Newtral

Organization: Newtral
Applicant: Joaquín Ortega
Assessor: Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura

Background

Newtral.es is the fact checking operation of the homonymous company, which focuses on videojournalism and was founded by journalist Ana Pastor in 2018. Their fact checking is solid and responsible, they use primary sources and are transparent. The operation is divided between political fact checking and debunking. Their main topics covered are Spanish politics, economics and health. Newtral has also evolved to work in education efforts regarding media literacy. Of note is also the fact that they are the first signatory of IFCN in Spain.

Assessment Conclusion

Newtral.es’s fact checking operation is responsible and balanced. They use high journalistic standards when analyzing claims, and do so with primary, on the record sources. They are transparent regarding their methodology and how it is applied. Readers are able to follow and replicate the process of each fact checking, if they so wish. Their corrections policy is solid. Of particular note is the organization of information in their website, where claims can be filtered by political actor and result, generating a clear picture of their balance and the use of information in Spanish politics.

on 10-Nov-2021 (7 months ago)

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

Newtral.es es la operación de fact checking de la empresa homónima, que se centra en el videoperiodismo y fue fundada por la periodista Ana Pastor en 2018. Su fact checking es sólido y responsable, utilizan fuentes primarias y son transparentes, con una política de correcciones responsable. Sus principales temas tratados son la política, la economía y la salud españolas.

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Newtral Media Audiovisual SL was registered in October 2017 and has been operating since January 2018. Newtral.es is one of the journalistic projects of the company. The founding team of Newtral.es was the same that created El Objetivo de Ana Pastor, aired on LaSextaTV, first IFCN signatory in Spain.

LINK: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago)

The applicant, Newtral.es, is one of the journalistic projects of Newtral Media Audiovisual SL, who is also dedicated to news video projects. The applicant is the fact checking and verification unit of the group and was founded in 2018. They are part, then, of a legally registered organization.


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

1. The origin of the Newtral.es fact-checking team dates back to the TV program El Objeto de Ana Pastor, broadcast by La Sexta since 2013. The program had a permanent fact-checking segment. Later, a debunking one. Over the years, the same team of journalists founded Newtral.es using the same methodology.

2. Newtral is an audiovisual media start-up that covers different fields and employs around 80 people. Without a doubt the most important projects are the television programs. 12 journalists work in the Newtral.es verification team, divided into 2 areas: political fact-checking and debunking of hoaxes.

https://www.newtral.es/equipo-de-verificacion/

3. We launched the first Masters Degree in fact-checking in Spain together with the San Pablo CEU university. In addition to the audiovisual production and the verification articles published on Newtral.es, we invest in research and development applied to fact-checking through artificial intelligence. Furthermore, we created the Newtral Education project to promote critical thinking and media literacy. Newtral.es is also part of the European Digital Media Observatory, that "brings together fact-checkers and academic researchers with expertise in the field of online disinformation"

4. The goals of our fact-checking team for the next year are to strengthen the strategic alliance with different fact-checking teams in Latin America and Spain through the use of technological tools that allow us to automate more efficiently the work to fight against political disinformation.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The fact checking operation of the Newtral goes back to earlier experiences the journalist Ana Pastor had on TV, in 2013. This was migrated to become the current operation of the applicant, dedicated to verification and fact checking.The current team for fact checking is formed by 12 people. They are diverse in terms of operation, also working in education, through their own Master Degree in partnership with a university and another initiatives. They plan on expanding their operations through partnerships with fact checking teams in Latin America. Thus, the applicant is fully dedicated to fact checking and other related activies.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Newtral.es publishes new fact-checks daily.

The articles are showed in an original, clear and open "timelines" on its website. 

Here is the timeline for the verification of political discourse articles:

https://www.newtral.es/zona-verificacion/fact-check/

And here is the timeline for the debunking of disinformation articles:

https://www.newtral.es/zona-verificacion/fakes/

We have 423 articles (total both areas), registered on our records, over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. 70,5 claims per month. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant meets and surpasses the minimum amount of fact checks in a year. In the last 12 months, they have published over 200 checks, and over 150 debunkings. Their interface to consult the archives of articles, checks and debunkings is clear and organized.


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

After a review of a random set of checks, it was concluded that the applicant focuses their journalistic efforts in issued of social importance, generally connected to politics, economics, social issues like migration, and health. They focus on topics that could impact people's lives.


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

No relation to the state, politicians or political parties. No public funding at all from Spanish institutions. In 2019 we received support from the EU to study the feasibility of an artificial intelligence project applied to verification. Information on the application of the European Instrument called Horizon 2020 SME is here: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/855556/es


Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has not received any financial support from public or government institutes recently. Their accounts also don't display any relationship to state actors. However, they did receive support from the EU of 50.000 Euros to study the feasibility of applying artificial intelligence to verification. The project is public and doesn't involve any control over the content of the applicant.


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We provide this information of the editorial independence standards here: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant receives little to no support from state actors, the only initiative in that sense being the aforementioned project with the EU. In their About page, they state their independence and neutrality in terms of selection and reporting of fact-checkings.


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

As you can see in the links, we follow the same standards of evidence for every article. First, we check the data, we send an inquiry to the politician to consult which is the source of information used for the claim (if that's the case, on a political fact-check), and we contrast it with the official information and reliable and solid related data from international and national organizations or public sources. Then, we analyze the facts with experts to check that we are understanding correctly the data we are using, with the right and comprehensive context. In every fact-check, we explain the verification path we follow to get the conclusions we share. Regarding all this, we decide the rating. All ratings are explained in each article, with links to our methodology.

https://www.newtral.es/vacunas-covid-terapias-sustituidas-comision-europea/20210926/

https://www.newtral.es/mujeres-contratos-indefinidos/20210926/

https://www.newtral.es/volcanes-emiten-co2-dioxido-de-carbono-la-palma/20210929/

https://www.newtral.es/betadine-coronavirus-gargaras-bulo/20210924/

https://www.newtral.es/paro-juvenil-prepandemia-nadia-calvino/20210909/

https://www.newtral.es/factcheck-enganoso-barcelona-presupuesto-limpieza-asegura-colau/20210924/

https://www.newtral.es/casado-psoe-gasto-electoral-fact-check/20210923/

https://www.newtral.es/comunidades-autonomas-vacuna-covid-historia-clinica/20210923/

https://www.newtral.es/vacunas-covid-cancer-sistema-inmunitario-estudio/20211004/

https://www.newtral.es/ione-belarra-derecho-huelga-canamero-pedro-ruiz-fact-check/20210922/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

After an examination of the links produced by the applicant, it was concluded that the applicant's work is balanced, and their use of evidence is based on high journalistic standards regardless of the actor being checked.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We explain this methodology here: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has a section dedicated to their Methodology on their website. It is transparent and clear. This section details that claims are chosen based on journalistic criteria of social importance and reach, and it states neutrality in terms of what claims are chosen. Their methods section abides completely by the code.


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

After a review of random fact checkts, it was concluded that the applicant explains clearly the nature of their sources when checking a claim. This means that they put sources in context, where the reader can identify relevant interests that could influence the interpretation of a given check. Although this context is explained, it's not usual to have a source where their interests influence the result of a check.


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

After a review of random posts by the applicant, it was observed that the applicant checks claims in a balanced way. They do not show support for any political party, agent or policy, and their checks cover the whole political spectrum, without demonstrating preferences. They also don't fall victim to try to equate parties or speeches, but rather analyze individual claims based on their value. This is also visible in a useful feature from their website, where the reader can filter checks by political party/coalition, thus rendering their balance visible.


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We explain our non-partisanship and neutrality policy in our methodology here: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant's About page has a section defining non-partisanship for their staff. They state that staff is forbidden to integrate political party or demonstrations, or to show support for ideologies. Social media use by the staff is seen with caution. A review of recent posts in social media feeds from the team demonstrated that this policy is enforced.


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant consistently discloses the sources uses in their checks, whether it is the debunking section or the fact checking section. Sources are linked to, using external hyperlinks, and experts or departments interviewed are named. The applicant refrains from using not named sources. The steps taken by the journalists are visible to the audience.


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant consistently uses primary sources to verify claims. This usually means documental, official sources, but, in the cases where this is not possible, they use relevant experts to inform a given discussion. There is a section in their About page where the applicant states and defends their use of primary sources, only resorting to unnamed, not official sources as as last resource. A review of random fact checks has confirmed this practice.


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

When verifying a claim, the applicant consistently checks said claim integrally. This means they analyze different parts of the claim, using separate sources for each part. An evidence of this is the frequent use of the labels Mostly true or Mostly false, where they demonstrate that some claims may have parts of truth or parts of lies. However, in terms of clarity, every check has a summary on the bottom of the page, making it easier for the reader to understand the whole picture.

One example of this posture can be found in the following check: https://www.newtral.es/factcheck-enganoso-barcelona-presupuesto-limpieza-asegura-colau/20210924/


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

When using a source, the applicant puts the source in context, especially when checking claims from political actors. This way, the reader can interpret whenever the sources' interest may influence the check. However, this is not a common situation, since the sources used are generally documents or experts, rendering them more isolated from such influences. The applicant is compliant.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The verification unit of Newtral.es is a journalistic project of Newtral Media Audiovisual SL.

We explain this here: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is a unit within Newtral Media, a videojournalism company. This is clear in their branding and naming, and is explained in their About section.


done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Newtral Media Audiovisual SLU is an independent organization 100% owned by the Spanish journalist Ana Pastor.

https://www.newtral.es/quienes-somos/

More details about finances related to Newtral.es are explained here:

https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

As explained previously, the applicant is a section within Newtral, a videojournalism company. However, their About section has some details on the finances of the whole group. Although it is not exhaustive, this renders their governance more transparent.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has a Staff page where the team is detailed. The corporate structure of the team is clear, as well as the persons responsible for editorial control.


done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

This is the team in charge of the articles related to fact-checking and debunking

https://www.newtral.es/equipo-de-verificacion/

This is the page with all the members of the company, including ownership and corporate.

https://www.newtral.es/equipo/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The same Staff page where readers can check who exercises editorial control also displays the pictures, position and professional bio of all the staff. Email addresses and Twitter handles are also available for almost every member.


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is easily reachable. There are two contacts points for readers to contact the team. One is Staff Page, where professionals have their email address available. The other is the Contact page, which displays physical address, email address, WhatsApp and phone number. This page is linked to in their landing page, as well as in their About section.


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

In their About page, the applicant has a clear guide on their methodology and its application to checks. It covers the general idea of fact checking, the general work of the team when choosing claims, and how they are checked.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant selects claims based on two factors: social importance and reach, both of which are applied in the political fact checking section and in the debunking section. The concern of choosing claims based on these two aspects features in their methods section. After a review of the checks, the assessor could confirm that both these aspects can be seen in the claims they check.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

A review of random fact checks reveals that the applicant applies evidence responsibly, open both to support and undermine the claim. Instead of just taking the main factor of the claim, they analyze different aspects and implications connected to it. This renders their checks more complex than just a singular view. One example of this can be found in the following check: https://www.newtral.es/mujeres-contratos-indefinidos/20210926/. Another one can be found here: https://www.newtral.es/paro-juvenil-prepandemia-nadia-calvino/20210909/


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Although it's not common to find exactly equivalent claims to compare, the applicant does analyze them in a balanced way. This means they employ evidences using high journalistic standards regardless of the actors that has made the claim.


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

A review of random checks demonstrated that the applicant has the protocol to contact whoever has made the claim, in order to identify the source of a given information, or to add context. This can be seen in following two checks, which refer to actors in opposite ends of the political spectrum: https://www.newtral.es/factcheck-muertes-por-gripe-y-covid/20210827/ / https://www.newtral.es/paga-menas-andalucia-santiago-abascal/20210902/

However, this is frequent in their political fact checking section, but not in the debunking section, since in the latter they often check anonymous or viral claims.


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We explain the methodology of the on demand verification service here:

https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/


Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

In their About page, in the Methods section, the applicant has a paragraph where they explain how claims to be checked are chosen, which includes describing what is checkable.

In terms of encouraging users to send in claims, this happens in different instances. On the top right-hand corner of the landing page there is a link for a section called Send us questions, with a form where readers can send claims. In the checks themselves, there is a form cleverly encouraging the reader to send claims from the politician whose affirmatives are being checked.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We will review an article as many times as necessary and rectify it or make the corrections or updates if required. The time it takes will depend on the degree of verification, analysis and consultation with the sources involved in the article. We explain this here:

https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

In their About page, the applicant has a section dedicated to corrections. It is visible and clear.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Newtral
10-Nov-2021 (7 months ago)

We have added a specific page to show the reader in more detail how we process the Corrections and Updates policy. 

The new page is this: https://www.newtral.es/politica-rectificacion/

Also, it is linked through this: https://www.newtral.es/metodologia-transparencia/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The policy is clear in that it defines that errors will be dealt with, that data will be checked how many times deemed necessary, and that sources will be checked again if requests are made, which may demand more time. However, the policy could be clearer on what types of errors are covered and what types are not covered. This would make it clearer to the reader what can be expected when a request is made, and how it will be handled. The policy could also be clearer on how exactly the correction will look like. A good reference from another applicant from the same country is Maldita's correction policy: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion


cancel 6.2 marked as Request change by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
10-Nov-2021 (7 months ago)

The policy is clear in that it defines that errors will be dealt with, that data will be checked how many times deemed necessary, and that sources will be checked again if requests are made, which may demand more time. After an update, the corrections policy is fully compliant. It details what types of errors are covered, how they are handled, and how corrections appear to the reader.


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

When we correct or modify an article, it is reflected in the text, on the subtitle, clearly noted, and also an explanatory text with the details and the reason of the modification, update or rectification. Here you can find two examples:

In a previous version of this article, it was not included that a clip of the video was published in 2015 and that it mentions the possible author of the action.

https://www.newtral.es/cuba-asesinato-tiroteo-masivo-video-bulo/20210716/

In a first version of this text we indicated that no senator has the institutional agenda published and therefore, they are not complying with the regulations because the Senate told Newtral.es that its non-publication depended on the parliamentary groups. Subsequently, several parties commented to Newtral.es that if they do not have the agenda uploaded in their profiles, it is because they do not have a section enabled on the Senate website. Information that was later confirmed, and the article, therefore, rectified.

https://www.newtral.es/senadores-agenda-reglamento-obligatorio/20210531/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has produced two instances where articles have been corrected. In both, the same procedure was followed: the main text was corrected, there is a visible mark near the title stating that a correction was made, and a short explanation was added on the footer of the article, detailing what was corrected and why. Both corrections are clear and transparent, and the policy was adhered to.


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant displays the IFCN banner in their about page, explaining what the IFCN is and linking to the Code of Principles. The same section also features a link to the Complaints Policy of the IFCN.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Newtral
04-Oct-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
03-Nov-2021 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The Corrections Policy of the applicant also refers to the parent company, since they exist in the same webpage. It is not specific to the fact checking operation.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.