PesaCheck

Organization: PesaCheck
Applicant: Eric Mugendi
Assessor: Henk van Ess
Edits made by the organization after this assessment

IFCN Staff wrote:

We have ve added the reference that Code for Africa is registered as Civic Media Initiative in Kenya. The Data Zetu website is offline as their programme funding ran out, so we're adding an archive link to the website as it was, and the text on the About page states that the organization is defunct, meaning that it is no longer active.


We've updated the 'Our Principles' section of our site as advised, and the writers have also been included on the About Us page.

I hope this is sufficient. Let me know if there is anything else that we need to add/change.

Thanks again for the heads up on this.


Conclusion and recommendations
on 07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago)

Henk van Ess wrote:

There is no mention on the website pesacheck.org codeforafrica.org or codeforkenya.org of Civic Media Initiative (Kenya) - the mother organisation applicant mentioned in application. This means applicant organisation does not offer evidence of its ties to a parent or umbrella organisation. 

According to http://www.npo.gov.za/PublicNpo/Npo/DetailsPublicDocs/33619918 the applicant is filed away under the following category:

Law, Advocacy, and Politics > Civic and Advocacy Organizations > Civil rights associations Voluntary Association. We suggest to show that information on About page or ask gov.za to change the category.

We don't find always a source or a link to the information published. 

The applicant says in https://pesacheck.org/our-principles-2e9c5a00ecb1 that one of the financial supporters is https://datazetu.or.tz (they provided this link). However, this site doesn't exist anymore.


 Not all authors are listed

on 07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago)

Henk van Ess recommended Accept with edits


Section 1: Organization

Criterion 1a
Proof of registration
Evidence required: Please provide evidence that the signatory is a legally-registered organization set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking or the distinct fact-checking project of a recognized media house or research institution.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

PesaCheck is an initiative of Code for Africa, under the Code for Kenya initiative. Code for Kenya is registered as Civic Media Initiative (Kenya).

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Certificate of Regis... (186 KB)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The document supplied looks a bit simple for an official CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION OF NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION , but is genuine and based on http://www.npo.gov.za/PublicNpo/Npo/DetailsPublicDocs/33619918

The information supplied by applicant does not mention the International Budget Partnership or ICFJ, which is mentioned on https://pesacheck.org/is-kenya-likely-to-be-hit-by-a-cyclone-912c07ce85ae and https://twitter.com/pesacheck 

 PesaCheck is an initiative of Code for Africa, in partnership with the International Budget Partnership (Kenya), with additional support from the International Center for Journalists (ICFJ).

On https://pesacheck.org/about www.internationalbudget.org is mentioned and IBP mentions Pesacheck.

There is no mention on the website pesacheck.org codeforafrica.org or codeforkenya.org of Civic Media Initiative (Kenya) - the mother organisation applicant mentioned in application. This means applicant organisation does not offer evidence of its ties to a parent or umbrella organisation.


done 1a marked as Partially compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 1b
Archive
Evidence required: Insert a link to the archive of fact checks published in the previous three months. If you do not collect all fact checks in one place, please explain how the fact-checking is conducted by your organization.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The applicant has published fact-checks over the past three months with an average of one per week, but in 2018 there was not always each week a publication. 


done_all 1b marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Section 2: Nonpartisanship and Fairness

Criterion 2a
Body of work sample
Evidence required: Please share links to ten fact checks that better represent the scope and consistency of your fact-checking. Provide a short explanation of how your organization strives to maintain coherent standards across fact checks.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

PesaCheck focuses on claims made by politicians and other public figures in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania, and how these statements and claims reflect on government’s delivery of key public services, such as healthcare, rural development, and access to water and sanitation. In addition to this, we also fact-check claims posted to a number of social media and messaging platforms, and the articles that we produce in response to these claims are also posted on our website.

Has the Women Enterprise Fund Disbursed Sh42 billion in Four Years? https://pesacheck.org/has-the-women-enterprise-fund-disbursed-sh42-billion-in-four-years-3f7fc70a0a29

Are abortion cases in Mwanza’s Sengerema hospital on the rise? https://pesacheck.org/have-abortion-cases-been-on-the-rise-in-sengerema-since-2017-befb5fa14c53

Are President Museveni’s claims on Ugandan school enrollment true? https://pesacheck.org/fact-checking-president-musevenis-claims-on-school-enrollment-in-uganda-bf8fce1ecc86

FALSE: Kenya’s government did not create 840,000 jobs in 2018 https://pesacheck.org/false-the-government-did-not-create-840-000-jobs-in-2018-396237c406ec

Do two-thirds of rural Ugandans have access to clean water? https://pesacheck.org/do-two-thirds-of-rural-ugandans-have-access-to-clean-water-6582e69251b0

Is Kenya likely to be hit by a cyclone? https://pesacheck.org/is-kenya-likely-to-be-hit-by-a-cyclone-912c07ce85ae

Is Uganda’s Entebbe expressway the costliest road per kilometer in the world? https://pesacheck.org/is-ugandas-entebbe-expressway-the-costliest-road-per-kilometer-in-the-world-f5e1730758a9

Fact-checking President Museveni’s 2019 New Year Address https://pesacheck.org/fact-checking-president-musevenis-2019-new-year-address-2f8056c8614a

Has almost all of Kenya’s 2018/19 revenue gone into repayment of debt? https://pesacheck.org/has-almost-all-of-kenyas-2018-19-revenue-gone-into-repayment-of-debt-47093643fe02

Fact-Checking President Uhuru Kenyatta’s 2019 State of the Nation Address https://pesacheck.org/fact-checking-president-uhuru-kenyattas-2019-state-of-the-nation-address-4966980760a8


Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

Applicant is fully compliant. We liked that the powers in charge corrected some of their statements after fact checks, for example https://pesacheck.org/false-the-government-did-not-create-840-000-jobs-in-2018-396237c406ec


done_all 2a marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 2b
Nonpartisanship policy
Evidence required: Please share evidence of your policy preventing staff from direct involvement in political parties and advocacy organizations. Please also indicate the policy your organization has as a whole regarding advocacy and supporting political candidates.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

PesaCheck is politically neutral and non-partisan, and we do not support or oppose any political party or candidate. We also do not undertake any advocacy work either for ourselves or on behalf of others.

https://pesacheck.org/our-principles-2e9c5a00ecb1

Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

According to http://www.npo.gov.za/PublicNpo/Npo/DetailsPublicDocs/33619918 the filed away under the following category:

Law, Advocacy, and Politics > Civic and Advocacy Organizations > Civil rights associations Voluntary Association. 

We suggest to show that information on About page or ask gov.za to change the category.


done 2b marked as Partially compliant by Henk van Ess.

Section 3: Transparency of Sources

Criterion 3a
Sources Policy
Please share a brief and public explanation (500 words max) of how sources are provided in enough detail that readers could replicate the fact check. If you have a public policy on how you find and use sources for your fact-checking, it should be shared here.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

PesaCheck is committed to disclosing to its readers the sources of the information in its stories to the maximum possible extent. We want to make our reporting as transparent to the readers as possible so they may know how and where we got our information. Transparency is honest and fair, two values we cherish.

https://pesacheck.org/our-principles-2e9c5a00ecb1

Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

We don't find always a source or a link to the information published. 

PesaCheck wrote:

FALSE: DFCU Bank is not closing a third of its branches in Uganda

In a recent article  https://pesacheck.org/false-dfcu-bank-is-not-closing-a-third-of-its-branches-in-uganda-8d987af95913 the document "Purpose and Scope  of the Request for Proposal" is shown, but not explained what the source is or the direct link (we found one, to https://eagle.co.ug/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/RFP-Consultancy-services-for-relocation-of-selected-dfcu-Bank-branches-2019-1.pdf)

This is against own policy of applicant: "Any source documents used in the fact check need to be annotated and uploaded to sourceAfrica, including any additional useful data identified in the process of fact-checking."        

That article is based on just one source: the bank itself says it's not closing 22 branches, as if this would be a fact. The bank says, the majority shares are held by a Dutch bank, Rabobank with some others,  it's not closing the branches from  14th October 2019 on, but according to their OWN press release, they maybe do that later, check https://www.facebook.com/dfcugroup/posts/2368839653382194 

"dfcu Bank has a network of 63 branches spread across the country. As we communicated at this year’s Annual General meeting in June, the Bank is in the process of implementing its digital strategy to drive better customer experience, improve efficiency and align its operations with emerging trends in the financial sector. This calls for continuous rationalisation of branch operations and redesigning of the Branch model"

The same method (somebody claims something, but the involved subject denies it) we see here: https://pesacheck.org/false-teaching-of-luganda-has-not-been-banned-in-ugandan-public-schools-beee51cfcde1

We urge the fact checker to not use the source denying the rumour, but find more sources, as they did in several other stories.


On https://pesacheck.org/false-these-photos-of-a-network-mast-on-fire-in-nigeria-are-not-from-2019-8870e294efc1 we don't understand the following claim:

These photos of a network mast on fire in Nigeria are not from 2019

FALSE

But the whole article is about that the photo was from 2015. Either they should have written:


These photos of a network mast on fire in Nigeria are not from 2019

TRUE

or

These photos of a network mast on fire in Nigeria are from 2019

FALSE





done 3a marked as Partially compliant by Henk van Ess.

Section 4: Transparency of Funding & Organization

Criterion 4a
Funding Sources
Evidence required: Please link to the section where you publicly list your sources of funding (including, if they exist, any rules around which types of funding you do or don't accept), or a statement on ownership if you are the branch of an established media organization or research institution.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

PesaCheck is an innovateAFRICA grantee, and receives financial support from the International Budget Partnership and Code for Africa. We also provide a fact-checking service on behalf of Facebook, for which we receive a monthly revenue.

https://pesacheck.org/our-principles-2e9c5a00ecb1

Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The applicant says in https://pesacheck.org/our-principles-2e9c5a00ecb1 that one of the financial supporters is https://datazetu.or.tz (they provided this link). However, this site doesn't exist anymore and they didn't tweet anymore since Feb 28.


done 4a marked as Partially compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 4b
Staff
Evidence required: Please link to the section detailing all authors and key actors behind your fact-checking project with their biographies. You can also list the name and bios of the members of the editorial board, pool of experts, advisory board, etc. if your organization has those.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

done 4b marked as Partially compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 4c
Contact
Evidence required: Please link to the section where readers can get in touch with the organization.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

All countries have their own contact data.


done_all 4c marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Section 5: Transparency of Methodology

Criterion 5a
Detailed Methodology
Evidence required: Please link to a section or article detailing the steps you follow for your fact-checking work.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The organization’s website provides a step-by-step explanation of its methodology.


done_all 5a marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 5b
Claim submissions
Evidence required: Please link to the page or process through which readers can submit claims to fact-check. If you do not allow this, please briefly explain why.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

A specific section / call for action that explains to readers how to send claims and which claims can be fact-checked can be found under Corrections policy. 


done_all 5b marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Section 6: Open & Honest Corrections Policy

Criterion 6a
Corrections policy
Evidence required: Please link to the page with your policy to address corrections. If it is not public, please share your organization's handbook.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)
Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The applicant’s website has a clear, transparent explanation of its corrections policy that applies across the organization


done_all 6a marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.

Criterion 6b
Examples of corrections
Evidence required: Please provide two examples of a correction made, or correction requests handled, in the past year.

PesaCheck
10-Jul-2019 (1 year ago)

An article that we published looking into whether loan defaulters were being arrested in Kenya contained an erroneous link to an unrelated story that had been found using a reverse image search done on the photos included in the Facebook post being checked. We included an editor's note to explain that the article included was not as we had reported. https://pesacheck.org/false-these-images-do-not-show-loan-defaulters-being-arrested-in-kenya-334465525986
An article that we published looking into how much Kenya's central region contributes to the national GDP was published with estimates of the data rather than actual statistics. When the actual data was published, we chose to correct the information with an editor's note rather than changing the article entirely https://pesacheck.org/does-the-mt-kenya-region-contribute-60-of-kenyas-gdp-4b12b7287c22

Henk van Ess Assessor
07-Oct-2019 (10 months ago) Updated: 10 months ago

The organization provided at least two examples of a correction request handled by the organization.


done_all 6b marked as Fully compliant by Henk van Ess.