Maldito Bulo

Organization: Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
Applicant: Clara Jiménez Cruz
Assessor: Ramón Salaverría
Conclusion and recommendations
on 07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Ramón Salaverría wrote:

Considering the evidences provided below, the assessment of Maldito Bulo’s compliance of the code of principles is as follows:

1. Organization

Criterion #1.1 – Complete compliance

Criterion #1.2 – Complete compliance

2. Nonpartisanship and fairness

Criterion #2.1 – Complete compliance

Criterion #2.2 – Complete compliance

3. Transparency of sources

Criterion #3.1 – Complete compliance

4. Transparency of funding and of organization

Criterion #4.1 – Complete compliance

Criterion #4.2 – Complete compliance

Criterion #4.3 – Complete compliance

5. Transparency of methodology

Criterion #5.1 – Complete compliance

Criterion #5.2 – Complete compliance

6. Open and honest corrections policy

Criterion #6.1 – Complete compliance

According to this assessment, the recommendation to the IFCN board is:

• Accept

on 07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Ramón Salaverría recommended Accept


Section 1: Organization

Criterion 1a
Proof of registration
Evidence required: Please provide evidence that the signatory is a legally-registered organization set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking or the distinct fact-checking project of a recognized media house or research institution.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Maldito Bulo is a verfication section of a broader journalism project called Maldita.es.

Maldito Bulo ("Damned Hoax") serves the sole purpose of debunking disinformation pieces and is a registered brand under the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office

http://consultas2.oepm.es/ceo/jsp/busqueda/consultaExterna.xhtml?numExp=M3689626

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Maldito Bulo (‘Damned Hoax’) is the fact-checking section of the Spanish independent website Maldita.es, created in 2014. Maldito Bulo is a legally registered organization, owned by two journalists, Clara Jiménez Cruz and Julio Montes, who lead a team of collaborators currently formed by half a dozen people.


done_all 1a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 1b
Archive
Evidence required: Insert a link to the archive of fact checks published in the previous three months. If you do not collect all fact checks in one place, please explain how the fact-checking is conducted by your organization.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)
Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Maldito Bulo publishes fact-checks, based exclusively on their accuracy, about a wide range of topics and people. It does so on a regular basis; currently, nearly one a day and sometimes even more frequently. Since the launch of this fact-checking section in 2017, more than 40 fake or unconfirmed news have been checked.


done_all 1b marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Section 2: Nonpartisanship and Fairness

Criterion 2a
Body of work sample
Evidence required: Please share links to ten fact checks that better represent the scope and consistency of your fact-checking. Provide a short explanation of how your organization strives to maintain coherent standards across fact checks.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

We verify claims using the same standard for every piece. We do not concentrate our fact-checking on any one side, since we have a process in which we rank the viralization of disinformation according to its spread on social media together with the reports of our community. We follow the same process on every issue and search for the necessary data to debunk a piece of misinformation no matter who it may benefit. We do not take policy positions on the issues we fact-check. This has been especially significant on the Catalonian process, in which we have debunked pro- independence pieces and pro-government pieces throughout the whole process. Here are some examples:

https://maldita.es/bulo/los-bulos-de-las-falsas-tarjetas-censales-en-las-elecciones-catalanas/

https://maldita.es/bulo/no-las-e-mpresas-que-han-salido-de-cataluna-no-estan-exentas-de-pagar-impuestos-durante-dos-anos/

https://maldita.es/bulo/no-el-gobierno-de-estonia-no-ha-apoyado-la-autodeterminacion-de-cataluna/

https://maldita.es/maldito-bulo/los-bulos-de-zoido-en-su-comparecencia-sobre-el-1-o/

https://maldita.es/bulo/no-la-ilustracion-de-los-paisos-catalans-que-enseno-albert-rivera-en-el-congreso-no-es-un-libro-de-texto-catalan/

https://maldita.es/bulo/no-los-bomberos-de-vic-no-han-colocado-una-pancarta-a-favor-de-los-presos/

We have also debunked disinformation pieces that harmed different politicians, regardless of the political party they belonged to:

Partido Popular: https://maldita.es/bulo/no-el-tuit-de-casado-afirmando-que-prefiere-mil-corruptos-en-el-pp-a-puigdemont-o-mas-no-es-real/

PSOE: https://maldita.es/bulo/no-la-mujer-de-pedro-sanchez-no-es-la-directora-general-de-oxfam-intermon/

Podemos: https://maldita.es/bulo/no-rita-maestre-no-deseo-que-eta-hubiera-matado-mas-guardia-civiles/

Ciudadanos: https://maldita.es/bulo/no-ines-arrimadas-no-ha-pedido-no-sacar-la-bandera-preconstitucional-delante-de-periodistas/

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

According to the evidences provided by Maldito Bulo in its application to

IFCN, and the analysis of their fact-checks made for this assessment, I conclude That this service covers a variety of subjects or speakers in a fairly balanced way. It is noteworthy that Maldito Bulo selects the news to be checked based on a process that ranks unconfirmed news according to their spread level on social media, as well as based on the picks of their supporting community.


done_all 2a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 2b
Nonpartisanship policy
Evidence required: Please share evidence of your policy preventing staff from direct involvement in political parties and advocacy organizations. Please also indicate the policy your organization has as a whole regarding advocacy and supporting political candidates.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

"NEUTRALITY POLICY

In Maldita.es we believe that the neutrality and non-partisanship of our journalistic content is essential to maintain our credibility and the trust of our community. Therefore, although the members of our team can participate in social and political events individually, they will never do so in the name of Maldita.es. We understand that, as members of civil society, team members can take sides on political issues as long as they do so on their behalf and not on behalf of the project. In addition, if a member of the team accepts some type of position within a political party that would mean their immediate disengagement from the project. In the same way, if there is a conflict of interest between a member of the team and a journalistic issue, that member will be removed from the management of that specific issue to protect the honesty and credibility of the contents of Maldita.es."

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Based on the same evidences indicated above as well as in its neutrality policy, I conclude that Maldito Bulo does not, in any way, advocate in favor or against any electoral candidate. The policy determines that if a member of the team accepts some type of position within a political party, they will disengage immediately from the project. Also, if there is a conflict of interest between a member of the team and a news story to be fact-checked, that member will be removed from the management of that specific issue.


done_all 2b marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Section 3: Transparency of Sources

Criterion 3a
Sources Policy
Please share a brief and public explanation (500 words max) of how sources are provided in enough detail that readers could replicate the fact check. If you have a public policy on how you find and use sources for your fact-checking, it should be shared here.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

In order to verify a piece of misinformation, unless it is directly related to a technical process, we publish the answers of our sources and always cite and identify them. Our source policy is public and available on our web: https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/

“All sources are identified and cited. If to debunk a misinformation Maldito Bulo required of a source that does not want to be identified, then it won’t be able to debunk such disinformation.

Anonymous sources are used by Maldito Bulo to acquire a necessary context to reach certain data that will lead to a qualified debunk, but in no case are they valid to mount the final denial.

In addition, all denials carried out by third parties, projects or media will be duly cited.”

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

In its fact-checks, Maldito Bulo provides regularly links to reliable sources of

data, as the readers can check by themselves the truthfulness of the analyses.The sources used to back these analyses are trustworthy and accessible.


done_all 3a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Section 4: Transparency of Funding & Organization

Criterion 4a
Funding Sources
Evidence required: Please link to the section where you publicly list your sources of funding (including, if they exist, any rules around which types of funding you do or don't accept), or a statement on ownership if you are the branch of an established media organization or research institution.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Currently we do not have any funding, therefore, we do not list it. All the journalistic work is done pro bono, while the only person that earns a salary is the engineer. His salary is paid with the money we earn collaborating with different media (laSexta, Onda Cero, eldiario.es). This information is available on our website: https://maldita.es/quienes-somos/

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

By the time of writing this assessment, Maldito Bulo does not have any funding. The heads of the project work as professional journalists for other media, which allow them to work pro bono at this fact-checking project. This altruistic behavior extends to the rest of collaborators. The website does not have any kind of sponsorship, nor advertising.


done_all 4a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 4b
Staff
Evidence required: Please link to the section detailing all authors and key actors behind your fact-checking project with their biographies. You can also list the name and bios of the members of the editorial board, pool of experts, advisory board, etc. if your organization has those.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)
Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

A detailed list of founders and collaborators is available on the website, providing a short bio and a photo of all of them.


done_all 4b marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 4c
Contact
Evidence required: Please link to the section where readers can get in touch with the organization.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

There isn't a specific link. You can find it at the bottom o our webpage or in the rectification policy: https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Readers can send easily their comments or corrections to Maldito Bulo thanks to a contact email (contacto@maldita.es) easily reachable at the bottom of the website. In addition to that, Maldito Bulo shows a very open disposition to interact on social media (Twitter and Facebook) with the readers.


done_all 4c marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Section 5: Transparency of Methodology

Criterion 5a
Detailed Methodology
Evidence required: Please link to a section or article detailing the steps you follow for your fact-checking work.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)
Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

Maldito Bulo explains clearly its fact-checking methodology. This methodology is clear and reliable.


done_all 5a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 5b
Claim submissions
Evidence required: Please link to the page or process through which readers can submit claims to fact-check. If you do not allow this, please briefly explain why.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

There is no direct link. Since we mainly work on social media, readers can submit misinformation pieces through our open messages in Facebook and Twitter. They can also report disinformation through our Google and Firefox extension and when looking something up on our database if they don’t find it a dialogue box opens allowing you to report it.

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

The fact-checking methodology provides details of how the sources are selected and how rectification policy works.


done_all 5b marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Section 6: Open & Honest Corrections Policy

Criterion 6a
Corrections policy
Evidence required: Please link to the page with your policy to address corrections. If it is not public, please share your organization's handbook.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

It's at the end of our methodology page under the title of "Rectification policy": https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

As indicated above, Maldito Bulo’s fact-checking methodology explains how rectification policy works. This policy declares a strong commitment to transparency.


done_all 6a marked as Fully compliant by Ramón Salaverría.

Criterion 6b
Examples of corrections
Evidence required: Please provide two examples of a correction made, or correction requests handled, in the past year.

Maldito Bulo. Maldita.es
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

We haven’t had to make any corrections in the past year. We’ve had requests from readers to explain how we had arrived to certain conclusions but most of the times they had to do with readers taking political position towards our debunk. For example, when we explained what we knew of a viral picture of children on a highway rallying or when we explained how votes are counted on an election debunking the claim that a certain tech company is the one counting ballots.

Ramón Salaverría Assessor
07-Jun-2018 (6 months ago)

As indicated above, Maldito Bulo’s fact-checking methodology explains how rectification policy works. This policy declares a strong commitment to transparency.


done 6b marked as Partially compliant by Ramón Salaverría.