The IFCN welcomes new applications to its Code of Principles beginning Jan. 16, 2024. Our website is currently under renovation, so new signatories should begin the application process by emailing their interest to info@ifcn.org with "New Signatory" in the subject line.

Taiwan FactCheck Center

Organization: Taiwan FactCheck Center
Applicant: Yuan-Hui Hu
Assessor: Chen-Ling Hung

Background

Taiwan FactCheck Center (TFC) was jointly established by Taiwan Media Watch and the Association for Quality Journalism in 2018. In December 2020, TFC was legally registered as an independent foundation, Taiwan FactCheck Foundation, for sustainability.

TFC’s mission is to fact-check claims related to public interest issues to promote reliable information and digital literacy. By the end of 2022, TFC has published 2119 fact-checks since it started fact-checking.

Currently, TFC Foundation has 15 full-time personnel. The fact-checking team has ten full-time employees, including one Chief Editor, one Deputy Chief Editor, one head of international projects/reporter, six fact-checkers, and one graphics designer. Besides, TFC Foundation has an education team of two people dedicated to media literacy programs. And three personnel work in administrative positions, including events and workshops organizing. It therefore has certain expertise in the implementation of these criteria required by professional journalism and IFCN. 

Assessment Conclusion

According to my assessment, Taiwan FactCheck Center is a reliable fact-checking partner. TFC has been increasing fact-checking capacity and quality since its establishment. This applicant is compliant with all the principles enacted by the IFCN. 
on 05-May-2023 (9 months ago)

Chen-Ling Hung assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

TFC’s mission is to fact-check claims related to public interest issues to promote reliable information and digital literacy. By the end of 2022, TFC has published 2119 fact-checks since it started fact-checking.

Currently, TFC Foundation has 15 full-time personnel. The fact-checking team has ten full-time employees, including one Chief Editor, one Deputy Chief Editor, one head of international projects/reporter, six fact-checkers, and one graphics designer. Besides, TFC Foundation has an education team of two people dedicated to media literacy programs. And three personnel work in administrative positions, including events and workshops organizing. It therefore has certain expertise in the implementation of these criteria required by professional journalism and IFCN.

According to my assessment, Taiwan FactCheck Center is a reliable fact-checking partner. TFC has been increasing fact-checking capacity and quality since its establishment. This applicant is compliant with all the principles enacted by the IFCN.

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

Taiwan FactCheck Center (TFC) was jointly established by Taiwan Media Watch and the Association for Quality Journalism in 2018. In December 2020, TFC was legally registered as an independent foundation, Taiwan FactCheck Foundation, for sustainability. Therefore, Taiwan FactCheck Center is supported by Taiwan FactCheck Foundation as the latter's fact-checking program.

The legal status of TFC are stated on TFC’s website ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization ).

In the attachment, you will find the Certificate of corporate Registration of the Taiwan FactCheck Foundation and its English version.

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Eng ver._ Certificat... (640 KB)
Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)

The applicant is legally registered as an independent foundation, and details of this are easily found on its website ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization ).


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?

In April 2018, with an endowment of NTD 500,000 ($17,000) from the Association for Quality Journalism and Taiwan Media Watch, respectively, TFC was jointly founded for non-profit purposes to improve the information ecology and news quality in Taiwan. TFC’s mission is to fact-check claims related to public interest issues to promote reliable information and digital literacy.

By the end of 2022, TFC has published 2119 fact-checks since it started fact-checking.

2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization, and what are their roles?

Taiwan FactCheck Foundation has 15 full-time personnel. The fact-checking team, namely, the Taiwan FactCheck Center, has ten full-time employees, including one Chief Editor, one Deputy Chief Editor, one head of international projects/reporter, six fact-checkers, and one graphics designer. 

Besides, Taiwan FactCheck Foundation has an education team of two people dedicated to media literacy programs. And three personnel work in administrative positions, including events and workshops organizing. 

3. What different activities does your organization carry out?

Besides our main mission of debunking falsehood and publishing fact-checks, TFC carries out different activities with the goal of promoting fact-checking and digital literacy:

- Fact-checking and verification workshops aimed at varied groups, including journalists, teachers, university and high school students, and the general public.

- Speeches and lectures on TFC’s fact-checking methodology and its work to promote fact-based information and media literacy.

- International collaborative projects to empower Filipino and Indonesian immigrants and migrant workers in Taiwan to fight against misinformation

- Yearly Asian forum to introduce fact-checking knowledge and insights from international experts to the Taiwanese audience. In 2022, the theme of the Asian forum was lessons from Russian aggression, touching areas such as war disinformation narratives, digital investigative journalism, and international collaborative project.

- Events such as the Google-powered Youth Verification Challenge to promote fact-checking and raise youth's awareness of misinformation.

4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

It has been three and half years since TFC began the journey of fact-checking in 2018. With the team growing, the goals of TFC's operation will be:

Increase fact-checking capacity and quality: following the team's expansion, the number of fact-checks is expected to increase from 35-40/month to 50/month.

Continue to host verification workshops, including advanced training for journalists and introductory ones for the public.

Host "Forum on Fact-Checking in Asia 2022"

Organize webinars on case-study and best practices for journalists and fact-checkers in Asia, especially in the Chinese-speaking regions.

Explore strategies to widen our audience reach.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)

The applicant is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

From August 1, 2022, to January 31, 2023, TFC published 342 fact-checks and 297 articles. On average, TFC publishes 12-13 fact-checks a week. 

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

From August 1, 2022, to January 31, 2023, TFC published 342 fact-checks. On average, the applicant publishes 12-13 fact-checks a week. 


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
Through a review over the previous three months, most of the fact checks published tackle issues and claims that are significant and relevant to public interests.

done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC has no commercial, financial, or institutional relationship to the state, politicians, or political parties in the countries TFC covers, nor receives funding from a local or foreign state or political sources over the previous financial year.

In 2022, TFC received a USD$5000 grant from Meedan, a non-profit organization that supports global journalism and fact-checking organizations, to fund TFC's project to introduce fact-checking tipline to Filipino migrant workers in Taiwan. In November 2021, Google.org donated USD$1 million to support a three-year Taiwan Media Literacy Education program which the donation would spread out over 2021-2023. These two grants are unrelated to politicians or political parties, and TFC retains its independence of editorial work.

We clearly state in TFC's donations acceptance policy that “to maintain the independence of operations, Taiwan FactCheck Center does not accept donations from governments, political parties, and politicians." The policy can be found through the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/73

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago
The applicant receives grants from non-profit organizations and digital platform corporations in 2022. The applicant has not had any financial or institutional relationship with the state, politicians or political parties. 

done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC did not have funding from local or foreign state or political sources over the previous financial year.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
The applicant declares that it has no funding from local or foreign state or political sources.

done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

1. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8006

In response to the former US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, China launched live-fire military drills and a series of drills images. One of the images of a Chinese PLA member watching Taiwan through binoculars, however, is altered, according to specialists in different fields. In the fact-check, TFC made sure that the photo was debunked based on evidence from a wide array of perspectives. The doctored, intimidating photo was unfortunately widespread across the globe via the Chinese Xinhua news agency’s supply to the Associated Press (AP).

2. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/7990

An image purporting to show Taiwan paid >$3M to hire a public relations firm to lobby US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was posted on the Taiwanese bulletin board system, PTT. However, the document is doctored. TFC’s fact-check found out the signature & stains around were identical to another file on the US DOJ site.

3. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8502

A video of poll station staff tallying votes in Taoyuan after the local election in November 2022 falsely claimed to show vote tallying in Pingtung. TFC quickly debunked the falsehood to prevent disinformation from hurting the democratic process in Taiwan.

4. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/6951

A message spread on LINE in April 2022, warning against buying Mango in March as it contains heavy pesticide residue. TFC published a fact-check after talking to Mango experts and farmers to debunk the fear-mongering hoax.

5. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8389

A graphic card was circulated online before the presidential election claiming that the former president had put the country in debt for eight years, in contrast to the current administration. TFC published an explainer fact-check to clarify questions about the complex financial issue to help the audience make informed decisions.

6. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8558

An old rumor claimed that Taiwan received six new HIV/AIDS cases per day after the legalization of same-sex marriage. The fabricated rumor, which first appeared online during the 2020 presidential election, was reshared ahead of the 2022 local elections. TFC presented the actual data along with facts from experts in the fact-check.

7. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/7088

A graphic card has reappeared repeatedly, claiming to show the radioactively contaminated food items imported from Japan. However, the information actually dates back to 2015. TFC verified the claim by interviewing the Taiwanese FDA and traced the official documents.

8. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8243

A viral social media post spread with a news clip claimed to show a certain brand of soy sauce was found to cause cancer and was widely used in Taiwan. The news clip was in fact outdated. The product mentioned in the news was not available anymore.

9. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/7565

A video of a gathering of fish claims to be the signal of an imminent earthquake. After the image reverse search, we found the original clip was shared by an amateur fisherman. We also interviewed a fish specialist to explain the phenomenon.

10. https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/7018

A video appeared on Chinese social media Weibo, purported to show a phone call recording of Ukrainian president Zelensky arranging for his family to flee the country. TFC was able to debunk the fake audio recording with the support of the Ukrainian fact-checker organization and Ukrainian students in Taiwan.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)

The stories chosen by the applicant demonstrate its editorial stance of non-partisanship. They apply the same standards consistently.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

We have the fact-checking guidelines on the website as follows, explaining how we select claims at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71 

  1. Is the claim related to the welfare or well-being of the general public? Does the claim sound misleading or wrong?
  2. Is the claim checkable? TFC can not check opinions or predictions.
  3. Is the claim meaningful or significant enough to society?
  4. Does this claim have a great impact on our society?
  5. How viral does the claim spread?
  6. Does TFC have the related ability to fact-check the claim?
  7. Was the claim fact-checked by TFC before? If yes, TFC may relocate the resources to other new topics to ensure we cover a broader field.

TFC strives to give each party equal attention even though TFC does not attempt to set an absolute balance in terms of the number of claims among varied parties. However, to avoid a significant imbalance, TFC continuously monitors the statistics of the fact-checks concerning politics from various political positions.

TFC uses a fact-checking chatbot to collect claims and cross-check and monitor the reach of claims using various social research tools such as Meta's CrowdTangle to determine the priority to check.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
The applicant publishes fact-checking guidelines on the website explaining how it selects claims at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71

done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant doesn't show support for any party, any politician, or political candidate.

done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

You can find the statement regarding the non-partisanship policy for TFC's staff through the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/purpose 

On the page of the founding purpose, TFC clearly states that its founding belief is to follow the principles of professional journalism, transparency, and impartiality in fact-checking claims related to the public interest. Please refer to the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/purpose

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago)
The applicant explains its policies to preserve its non-partisan way of fact-checking.

done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant identifies the source of significant evidence used in its fact checks. 

done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago
Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant uses the best available primary sources of evidence in most stories.

done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant frequently applies multiple sources in their stories.


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago
Based on what I have reviewed, the applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

Taiwan FactCheck Center/ Taiwan FsctCheck Foundation is an independent organization. TFC had been previously affiliated with one of the founding organizations, the Association for Quality Journalism, to receive resources and assistance in administrative matters. However, during that time, TFC functioned independently regarding full editorial and financial independence.

In December 2020, TFC was officially registered as an independent foundation. The change of the legal status is also announced on the website at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization

You can find the registration document of the Taiwan FactCheck Foundation in the attachment.

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Eng ver._ Certificat... (640 KB)
Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant is an independent non-profit organization.

done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

On the page "Donation Acceptance Policy" (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/donation), we state that TFC is a non-profit organization and provide dedicated bank account numbers to receive donations.

The details of donations, as well as funding status, are listed in yearly donation reports, which are published on the subpage (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/donation-report).

The legal status of the organization is stated on the page "Organization Structure" (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization).

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant reveals the details of donations, as well as funding status in yearly donation reports on its website.

done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC explains its organization structure on the page "Organization Structure." (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization) Regarding how and by whom editorial control is exercised, we explain the process on the page “The principles of fact-checking." (https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/principle)

The claims to fact-check are picked in the daily editorial meeting based on TFC's fact-checking principles and then assigned to a fact-checker by the Editor-in-Chief. After the first draft is submitted, it must be reviewed and proofread by at least two other fact-checkers, including the Editor-in-Chief, before publishing. If necessary, the Editor-in-Chief can consult with the board of the Taiwan FactCheck Foundation.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant has a page ("Organizational Structure") on its website that explains its organization structure. On the page “The principles of fact-checking", the applicant explains how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

We list all staff, including the Editor-in-Chief and all fact-checkers, and their professional biographies at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/about/oganization.

In the bio, we provide detailed information on each staff’s previous experiences. We hope this information helps the audiences evaluate TFC staff’s commitment to fairness, non-partisanship, and transparency.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant lists all staff including the Chief Editor and all fact-checkers, and their professional biographies on its website.

done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

To encourage users to communicate with us, TFC provides multiple contact methods, including phone numbers, e-mail, addresses, a contact form, and various social media accounts. Audiences can reach out to TFC’s staff, sending questions and comments by using one of the methods. All the info can be found on the contact page. ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/contact)

Besides, each fact-check has a comment section at the bottom of the article where registered users can share their comments.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

The applicant provides the contact page to encourage users to communicate with its organization. 


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

We explain the methodology of how TFC selects, researches, writes, and publishes fact-checks at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/71 (For detailed standards on how we decide what to check, please refer to the statement for criteria 2.2 in this application file)

TFC’s fact-checking operation is based on the principles of openness, transparency, rigor, and accountability. We adhere to the methodology below:

  1. In every fact-check, we trace primary sources and original documentation and look for the best evidence.
  2. We interview at least two sources, including but not limited to experts, academics, government officers, or persons involved.
  3. We don't rely on government data. We check it independently and verify the data with a non-partisan third party. If any, we clearly present all sources so potential influences of the interests of the sources can be surmised by the audiences
  4. A fact-check must be reviewed by at least three fact-checking personnel before its publication. After the assigning reporter turns in the draft, at least two fact-checkers review and proofread the draft carefully to ensure accuracy and reach the agreement of the rating that the assigning reporter suggests. Then the rated report is brought to the Editor-in-Chief to final check the wording accuracy, structure integrity, and rationality of the fact-check and finalize the report.
  5. Once the fact-check is published on TFC's website, the work will be disseminated through TFC's social channels, including Facebook, LINE, Twitter, and Instagram pages. To reach as many audiences as possible, we also permit the publication request from mainstream news outlets.
Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
On this page "Fact-checking Principle", the applicant publishes the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.

done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
In view of what I have observed, the applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims.

done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
In view of what I have observed, the applicant sets out in their fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it. 

done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
In view of what I have observed, the applicant assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.

done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
In view of what I have observed, the applicant regularly relies on primary and secondary sources of information and does not make unfair conclusions or inaccurate deductions from evidence. The organization also identifies the interests of sources if they would be required to understand the source’s credibility.

done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

We constantly remind users to send in claims to check. It would help us to detect viral claims too. We provide multiple user-friendly methods for our audience to send in claims:

When spotting a suspicious claim, or doubtful news, users can submit the claim on TFC’s appeal page ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/appeal ). On the appeal page, we have a FAQ section ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/appeal/faq ) for common questions to guide users through the submission process, as well as to reiterate what a checkable claim is and to manage their expectations.

Furthermore, we have a fact-checking tipline on LINE, the most used messaging APP in Taiwan. We encourage audiences to add TFC’s account on LINE ( https://line.me/R/ti/p/@tfctaiwan?from=page&openQrModal=true&searchId=tfctaiwan ) , and send questionable content they receive with us. The links to TFC’s LINE Chatbot are presented on the top-right of the main page ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/ ).

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check.

done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC clearly outlines its correction and complaint policy at the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/129.

The policy states and explains how a number of the public can submit questions or complaints on TFC's fact-checks, how TFC handles the feedback from audiences, and how TFC publishes its corrections.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

The applicant clearly lays out its correction and complaint policy on the page ”Corrections Policy”


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

The corrections policy sets out the procedure and outcomes of corrections.  


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC's fact-checks are open to external requests for corrections or complaints. As mentioned, the correction and complaints policy is easily accessible on TFC’s website ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/129 ).

Once we receive a request, TFC's fact-checkers must process it with a rigorous review. If the original report is found to contain errors, TFC should immediately publish a correction and issue it openly and transparently in bold font.

Two examples are provided below:

  1. On December 9, 2022, we published a fact-check about the bird species (Syrmaticus Mikado, Mikado Pheasant) in Taiwan. ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/8536). We later received a reader’s request telling us that Syrmaticus mikado was listed as ”Near Threatened“ by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2016- not “vulnerable” as stated in the article. We added a correction note in the preface of the fact-check on December 14, 2022, to remind our audiences of the change and also show our appreciation to the reader who reported the error to us.
  2. On June 24, 2022, we published a fact-check on a message which claimed that Taiwanese groupers are administered antibiotics, and antibiotic residues will accumulate in fish. ( https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/articles/7737) After interviewing specialists, we first rated the claim false. However, after receiving the audience’s request, we determine that the claim is a personal opinion. So we issued a correction note and explained how TFC decided to turn the fact-check into an explanatory article to explain the antibiotics usage practices in Taiwan’s grouper industry.
Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant gives 2 examples from 2 different articles. It demonstrates that they have handled corrections adequately and professionally after receiving requests from the audience. 

done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

At the link: https://tfc-taiwan.org.tw/node/4474, we have an introduction to IFCN, the Code of Principles, and IFCN's complaints policy in detail. We state clearly that all users can reach out to IFCN when they find that TFC is violating the IFCN Code of Principles.

The link to the IFCN complaints page is provided on the same page, too.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
On this page “IFCN signatory and complaints”, the applicant provides an introduction to IFCN, the Code of Principles, and IFCN's complaints policy in detail.

done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Taiwan FactCheck Center
16-Feb-2023 (1 year ago) Updated: 11 months ago

TFC is not the fact-checking unit of a media company.

Chen-Ling Hung Assessor
23-Apr-2023 (10 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
The applicant is not the fact-checking unit of a media company.

done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Chen-Ling Hung.