The IFCN welcomes new applications to its Code of Principles beginning Jan. 16, 2024. Our website is currently under renovation, so new signatories should begin the application process by emailing their interest to info@ifcn.org with "New Signatory" in the subject line.

Maldita.es

Organization: Maldita.es .
Applicant: Clara Jiménez Cruz
Assessor: Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura
Assessor: Anabella Costache
Assessor: Anabella Costache

Background

Maldita.es is an IFCN signatory since 2018 and also a verified member of the European Fact-checking Standards Network (EFCSN) since June 2023. Clara Jiménez Cruz, co-founder and CEO, is an Ashoka fellow since 2019, she's a member of the IFCN Advisory Board and the chair of the EFCSN. 

Maldita.es was created in 2018 and ever since it has been the main fact checking platform in Spain, with a prominent role in an increasingly polarized society. 

Assessment Conclusion

The applicant continues to be compliant to the IFCN Code of Principles.  

on 24-Jul-2023 (7 months ago)

Anabella Costache assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

Desde su creación en 2018, Maldita.es ha ido siendo un punto de referencia a nivel europeo para los efuerzos de lucha contra la desinformación y de alfabetización mediática. No cabe duda de que Maldita.es sigue actuando en línea con los principios del Código IFCN y de que juega un papel muy importante en el combate contra la desinformación tanto en la sociedad española como a nivel europeo e internacional. 

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Maldita.es is a non-profit foundation dedicated to fact-checking. Currently the media outlet is registered and working with two legal entities:

ASOCIACION MALDITA CONTRA LA DESINFORMACIÓN: PERIODISMO, EDUCACIÓN, INVESTIGACIÓN Y DATOS EN NUEVOS FORMATOS. Registered in the Registro Nacional de Asociaciones: Sección: 1• 1 under the number 616385 and Tax registration number is G88206487.

FUNDACION MALDITA.ES CONTRA LA DESINFORMACIÓN: PERIODISMO, EDUCACIÓN, INVESTIGACIÓN Y DATOS EN NUEVOS FORMATOS. Registered in the Registro de Fundaciones of the Justice Minister of Spain with the scripture number 3409 and 2255 and Tax registration number is G88519038.

Both legal entities continue to coexist, due to the impossibility of definitively closing the association due to commitments and projects contracted prior to the registration of the foundation.a

The Foundation has a board of trustees made up of Clara Jiménez Cruz, Julio Montes, Eva Garzón, Javier Gómez and the association represented by Ignacio Calle. Francisco Javier Cremades is the Secretary. The Foundation is registered in the Justice Ministry under the number 2330.

Our registered bylaws and our registration number are both on our website:

https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/

https://maldita.es/aviso-legal/ 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago)

The applicant is a legally registered organization. Details on their registration with the government are easily findable on their Legal Warnings page as well as on their revenues page. They have two legal entities, and both are detailed in their website.


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is linked to two legally registered organizations, an NGO and a foundation, and the information is easy to find of their webpage, including the registration documents. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is linked to two legally registered organizations, an NGO and a foundation, and the information is easy to find of their webpage, including the registration documents. 

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Maldita.es was legally founded on September 27, 2018 under the name Maldita Association against disinformation: journalism, education, investigation and data in new formats Section: 1 • 1 National Number: 616385. The bylaws of the Association can be accessed here: https://es.scribd.com/document/456561523/Estatutos-Asociacion-Maldita?secret_password=bp7WTxz558QDs4w9AV7z 

Before 2018 Maldita was already an operating fact-checker but we didn’t have a legal entity: we were a group of journalists dedicated to a project in our spare time.

In the quest for Maldita.es to be transparent and supervised by civil society in November 2020 Maldita.es is also registered as The Maldita.es Foundation against disinformation: journalism, education, research and data in new formats. Our bylaws for the foundation can be accessed here: https://es.scribd.com/document/456562725/ESTATUTOS-FUNDACIO-N-MALDITA-ES

Maldita.es’ operations started as a non-profit media outlet to fight disinformation and promote transparency through fact-checking and data journalism techniques. Its main mission is to provide citizens with tools, technology and information that allows them to build informed opinions and make informed choices.

Currently 34 people work for Maldita.es either full, part time, as external collaborators or as interns:

Direction: CEO, Director and Deputy Director

Maldito Bulo (debunking): Coordinator and 4 journalists

Maldito Dato (political fact-checking): Coordinator and 2 journalists

Maldita Ciencia (science and health): Coordinator and 3 journalists

Maldita Migration (migration): 1 journalist

Maldito Feminismo (gender): 1 journalist

Maldita Hemeroteca (archive): 1 journalist

Community: 1 coordinator, 1 community manager and 1 graphic designer

Projects: 1 projects and impact coordinator, 1 projects and impact assistant and 1 editorial projects coordinator

Maldita Tecnología (Technology): 1 journalist

Maldita Educa (Media literacy): 1 coordinator and 2 technicians

Technology: 2 developers

Administration: 1 accountant and 1 external advisor

Public Policy: 1 coordinator

Academic Research: 1 coordinator

Maldita.es is divided into sections which target specific themes and audiences: 

Maldito Bulo dedicated to fact-check digital misinformation selected through crowdsourcing techniques https://maldita.es/malditobulo/

Maldito Dato dedicated to fact-checking political discourse with data journalism techniques, journalistic investigation using resources to access public information, and promoting government transparency. https://maldita.es/malditodato/

Maldita Hemeroteca dedicated to verify political speech using archive resources. https://maldita.es/malditahemeroteca/

Maldita Ciencia dedicated to the scientific dissemination and fact-check of topics related to health, food, physics, chemistry or any topic related to science. https://maldita.es/malditaciencia/

Maldita Tecnología uses journalism, tools and education to answer questions about privacy, data usage, technology ethics and digital rights. https://maldita.es/malditatecnologia/

Maldita Migración verifies misinformation around migrants and hate speech. https://migracion.maldita.es/

Maldito Feminismo fact-checks misinformation around gender issues. https://feminismo.maldita.es/

Maldita Te Explica is our section dedicated to explainers about politics and current events in general https://maldita.es/maldita-te-explica/

Maldita Educa is our media literacy project which develops and creates educational content on critical thinking and fact-checking https://educa.maldita.es/

This year we have a project on nutrition and scientific dissemination and fact-checking of topics related to food called Maldita Alimentación https://alimentacion.maldita.es/

In the last year we also hired a Public Policy and Institutional Development Coordination to advise regulators on how to fight misinformation. These efforts also are related to the creation of an Academic Research Coordination that allows the organization to create alliances with academics and researchers that study disinformation in order to create knowledge that enables Maldita.es better understand disinformation phenomena in orden to make decisions based on facts and data. In the non editorial side of the organization we also have a Technological Development Team that creates tools that helps our fact-checking operations and provides better services to users.

In the coming year we plan to get much more involved in advising regulators on how to fight misinformation: we acknowledge that one of the risks that the current situation has is the fact that a bad internet regulation willing to tackle misinformation can damage freedom of speech and democracy as a whole and that our expertise should be put to service to prevent that since a Digital Services Act is currently being debated in the EU. 

We want to continue investing on developing technological tools that can help our fact-checking operations and others in the battle against misinformation and we also want to partner with researchers and incorporate academic profiles to our operation in order to conduct investigations using all the data around misinformation that we have gathered throughout the years. Our aim is also to reach a better coordination with other European and Spanish speaking fact-checkers to cooperate in amplifying fact-checking reach in general. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago)

The applicant was founded with the clear purpose of working with fact-checking. It was established as a legal entity in 2018, and a Foundation with the same purpose was created in November 2020. They have grown their team to 34, counting full time, part time, collaborators and interns. Their main activity is the fact checking unit, but other sections, in the same websites, publish journalistic content on science, tech, gender, explanatories, among others. They are planning on expanding the fight against misinformation, in terms of technology and public policy. They are fully compliant.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The two organizations are exclusively dedicated to the purpose of fact-checking and countering disinformation. The members of the team and their specific roles in the organizations are clearly disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/ 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The two organizations are exclusively dedicated to the purpose of fact-checking and countering disinformation. The members of the team and their specific roles in the organizations are clearly disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/ 

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

We divide our fact-checking operation in three different main branches:

- Maldito Bulo, our debunking section: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/

- Maldito Dato, our political fact-checking section: https://maldita.es/malditodato/

- Maldita Ciencia: https://maldita.es/malditaciencia/

Furthermore, we have sections for specific topics that we feel need attention, although any fact-check listed in them will also be in the general section and responds to the specific methodology:

- Maldita Migración: https://migracion.maldita.es/

- Maldito Feminismo: https://feminismo.maldita.es/

- Maldito Alimentación: https://alimentacion.maldita.es/

We publish an average of 7 articles a day of which at least 3 are fact-checks.     

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant meets and surpasses the minimum amount required of fact checks. They publish daily, with several checks on the same day. This rhythm of publication is constant.


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has been publishing more than an average of one fact check a week in the last six months and also prior to 2022-11-23, the date of the latest application.

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant has been publishing more than an average of one fact check a week in the last six months and also prior to 2022-11-23, the date of the latest application.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

All checks published by the applicant refer to issues of public importance. They tend to check claims around covid, immigration, natural incidents like the eruption of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, and politics.

All those topics are covered by checking and explaining issues in terms of its importance to the audience.


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

All the fact checks focus on topics of public interest such as: election disinformation (related to the general elections taking place in Spain on July 23 2023), migration and migrants (regarding migrants living in Spain or France, Ukrainian refugees), public spending, health, gender based discrimination and climate change.  

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

All the fact checks focus on topics of public interest such as: election disinformation (related to the general elections taking place in Spain on July 23 2023), migration and migrants (regarding migrants living in Spain or France, Ukrainian refugees), public spending, health, gender based discrimination and climate change.  

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

All our commercial, financial and institucional relationships are public. Every year we publish our accounts, you can see our 2020 balance sheets here: 

Association: https://maldita.es/uploads/public/docs/balance_asociacion_maldita_2020.pdf

Foundation: https://maldita.es/uploads/public/docs/balance_fundacion_maldita_2020.pdf

We also publish a breakdown of our income and budget in our web: 

https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/

Through our Public Policy and Institutional Affairs office we talk to state officials and political parties regularly both at a National and European level. Our aim is to provide regulators with the best evidence and academic research available around misinformation together with assisting them through our expertise for a better understanding of the problem. We also publish position papers and quarterly reports that can be found here: https://maldita.es/politicas-publicas-desarrollo-institucional

We do have a commercial relationship with some local and regional governments for Media literacy courses and disinformation alert systems which don’t represent more than 2% of our 2021 annual budget and have been announced publicly on our site: https://maldita.es/nosotros/20201128/maldita-es-colaborara-con-la-junta-de-andalucia-para-luchar-contra-la-desinformacion-mediante-un-servicio-de-deteccion-temprana/

In 2021, Maldita.es has received 2 grants from public resources (Spain and the European Union) none of them are directly related to our fact-checking operation: they cover aside specific and predefined projects around technology understanding, research and media literacy. All of this projects have been publicly communicated on our website:

- Iberifier, a regional observatory on disinformation: https://maldita.es/nosotros/20210503/malditaes-miembro-iberifier-observatorio-desinformacion-espana-portugal-comision-europea/

- FECYT and Maldita Educa: support to build a media literacy repository https://maldita.es/nosotros/20210729/Maldita_Educa_gana_beca_Fecyt_herramientas_contra_desinformacion/  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Although the applicant does have some sources of revenue connected to government programs, they are transparent about these programs, and they do not represent influences in the applicant's coverage.

They earn revenue from media literacy courses for local and regional governments, but that account for only 2% of their budget. They have also advised state official at the national and European level, but only regarding public policy por disinformation (their work in this sense can be found here https://maldita.es/politicas-publicas-desarrollo-institucional).

Finally, they have received 2 grants from public officials in 2021 to fight disinformation and spread Media Literacy, but that is tied to specific projects.

Overall, there isn't political influence from state actors in their output.


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is fully transparent regarding their sources of funding: https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/

The applicant explains clearly in the application that the editorial independence is not affected by any relationship with Spanish public institutions and political actors. Moreover, the applicant's policy of neutrality is published on its website: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/ 

Although the applicant receives grants from Spanish public institutions, the amount accounts for a minor percentage and it does not affect its editorial independence. For instance, in 2022, Maldita.es provided fact checking services to the Andalusian Regional Government (Junta de Andalucía) consisting in monitoring social media and other media outlets through which disinformation could be disseminated. 

In 2022, most of funding came from contracts with Facebook and WhatsApp for fact-checking services and from grants from the European Union. 

Concluding, the applicant is transparent regarding the sources of income and its editorial work is independent.

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is fully transparent regarding their sources of funding: https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/

The applicant explains clearly in the application that the editorial independence is not affected by any relationship with Spanish public institutions and political actors. Moreover, the applicant's policy of neutrality is published on its website: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/ 

Although the applicant receives grants from Spanish public institutions, the amount accounts for a minor percentage and it does not affect its editorial independence. For instance, in 2022, Maldita.es provided fact checking services to the Andalusian Regional Government (Junta de Andalucía) consisting in monitoring social media and other media outlets through which disinformation could be disseminated. 

In 2022, most of funding came from contracts with Facebook and WhatsApp for fact-checking services and from grants from the European Union. 

Concluding, the applicant is transparent regarding the sources of income and its editorial work is independent.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago)

All our income sources are listed and deeply explained and with additional information on links in our website: https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/

Furthermore, we have a neutrality policy that applies to all the members of the team and we specify in all our projects and contracts that the editorial decisions depend only on us and are driven by our methodologies. Here you can find our neutrality policy: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

In their Revenue page, the applicant explains transparently all their sources. Also, they have a clear statement of neutrality, where they ensure that Maldita is neutral, has no influence from political parties, and that political positions of their staff is separate from positions of the company.


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The policy of neutrality, including the ethical code signed by each member of the team, clearly explains how the applicant keeps its editorial independence: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The policy of neutrality, including the ethical code signed by each member of the team, clearly explains how the applicant keeps its editorial independence: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

MALDITO BULO

We verify claims using the same standard for every piece. We do not concentrate our fact-checking on any one side, since we have a process in which we rank the viralization of disinformation according to its spread on social media together with the reports of our community. We follow the same process on every issue and search for the necessary data to debunk a piece of misinformation no matter who it may benefit. We do not take policy positions on the issues we fact-check. We decide what to fact-check first considering virality and dangerosity to public health, social peace, etc. Here are some examples:

No, Pedro Sánchez y su familia no se han ido de vacaciones a Doñana ni el fin de semana previo ni durante Semana Santa

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210405/pedro-sanchez-familia-vacaciones-semana-santa-donana-marzo/

No, Pablo Iglesias no cobrará 120.000 € al año por haber sido vicepresidente del Gobierno al dejar el cargo ni una “indemnización millonaria” y cada vez que dimite un ministro el BOE lo anuncia como “cese”

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210410/pablo-iglesias-120000-ano-cargo-vicepresidente-indemnizacion-millonaria-boe-cese/

No, el "casoplón" que aparece en esta foto no es de Santiago Abascal: es de Messi

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210712/casoplon-santiago-abascal-vox-1300000-euros/

No, este documento de Quirónsalud que dice que Salvador Illa dio positivo por COVID-19 el 6 de febrero no es real

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210212/illa-positivo-covid-coronavirus-quironsalud-alvise-pcr-psc/

No, el Tribunal de Cuentas no está investigando a Juanma Moreno por corrupción valorada en 1,7 millones de euros

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20200831/tribunal-cuentas-investigando-juanma-moreno-corrupcion-17-millones-euros/

No, el cartel de Laura Borràs de Junts per Catalunya no ha sido retirado de una farola de Barcelona por el “color político” o por “censura política”

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210210/cartel-junts-per-catalunya-barcelona/

No, esta foto de Díaz Ayuso tocando una obra de arte con un cartel de 'No tocar' no es real: es un montaje y el autor invita a tocar la obra

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210117/meme-ayuso-no-tocar-arco/

No, no hay pruebas de que Yolanda Díaz viajase a Galicia en Semana Santa

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210506/yolanda-diaz-viaje-galicia-semana-santa/

No hay pruebas de que Ángel Gabilondo diese una paliza a un alumno delante de 50 personas en el Colegio Sagrado Corazón de Jesús de la Avenida Alfonso XIII de Madrid "allá por los años 1971 a 1973"

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210501/carta-supuesto-exalumno-angel-gabilondo-paliza-colegio/

¿Qué sabemos de los tickets de Correos en los que atribuye 'votos emitidos' a personas que envían un paquete o una carta?

https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210430/tickets-correos-atribuye-votos-emitidos-paquete-carta/

MALDITO DATO

We verify political claims using the same standards for every piece. We do not concentrate our fact-checking on any one side but do not generate a false balance either: We listen approximately to the same amount of time from each political party and publish only fact-checks which are false or need further context. Here are some examples:

Es falso que en "las primeras semanas" de la primera ola del coronavirus en España se hicieran "una media de 30.000 PCR diarias" como dice Pedro Sánchez

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20201026/falso-primeras-semanas-primera-ola-coronavirus-espana-hiciera-30000-pcr-diarias-dice-pedro-sanchez/

Es falso que el PP haya pedido "a la Junta Electoral que anule" la candidatura de Pablo Iglesias a la presidencia de la Comunidad de Madrid como afirma el propio Iglesias

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210323/pp-denuncia-junta-electoral-video-iglesias-anular-candidatura-comunidad-madrid/

Es falso que Pedro Sánchez dijera "en un medio italiano que no quería pactar nada con el PP" como dice Pablo Casado

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20200722/pedro-sanchez-reconocio-medio-comunicacion-italia-nunca-planteado-acuerdo-pp-pablo-casado/

Es falso que nadie de Vox haya visto nunca a Steve Bannon como dice Espinosa de los Monteros

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20200915/falso-nadie-vox-visto-nunca-steve-bannon-espinosa-monteros/

Es falso que Ciudadanos no esté "en ningún gobierno" con Vox como dice Inés Arrimadas

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210211/falso-ciudadanos-ningun-gobierno-vox-arrimadas/

Es falso que la Ley General de Presupuestos del Estado sea una "ley orgánica" como dice Carmen Calvo

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20200901/ley-presupuestos-organica-mayoria-carmen-calvo/

Es falso que Pedro Sánchez dijera que el "70% de la población" estaría vacunada "antes del verano" como dice Teodoro García Egea

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210720/pedro-sanchez-70-poblacion-vacunada-antes-verano-teodoro-garcia-egea/

Es falso que "el 40% de los contagios de España" por coronavirus "se dan en Madrid" como dice Mónica García

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210330/40-por-ciento-contagios-coronavirus-madrid-monica-garcia/

Es falso que Santiago Abascal "cerró" la Fundación para el Mecenazgo y el Patrocinio Social "precisamente porque era un chiringuito" como dice Rocío Monasterio

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210424/rocio-monasterio-vox-abascal-cerro-fundacion-mecenazgo-patrocinio-por-chiringuito/

Es falso que "el índice digital de la Comisión Europea" sitúe a Cataluña "en el TOP 5 de los países más digitales de Europa" como dice el consejero de la Generalitat Jordi Puigneró

https://maldita.es/malditodato/20200721/falso-indice-digital-comision-europea-situe-cataluna-top5-paises-mas-digitales-europa-como-dice-jordi-puignero-generalitat/

MALDITA CIENCIA

Since September 2020, we have implemented a public methodology also in Maldita Ciencia. We verify claims about health and scientific issues using the same standards for every piece. Our work is based on the search and explanation of scientific literature and on the consultation of experts who help us by providing context and information from their respective scientific branches. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

After a thorough review of dozens of fact checks from the applicant, both provided by them and chosen at random, it was observed that they are indeed non-partisan. Claims covered cover the political spectrum. Equivalent claims are analyzed using the same standards. The process is the same, which is based on describing the claim, looking for reliable, official (when applicable), on the record information, and then exposing this clearly to the audience. The use of evidence is serious and guide the conclusions of the checks.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Regardless the topic addressed or the political orientation of the main character of the story, the applicant uses the same fact checking methodology and has an objective approach, using high standards of fact checking based on evidence. This is verifiable both in the selection of fact checks provided by the applicant and a random selection of fact checks. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Regardless the topic addressed or the political orientation of the main character of the story, the applicant uses the same fact checking methodology and has an objective approach, using high standards of fact checking based on evidence. This is verifiable both in the selection of fact checks provided by the applicant and a random selection of fact checks. 

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

MALDITO BULO

Our Maldito Bulo methodology is public in this link: https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/

We select what we are going to debunk based on two variables:

Virality: It is measured according to reports from our community and virality on social networks, specially WhatsApp, but also includes Twitter, Facebook and Instagram or if it is broadcast by a public figure or on a web page or media with public reach. We will not publish a denial of a hoax that has had practically no impact in order not to amplify it, except in dangerous situations.

Dangerousness: there are hoaxes that appear in particularly delicate crisis situations such as attacks or natural catastrophes, those that affect public health or social coexistence, which we will try to stop from the first moment we detect them.

MALDITO DATO

Our Maldito Dato methodology is public in this link:

https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-dato/

The Maldito Dato team monitors the statements of Spanish politicians made publicly, that is, through the media, at events or through social networks. We do not concentrate our fact-checking on any one side but do not generate a false balance either: we listen approximately to the same amount of time from each political party and publish only fact-checks which are false or need further context.

The selection of the statements or messages that are verified is carried out through a weighting system that is based on the viralization of the statement itself or on the possible political or social repercussions it may have. We only check figures or statements based on alleged facts or statistics, not opinions.

MALDITA CIENCIA

Our Maldita Ciencia methodology is public in this link: https://www.maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldita-ciencia

The Maldita Ciencia team is focused on the debunk or dissemination of scientific literature and experts that provide context and more information. This methodology is clear on the publication date of our articles, because scientific knowledge can change.

To select the topics to be debunk or explained are selected based on the same criteria applied on the Maldito Bulo methodology: virality and dangerousness.

Due to the specific characteristics of the contents from Maldita Ciencia we also defined 4 categories to indicate the type of content: hoax, no evidence, false affirmations and divulgation.

The edition process will involve three levels: first the journalist, then the section coordinator, and finally a senior editor. In the case of food topics published in our independent section Maldita Alimentación, we also count with an advisor board that ensures our quality and rigor.  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant has three methodologies published in their website: one regarding Maldito Bulo, the general fact-checking initiative, another concerning Maldito Dato, the political verification unit, and one related to Maldita Ciencia, the science fact checking team.

All three follow the same general guidance of choosing claims based on social importance and reach, as well as non-partisanship.

The three sections are thorough and explain choice of claims and methodologies clearly. In Maldito Bulo, Virality and Danger are the two main points driving choice. In Maldito Dato, claims are chosen based on virality and social importance, but only concerning spanish political agents. They have also the general posture of only publishing claims with a False result. Finally, Maldita Ciencia follows the same general orientation for choosing claims, but they responsibly warn that scientific consensus is sometimes difficult to observe, and that science is mutable.


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant makes statements on its website about how the claims checked are selected and the fact checking methodology for three types of claims: ''maldito bulto'' - for general fact checking (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/), "maldito dato" - for public declarations of politicians  (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-dato/) and "maldita ciencia" - for scientific topics (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldita-ciencia/). 

As explained in the application, the main factors taken into consideration when choosing the claims are virality and situated dangerousness (the impact of a claim in a certain social, economical and political context). 

Compared to the fact checks selected by the applicant or random fact checks, these criteria are being respected and the selection of claims is indeed done according to their reach and importance. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant makes statements on its website about how the claims checked are selected and the fact checking methodology for three types of claims: ''maldito bulto'' - for general fact checking (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/), "maldito dato" - for public declarations of politicians  (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldito-dato/) and "maldita ciencia" - for scientific topics (https://maldita.es/metodologia-de-maldita-ciencia/). 

As explained in the application, the main factors taken into consideration when choosing the claims are virality and situated dangerousness (the impact of a claim in a certain social, economical and political context). 

Compared to the fact checks selected by the applicant or random fact checks, these criteria are being respected and the selection of claims is indeed done according to their reach and importance. 

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant is transparent on the nature of the sources used to verify a claim, so the reader can be mindful of their nature. This can be seen in this check: https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210323/pp-denuncia-junta-electoral-video-iglesias-anular-candidatura-comunidad-madrid/

Besides, the applicant putz sources in context, in order to better understand the issues at play.


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The reader can easily identify the sources used for the fact check and draw his own conclusions regarding any interests that might influence the conclusion of the fact check. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The reader can easily identify the sources used for the fact check and draw his own conclusions regarding any interests that might influence the conclusion of the fact check. 

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant is balanced and does not show support for any political party or position. They do influence the debate in terms of fighting misinformation, which work is detailed here https://maldita.es/politicas-publicas-desarrollo-institucional. Their work on fact checking reflects their independence


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant makes proof of objectivity even during political campaign for general elections. Their social media activity also supports this argument, addressing diverse topics of public interest, using the same standards of quality and the same fact checking methodology. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant makes proof of objectivity even during political campaign for general elections. Their social media activity also supports this argument, addressing diverse topics of public interest, using the same standards of quality and the same fact checking methodology. 

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

We have a public neutrality policy that applies to the whole organization and can be checked here: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad

"At Maldita.es we believe that the neutrality and non-partisanship of the journalistic contents that we carry out is essential to maintain our credibility and the trust of our community.

Therefore, although members of our team can participate in social and political events individually, they will never do so in the name of Maldita.es.

We understand that, as members of civil society, team members can take sides on political issues as long as they do so on their behalf and not on behalf of the organization. In addition, if a member of the team accepts some type of position within a political party that would mean their immediate disengagement from the project.

In the same way, if there is a conflict of interest between a member of the team and a journalistic issue, that member would be separated from the management of that specific topic to protect the honesty and credibility of the contents of Maldita.es.”  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant displays a Neutrality Policy both for the outlet and their staff. However, when it pertains to their staff, the policy does allow for their journalists to participate in protests or voice their political positions publicly, so long as they do so on their behalf, and not on the applicant's. The policy also states that individuals that have a conflict of interest with a journalistic issue are removed from the coverage.

A review of a random set of social media feeds from the team demonstrated that journalists do tend to refrain from political positions on social media.


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The policy of neutrality if disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

The applicant has a clear position regarding personal opinions of its staff and the need to remain non-partisan in their journalistic endeavor. This statement is also supported by the code of ethics of the organization. 

A review of the social media profiles of the main figures of the organization also show that the team members don't have public positions supporting certain politicians. 


Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The policy of neutrality if disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/politica-de-neutralidad/

The applicant has a clear position regarding personal opinions of its staff and the need to remain non-partisan in their journalistic endeavor. This statement is also supported by the code of ethics of the organization. 

A review of the social media profiles of the main figures of the organization also show that the team members don't have public positions supporting certain politicians. 


Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant consistently identifies sources used in checks, using links whenever applicable. Sources may be documents, interviews with experts/government officials, or tools for checking digital information, but they are all named and linked to whenever possible.


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant discloses all relevant sources of information so that the reader can check himself the sources and the objectivity of the fact-check. Most of the sources are primary ones and they can be accessed digitally. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant discloses all relevant sources of information so that the reader can check himself the sources and the objectivity of the fact-check. Most of the sources are primary ones and they can be accessed digitally. 

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant usually employs first-hand sources. This means official documents, on the record quotes from officials and the opinion of experts. The persons involved in the claims are usually contacted. All sources are identified,  explained and linked to. The applicant is thorough in their use of sources.


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

In the randomised selection analyzed for the current assessment, the applicant uses mostly primary sources such as declarations, interviews, official documents, public data, photos or research papers. The primary sources used are usually the most relevant ones for the claim addressed. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

In the randomised selection analyzed for the current assessment, the applicant uses mostly primary sources such as declarations, interviews, official documents, public data, photos or research papers. The primary sources used are usually the most relevant ones for the claim addressed. 

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

When verifying a claim, the applicant usually employs more than one source, in order to check different parts of a claim. The sources are well identified and contextualized, as well as varied and balanced.

One example can be found in this check, where they combine different sources to construct the coverage: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210219/supuesta-frase-pablo-iglesias-hasel/, and also in this one: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210707/aerolineas-espana-rusia-recomendar-vacunados-covid-19-riesgo-trombos-vuelo/


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever possible and applicable, all the claims assessed are compared to more than one source consisting in declarations of all the involved parties, official documents, credible experts, verified photos, etc. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever possible and applicable, all the claims assessed are compared to more than one source consisting in declarations of all the involved parties, official documents, credible experts, verified photos, etc. 

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

This is not a common circumstance, but the applicant contextualizes sources and makes it clear when they have interests that may be relevant to the reader.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The sources are clearly contextualized so there is no risk of inducing the reader into error concerning the neutrality of the conclusions drawn. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The sources are clearly contextualized so there is no risk of inducing the reader into error concerning the neutrality of the conclusions drawn. 

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Maldita.es is an independent organization set up as a non profit association and a non profit foundation.

This are the association bylaws: 

https://es.scribd.com/document/456561523/Estatutos-Asociacion-Maldita?secret_password=bp7WTxz558QDs4w9AV7z

This are the foundation bylaws:

https://es.scribd.com/document/456562725/ESTATUTOS-FUNDACIO-N-MALDITA-ES  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant has two different legal entities: a foundation and an association. Both are regularly registered and relevant documents are displayed in their website. As for their sources of funding, they are clearly displayed in the section Accounts - https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos, with explanations and data from 2018 up to mid 2021.


done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is represented by two legal entities, a foundation and an NGO, as it is clearly disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/. 

All the sources of income, including those accounting for less that 5% of the total revenue are published and explained on their website: https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/


Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is represented by two legal entities, a foundation and an NGO, as it is clearly disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/. 

All the sources of income, including those accounting for less that 5% of the total revenue are published and explained on their website: https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/


Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

At Maldita.es we believe that transparency is essential, that is why every year we make our income and expense accounts public together with our yearly budget and every six months we update the current expenses and incomes. We also publish our bylaws. You can find everything here https://maldita.es/malditas-cuentas-de-donde-vienen-donde-van-nuestros-ingresos/ 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Legal status of the both legal entities are provided, as well as full registration of the sources of revenue, with their amounts and nature.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is an independent organization. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant is an independent organization. 

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

In this link, permanently updated, we make our values and missions public, along with the profile and position of each of the members of the Maldita.es team: https://maldita.es/quienes-somos/   

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant displays information about their team on a dedicated section of their webpage. All the team is displayed with headshots and function. Organizational structure is clear, as well as the persons who exercise editorial control.


done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The structure of the two legal entities are transparently presented on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/It is clearly explained who is part of the editorial and organizational structure.

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The structure of the two legal entities are transparently presented on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/transparencia-organizacion/It is clearly explained who is part of the editorial and organizational structure.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Although all the team’s biographies are updated on the previous link, we also set up a separate page linked on our methodologies explaining who are the editors that can vote fact-checks here: https://maldita.es/quienes-editores-con-voto-segun-la-metodologia-de-maldito-bulo  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The professional biographies of the professionals are displayed in two different parts. On the Team page, one can find names, bios, pictures, Twitter handles and responsibilities. Besides that, the seven members of the team who have a vote on the decisions of the results of a fact check have their bios displayed on a separate page, linked in the Methods section.


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The professional biographies of all the team members that play a role in the editorial output of the applicant are disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/quienes-editores-con-voto-segun-la-metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/https://maldita.es/quienes-somos

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The professional biographies of all the team members that play a role in the editorial output of the applicant are disclosed on the applicant's website: https://maldita.es/quienes-editores-con-voto-segun-la-metodologia-de-maldito-bulo/https://maldita.es/quienes-somos

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

All our strategy as an organization is related to talking back and forth with our audience. They can reach out to us on social media (where all our messages are open and accessible); they can write to us through our WhatsApp chatbot; they can send us direct e-mails (which are listed within the methodology but also at the bottom of the webpage); they can write to us on our App and they can also reach out through our plug-in. In addition, users are invited to send their fact-checking proposals through a specific section called La Buloteca in which they can work together with us in the debunking process: https://maldita.es/buloteca  

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant provides a few ways for the audience to get in touch with them. Twitter handles are available and linked to in the Methods section. They also have a WhatsApp bot where people can send claims to be checked. Finally, all social media links are displayed on the bottom of the page.

When a check was based on a request by WhatsApp, this is acknowledged upfront, as can be seem in the following example: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210410/pablo-iglesias-120000-ano-cargo-vicepresidente-indemnizacion-millonaria-boe-cese/


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Although the section mentioned in the application, La Buloteca, does not exist anymore, the applicant disposes of several communication channels through which the audience can get in contact with the editorial team. For instance, the applicant is reachable through WhatsApp and on all the social media platforms where it is present (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Telegram, Tik Tok, Youtube and LinkedIn). Moreover, the applicant has developed its own app through which the users can report suspect claims. 

As a suggestion, it would be useful for the applicant t have a dedicated section on their website where they explain all the communications means accessible to the users and which is the methodology used to address the claims sent by the users. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Although the section mentioned in the application, La Buloteca, does not exist anymore, the applicant disposes of several communication channels through which the audience can get in contact with the editorial team. For instance, the applicant is reachable through WhatsApp and on all the social media platforms where it is present (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Telegram, Tik Tok, Youtube and LinkedIn). Moreover, the applicant has developed its own app through which the users can report suspect claims. 

As a suggestion, it would be useful for the applicant t have a dedicated section on their website where they explain all the communications means accessible to the users and which is the methodology used to address the claims sent by the users. 

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago
Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Currently, the applicant has three methodology sections published. One is related to Maldito Bulo, the main fact checking team. Another is related to Maldito Dato, the political verification unit. Finally, the methods section of Maldita Ciencia concerns specifically the methodology of the Science fact checking team, assuming that science has specific worries and dynamics that grant it a separate team. However, all three methodologies are clear, transparent, and follow the same basic principles of social reach, basic evidence and journalistic judgment.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant publishes three types of fact checks: "maldito bulo", "maldito dato" and "maldita ciencia". Each type of fact check has its own methodology published on the website. 

Although the methodologies are clearly explained, we would suggest making a better distinction between "maldito bulo" and "maldito dato" since both sections often address political claims. 


Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant publishes three types of fact checks: "maldito bulo", "maldito dato" and "maldita ciencia". Each type of fact check has its own methodology published on the website. 

Although the methodologies are clearly explained, we would suggest making a better distinction between "maldito bulo" and "maldito dato" since both sections often address political claims. 


Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The claims checked and the topics covered by the applicant are chosen on the bases of social importance and virality. According to a review of randomized content, this aspect is respected in the published checks. The applicant contextualizes the claim, and, in the cases where virality is involved, this is explained to the reader.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

According to the methodologies of the applicant, the selection of the claims to be checked is made according to the level of reach and importance and this is also confirmed by the fact checks we assessed. The applicant selects, verifies and publishes mostly fact checks that address claims that have a high degree of importance at a political and social level. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

According to the methodologies of the applicant, the selection of the claims to be checked is made according to the level of reach and importance and this is also confirmed by the fact checks we assessed. The applicant selects, verifies and publishes mostly fact checks that address claims that have a high degree of importance at a political and social level. 

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant uses evidence in a serious, responsible way. They also consistently use evidence both to confirm and to undermine claims. Usually, the applicant applies evidence until the truth around a certain topic can be certain beyond doubt.

Two examples of this posture can be found in the following links: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210410/pablo-iglesias-120000-ano-cargo-vicepresidente-indemnizacion-millonaria-boe-cese/ / https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210330/40-por-ciento-contagios-coronavirus-madrid-monica-garcia/


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever applicable, the applicant discloses both evidence that support and undermine the claim. For instance, this can be clearly verified in this article: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230710/vox-valladolid-acto-campana-imagen-manipulada-elecciones/.

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever applicable, the applicant discloses both evidence that support and undermine the claim. For instance, this can be clearly verified in this article: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230710/vox-valladolid-acto-campana-imagen-manipulada-elecciones/.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

According to a review of randomized checks, the applicant applies the same standards when analyzing equivalent claims (although those are not always visible). The methodologys is applied evenly when checking all the Spanish political spectrum. One example of this balance application of equivalent standards can be found in this link: https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210323/pp-denuncia-junta-electoral-video-iglesias-anular-candidatura-comunidad-madrid/


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant uses the same standards regarding evidence and neutrality regardless of who made the claim. This is specifically evident in the case of fact checks that address claims or messages of political persons or parties that are normally undermined because they usually disseminate disinformation, as it is the case of VOX, the far-right Spanish political party: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230710/vox-valladolid-acto-campana-imagen-manipulada-elecciones/ , https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230718/no-santiago-abascal-no-ha-dicho-que-llenaran-las-cunetas-de-independentistas-en-el-acto-de-vistalegre/ .

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant uses the same standards regarding evidence and neutrality regardless of who made the claim. This is specifically evident in the case of fact checks that address claims or messages of political persons or parties that are normally undermined because they usually disseminate disinformation, as it is the case of VOX, the far-right Spanish political party: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230710/vox-valladolid-acto-campana-imagen-manipulada-elecciones/ , https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20230718/no-santiago-abascal-no-ha-dicho-que-llenaran-las-cunetas-de-independentistas-en-el-acto-de-vistalegre/ .

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant usually contacts the persons who made a claim in order to bring more context to it. However, a lot of the claims covered by the applicant are online rumours, which render this type of policy impossible. One example where this contact was attempted can be found here: https://maldita.es/malditodato/20210323/pp-denuncia-junta-electoral-video-iglesias-anular-candidatura-comunidad-madrid/

Also, when a claim references a given public actor, said actor is contacted for further investigation (an example can be found here: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210506/yolanda-diaz-viaje-galicia-semana-santa/ or here https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210501/carta-supuesto-exalumno-angel-gabilondo-paliza-colegio/)


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever possible, the applicant contacts the persons who made the claims addressed by the fact checks and discloses the declarations. If there are other parties directly concerned, they are also contacted when possible. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Whenever possible, the applicant contacts the persons who made the claims addressed by the fact checks and discloses the declarations. If there are other parties directly concerned, they are also contacted when possible. 

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

We permanently campaign on social networks and through television and radio programs where we collaborate by providing our users with our WhatsApp Chatbot number and all our social media accounts: https://twitter.com/malditobulo/status/1305954645710442496?s=20

On this number we receive an average of 1000 queries sent by users everyday.

In addition we have our community of members (whom we call "Maldit@s") who bring their talents and experience to help us deny information. This community of more than 48,000 users receives constant communications through newsletters and messages that allow them to be part of our verification process: https://comunidad.maldita.es 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant has built a WhatsApp bot to receive claims to be checked. This is highlighted in their Cover page, as well as in the side of some stories.

Also, stories that have been suggested through WhatsApp are highlighted as such in the first paragraph.

They also have a Twitter profile to encourage people to send claims, available at https://twitter.com/labuloteca

Finally, members are encouraged to send claims.

The methods page states that only checkable claims are analyzed, discarding opinions.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The users are encouraged to send claims to check especially by the WhatsApp chatbot and the mobile app developed by the applicant. Nonetheless, there is no specific section on their website presenting the means through which the users can send claims and the methodology used to select which of their claims will be addressed. It can be deduced from the general methodologies used and disclosed by the applicant, but we consider it would be useful to make it clearer for the user.

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The users are encouraged to send claims to check especially by the WhatsApp chatbot and the mobile app developed by the applicant. Nonetheless, there is no specific section on their website presenting the means through which the users can send claims and the methodology used to select which of their claims will be addressed. It can be deduced from the general methodologies used and disclosed by the applicant, but we consider it would be useful to make it clearer for the user.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago)

Our readers can reach us to correct information we have published. When that happens the editors who have a methodological vote revise the claim and how the fact-check has been done and if they conclude that the fact-check is subject to a correction it will be done following our public corrections policy as described on our website: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant has a link in their About section to a clear, comprehensive corrections policy.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant discloses and explains clearly what is the correction policy. The last update of the correction policy was made on May 18, 2023: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/ 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant discloses and explains clearly what is the correction policy. The last update of the correction policy was made on May 18, 2023: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/ 

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

No additional information required. 

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The policy is clear. It sets what is covered and what is not, how corrections are handled both in website and in social networks, what different corrections are made, and what qualifies for correction. Readers are also encouraged to send corrections via email. Finally, examples are provided along the policy to highlight how it is applied. Thus, the corrections policy is clear, responsible, cohesive and effective.


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The correction policy defines clearly that any mistake regarding the fact checking process and the conclusions is being transparently disclosed. The corrected articles can easily found on the applicant's website by searching "CORRECCIÓN" through the search bar of the website. The users are also encouraged to signal errors, but it is also clearly set out the conditions to make corrections. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The correction policy defines clearly that any mistake regarding the fact checking process and the conclusions is being transparently disclosed. The corrected articles can easily found on the applicant's website by searching "CORRECCIÓN" through the search bar of the website. The users are also encouraged to signal errors, but it is also clearly set out the conditions to make corrections. 

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

At Maldita.es we believe that if we make mistakes we have to rectify them. We promise to be transparent when correcting our own mistakes and to do so on our web page and on our social networks. If the errors affect the meaning of the verification, the word CORRECTION will go in the headline when it comes to rectifying.

Sometimes we add information to an article, change something or qualify a phrase that we think is not being well understood. Whenever we do, we mark it with an asterisk and explain at the end of the article what has changed and why it has.

We also keep a date track when articles are modified. We maintain a first publishing date at the bottom of every article and the actualization date at the top of the article.

Between july 2020 and august 2021 these are the corrections we have done which are accessible on our website:

CORRECCIÓN: Pedro Duque no se ha reunido con su comité de científicos sobre el coronavirus desde mayo hasta el 7 de octubre aunque los expertos sí mantienen contactos informales entre ellos * https://maldita.es/malditodato/20201010/pedro-duque-no-reune-con-comite-cientificos-coronavirus-desde-mayo-expertos/

CORRECCIÓN: ¿Qué sabemos sobre los 522€ al mes que recibirá un “inmigrante ilegal” por empadronarse en Aragón con la Prestación Aragonesa Complementaria del Ingreso Mínimo Vital?* https://maldita.es/malditobulo/20210525/inmigrante-ilegal-522-aragon-empadronarse/   

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The applicant has produced two links that have been corrected between July 2020 and August 2021. Both are also displayed in the Corrections policy as examples.

In both cases, the title has been changed in order to better accomodate changes in the topic covered. The changes are explained in a footnote that displays the previous text and the modified one. Both corrections are clear.


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Three corrections have been made by the applicant between June 2021 and May 2023 and they are disclosed in the Correction policy section: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/

The corrected articles are signaled from the title and the reader can easily identify both the correction and the corrected part of the fact check. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Three corrections have been made by the applicant between June 2021 and May 2023 and they are disclosed in the Correction policy section: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/

The corrected articles are signaled from the title and the reader can easily identify both the correction and the corrected part of the fact check. 

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The IFCN signatory stamp is in a relevant place in our page, currently on the footer of the webpage. The stamp redirects to this link where users get information about the Maldita being signatory of the IFCN code of principles an a link to the IFCN complaints form: https://maldita.es/maldita-es-firmante-del-codigo-de-principios-del-international-fact-checking-network/   

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

The IFCN stamp is available on the footer of the page. It links to an internal page explaining what the IFCN is, and its relation with the applicant. The reader can also find a link to the complaints page and to the Code of Principles.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant invites users to inform IFCN if they consider that the IFCN code has been violated in the correction policy section and directly through a link: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/ 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The applicant invites users to inform IFCN if they consider that the IFCN code has been violated in the correction policy section and directly through a link: https://maldita.es/politica-de-rectificacion/ 

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Maldita.es .
10-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Doesn't apply.

Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura Assessor
29-Sep-2021 (2 years ago) Updated: 2 years ago

Not applicable, since it's an independent company.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Marcelo Crispim da Fontoura.
Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Not applicable. 

Anabella Costache Assessor
16-Jul-2023 (7 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Not applicable.