Taiwan FactCheck Center

Organization: Taiwan FactCheck Center
Applicant: Yuan-Hui Hu
Assessor: Masato Kajimoto

Background

This is the third time I evaluate TFC. I have been regularly reading their stories for the last three years and I am fairly familiar with their other projects beyond fact-checking, such as making educational videos, publishing verification quizzes, offering professional training, collaborating with other media outlets in Taiwan and so on. Disclosure: My project, Annie Lab, has worked together with them for a couple of stories this year as well.

Assessment Conclusion

Without any hesitation, I would like to recommend their signatory status to be renewed. Their operation is in its third year and it is clear to me that TFC has not only met all the requirements but also brought the standard to the next level in some areas (except for the biographies of the staff fact-checkers as I pointed out in the assessment). For example, the way they present their fact-checking results -- with a summary and bullet points of key findings on top (good enough for busy mobile users), followed by a detailed explanation (for someone who wants more explanation), then a list of sources/resources (other media/journalists can check and follow up) -- seems to have a great synergy with the audience regardless of their media consumption styles. The fact-checking culture in Taiwan is very collegial and TFC has been taking a leading role in their collaborative efforts. With the presidential election and COVID-19 in 2020, their solid fact-checking have made real contributions to the public in Taiwan in my observation.

on 24-Nov-2020 (10 months ago)

Masato Kajimoto assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

我毫不猶豫地推薦延續台灣事實查核中心的認證成員資格。台灣事實查核中心的事實查核工作已踏入第三年,中心不僅符合所有要求,更把部分標準提升到新水平(我在評估中提出關於查核員的履歷問題除外)。舉例來說,不論受眾使用媒體的習慣如何,中心展示事實查核結果的方式似乎都能配合受眾需求:報告最上方會有一個查核摘要,為忙碌的手機用戶提供簡要資訊;接下來會有詳細解釋,滿足想知道細節的人;中心然後會提供參考資料或資源清單,供其他媒體或記者查核跟進。台灣的事實查核機構十分熱衷於合作,而台灣事實查核中心在當中擔起主導角色。2020年台灣舉行了總統大選並出現新型冠狀病毒肺炎,而據我觀察,中心紮實的事實查核工作為台灣民眾貢獻良多。

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago)

Taiwan FactCheck Center (TFC) is jointly funded by Taiwan Media Watch and the Association for Quality Journalism. It is organized for non-profit purposes. The objectives of the Center are to conduct fact checks on information relevant to public affairs as well as to improve the information ecology and news quality of Taiwan.

The Center’s founding purpose and Charter are clearly posted on the Center’s official website at: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization Please refer to the attached English translation of the Charter of the Taiwan FactCheck Center and the registration certificates of the two parent organizations.

Files Attached
certificates of TMW-... (257 KB) certificates of AQJ.... (324 KB) certificates of AQJ.... (324 KB) certificates of TMW-... (257 KB)
Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago)

Yes, the applicant has shown proof that it is a leagally registered organization.


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago)

1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?

In April 2018, with the endowment of NTD. 500,000 ($17,000) from Association for Quality Journalism and Taiwan Media Watch, respectively, Taiwan FactCheck Center (TFC) was jointly founded by these two organizations to improve the information ecology and news quality in Taiwan.

2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?

FC has seven full-time staff, including one chief editor, five fact-checkers and one visual designer.

3. What different activities does your organization carry out?

Besides our main mission of publishing fact checks, TFC also carries out activities such as:

Fact-checking workshops aimed at journalists, academics of journalism, teachers, and the public.

Giving speeches, lectures to teach fact-checking methodology and skills and to promote media literacy.

4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

It has been two years since TFC began the mission of fact-checking in 2018. In the coming year, at the age of three, TFC has set goals of fact-checking operation as below:

Increasing fact-checking power: by expanding TFC's team, the number fact-checks is expected to grow from 35-40 per month to 50 per month.

Building claims/fact-checks database as part of the project of ChatBot service.

Hosting advanced fact-checking workshop aiming at journalists, academics of journalism, fact-checker for further training

Hosting fact-checking workshops aiming at school teachers and the public for basic fact-checking skills and especially teaching concepts and ideas.

Hosting Forum on Fact-Checking in Asia 2021.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago)

The applicant has a proven record of producing fact-checking stories in compliance with the Code for the last three years and I see no change this year.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago)

From January 2020 to August 2020, TFC had published 373 fact-checks and 111 articles. Overall, TFC released at least five fact-checks per week. During the pandemic, TFC published four fact-checks per day at the peak.

Files Attached
description factcheck.docx (42 KB)
Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago)

The applicant meets this criterion.


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago)

Most, if not all, stories I've gone through tackle issues and claims that are significant.


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago)

TFC has not had any commercial, financial or institutional relationship to the state, politicians or political parties in the countries TFC covers, nor received funding from local or foreign state or political sources over the previous financial year.

We stipulate in TFC's donations acceptance policy that “to maintain independence of operations, Taiwan FactCheck Center does not accept donations from governments, political parties, and politicians." The policy can be found through the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/73.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

 The applicant has no relationship with any polticial entity.


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago)

TFC has not received funding from local or foreign state or political sources over the previous financial year.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
The applicant declares that there is funding from local or foreign state or political sources.

done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Here is the 10 fact checks that we recommand to read:


https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1959

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1954

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1892

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1403

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1248

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2970

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/3596

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/4143

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2530

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/4458



Looking into TFC's political fact-checks, we have covered issues across the political spectrum: we have fact-checked both the party in power (DPP) and the opposition party (KMT). The topics of TFC fact checks were related to Hong Kong protests against extradition bills; TFC also debunked several fake Chinese official documents. Aslo, TFC debunked the misinformation, saying that China took Taiwanese academic achievement as its credit(https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2970).

Besides politics, health-related topics have played a significant role in our fact-checks. The previous year, we also handled issues about astronomy, textbooks, discrinimation against immigrant workers and psychiatric patients, homosexual and gender, law and policy.

TFC has adheres our methodology and IFCN code in every single fact-check:

We ensure the reports include interviews with at least two resources, often more than two resources.

When legislation, documents, researches are involved in the claims, TFC's fact-checker must trace the origin of the related documents and study them carefully. We seek out experts to explain when necessary.

In the fact-check of the late Chief of the General Staff, Shen Yi-Ming's (沈一鳴) anecdote, we interviewed the high ranking officers in charge during the third Taiwan strait crisis, diplomatic personnels involved, historians and military experts to collect evidence and let them dictate the conclusion. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/1954)

In the claim that mosquitoes can transmit COVID-19, TFC's fact-check interviewed three experts, including a laurel professor who has studied coronavirus for more than 50 years. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/3596 )

In the case of a fake photo of Empress Dowager Cixi, TFC talked to an expert of old photo restoration and a specialist in photography history. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/4143)

Regrading the conspiracy theory video about speaker of Kaohsiung council, Hsu Kun-yuan's suicide, we had professional opinions from a forensic medical expert and professor to debunk the claim. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/4001 )

In many fact-checks, abstruse science papers are involved. We seeked support from Science Media Centre (SMC) to have experts in related fields to explain the original research. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/3022, https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2453 )

As for the claim regarding the overloading Taichung Crematorium, we didn't cite the official data blindly, we geolocated and verified the claimed photo to solve the case. (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2656)

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Their stories clearly demonstrate its editorial stance of non-partisanship. They apply the same standards consistently.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Please find our fact-checking guidelines through the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71

The guidelines state how we decide the claims to check:

Is the claim related to the welfare or well-being of the general public? Does the claim sound misleading or wrong?

Is the claim verifiable? TFC can’t check opinions or predictions.

Is the claim meaningful or significant to society?

How big is the impact which the claim has on our society?

How viral does the claim spread?

The claim may be news-worthy, but does TFC have the capability and ability to fact-check it?

Is it a claim TFC has covered before? If yes, TFC may consider to relocate the time and resources to other new topics to ensure we cover a broader field.

TFC strives to give each position equal attention even though TFC does not attempt to set an absolute balance in terms of numbers of items fact checked among the varied positions. To avoid a significant imbalance, besides reviewing subjects during the initial selection process, TFC continuously monitors the statistics of the fact checked cases involving political affairs among various positions in the weekly meeting.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The selection criteria are clear.


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 8 months ago


Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The sources have been quoted and characterized in a transparent manner -- with corroboration from other sources/documents when needed.  


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Their stories do not show any political support or take any political positions.


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

You can find the statement regarding the non-partisanship policy for TFC's staff through the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization

In Item 7 of organization statute, We state that TFC is an non-profit organization that is independent of political parties and authority. All members of the Advisory Council and the staff of TFC must not hold public office full-time or part-time, nor participate in political activities or events.

TFC clearly states that its founding belief is to follow the principles of professionalism, transparency and fairness in the process of fact-checking public affairs information.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

It is clear to the audience.


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant does this quite well. 


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Efforts are made to find primary sources and the best evidence available in all stories.


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Multiple sources are often consulted in their stories and it is clear to the audience why they are included in the stories.


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

If any, potential influences of the interests of the sources can be surmised by the audience as all sources are clearly presented.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

TFC is an independent organization funded by Taiwan Media Watch and the Association for Quality Journalism. Although TFC is nominally affiliated to the Association for Quality Journalism to receive resources and assistance in administrative affairs from Association for Quality Journalism, TFC is independent of the parent organization in terms of full editorial and financial independence.

TFC is currently in the process of transforming into an independent foundation. The application for foundation establishment has been submitted to the Taiwan authority. Please see the attachment about TFC’s application to form an independent foundation.

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf 20200505申請書.pdf (426 KB) picture_as_pdf 20200602回覆審核意見... (678 KB) picture_as_pdf 20200602回覆審核意見... (385 KB)
Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant is an independent fact-checking organization.


done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

On the "Donation Acceptance Policy" page (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/73), we state that TFC is a non-profit organization, and we receive donations through a dedicated bank account which is under our parent organization, Association for Quality Journalism.

One the subpage of "Donation Method" (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/348), TFC shares its 2019 financial report including the funding status.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Funding sources are clearly shown.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

We explain how and by whom editorial control is exercised on the page "Organizational Structure": https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization.


When a draft is done, there will be another fact checker and the chief editor will edit and review it. If the fact check is controversial, it will be reviewed by the advisory committee.

TFC will review the fact checks weekly to make sure the topic meet the requirement of non-partisanship.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

They are clearly presented on the website.


done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The TFC’s official website lists all members of the TFC, including the members of the Advisory Council and the staff. The professional biographies of staff including editor-in-chief and fact-checkers can found at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

I understand potential harassments and threats fact-checkers might receive but considering the relatively high degree of press freedom in Taiwan, perhaps TFC could consider disclosing more information about each staff. The biographical information is limited to educational background and job history without any descriptions about years of experience, links to their professional social media accounts (if any), and other details that might help its audience evaluate their commitment to fairness and non-partisanship as well as their possible conflict of interest.  


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The Center’s website lists various contact methods, including telephone, fax, e-mail, and Facebook. The public can send any questions and comments to the members of the Center through the contact form on our contact page. The contact page can be found at https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/contact

Each fact checked report has a comments section at the end of the article where registered members are free to express their comments.

Furthermore, TFC offers several ways for audience to communicate with us, such as:messenger, line chatbot as well as the appeal page on our website:

https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/appeal

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

It is easy for the audience to reach out to the applicant.


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

TFC’s fact checking operation is based on the principles of openness, transparency, rigor and accountability. We state the methodology how TFC selects, researches, writes and publishes fact-checks at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71 (For detailed standards on how we decide what to check, please refer to the statement for criteria 2.2)

Regarding fact-checking process, TFC adheres to the methodology below:

We interview at least two sources, including but not limited to experts, academics, government officers, and people who made the claim or involved.

We trace primary sources and original documentation.

We don't rely on government reports. We check it independently, verify the data with a non-partisan third party.

The fact-checks must be reviewed by at least three fact checking personnel before its publication. After the assigning reporter turns in the draft, at least two fact-checkers review and proofread the draft carefully to ensure accuracy and reach the agreement of the rating which the assigning reporter suggests. Then the rated report is brought to the editor in chief to final check the wording accuracy, structure integrity, rationality of the fact-check, and finalize the report.

Once the fact-check is published on TFC's website, the result will be released on TFC's Facebook, LINE, Twitter, and Instagram pages. In order to reach as many audiences as possible, TFC partners with media outlets such as Chinese Television System and National Education Radio to produce weekly programs based on our fact-checks. We also permit the publication to mainstream news outlets to expand the reach.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The methodology is clearly presented.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 8 months ago


Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Their stories meet this criterion.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Fact-checks are presented with proper supporting evidence, and when needed, refute related "counter-evidence".


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 8 months ago


Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

All evidence is evaluated adequately.


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

 Efforts are made to reach out to concerned parties and sources when needed.


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The Center’s website includes an “Appeal Page” (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/appeal) where the public can raise claims about doubtful news or information. TFC constantly reminds users on social media platforms to send in claims. In addition, TFC's Messenger ChatBot and Line ChatBot will be soon launched to collect claims from users as well.

If members of the public find in their daily life a piece of information or news which may be false or misleading, they can bring the information or news to the attention of the Center through the link “I have questions” on the appeal page.

If members of the public have any evidence which is helpful to verify or rebut suspected fake news or information, they can submit the information through the link “I have evidence” on the appeal page.

Moreover, the person(s) or the parties who are connected to the suspected fake news or information can also provide clarified information or comments through the link "I am a party” on the appeal page.

TFC explains how users submit their claim in the QA session of appeal page: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/appeal/faq.

On the same page, TFC also explains what isn't fact-checkable: TFC only investigates claims put forward as fact and prioritizes issues related to public interest or sound misleading or wrong. TFC can’t fact-check people’s opinions or comments. We also emphasize on the Guidelines page (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71) that TFC doesn't check opinions.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

It is clearly demonstrated that the applicant welcomes contributions from the public.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Taiwan FactCheck Center clearly lays out its correction and complaint policy which is available on the Center’s website (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/129). The policy states how the public can comment on the fact checked report, how the center deals with the public opinion internally, and how the center issues its corrections.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Corrections and complaints policy are clear.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant's correction policy meets this criterion.


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

TFC's fact-checks are open to external requests for corrections or complaints. The correction and complaints policy along with instruction is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website

Once we receive a request, TFC's fact checkers must process it with a rigorous review. If the original report is found to contain errors, TFC should immediately make a correction and issue the correction openly and transparently in bold font.

As an example how TFC responds to correction requests, after the report "False: Posts claim that a research has confirmed that COVID-19 is man-made virus from Wuhan Lab" (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/2500) was published on February 12, 2020, TFC received a request which pointed out that TFC misplaced the journey mentioned in the claim "Nature" for "Nature Medicine". TFC carefully reviewed the original source and then issued a correction on February 21, 2020, along with a note explaining the fact-check focusing on debunking the falsehood in the claim, not determining whether the virus is man-made.

In another report "False: Social media posts claim that the US will deploy 50,000 soldiers in Taiwan based on Taiwan Defence Act " (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/3999), we included experts' view and speculation as background material. Although that part of material wasn't used to dictate the conclusion, we issued a correction to clarify after receiving complaints regarding the issue to ensure the rigorousness of our fact-checks.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant demonstrated they have handled corrections adequately and professionally after receiving requests from the audience.  


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

We introduce IFCN, the code of principles, IFCN's complaints policy in details, at the link:https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/4474 On the same page, we state clearly that users can submit a complaint on the IFCN site when they believe TFC is violating the IFCN code of principles.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

It is easy for the audience to find ways to reach out to IFCN through the applicant's website.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
20-Sep-2020 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

TFC is not the fact-checking unit of a media company.

Masato Kajimoto Assessor
23-Nov-2020 (10 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Not applicable.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Masato Kajimoto.