Agência Lupa

Organization: Lupa
Applicant: Natalia Leal
Assessor: Sergio Lüdtke

Background

Agência Lupa is an independent organization and a pioneer in fact-checking in Brazil. Founded in 2015, Lupa is today a reference in this theme in the country, recognized for applying the best practices of journalism, for its transparency, and its work in favor of quality information. It is one of the few digital native organizations in the country whose management positions are in the hands of specialized professionals and not the founders. The agency is managed by three directors who lead the areas of content, education, and business. The agency also has three boards - Editorial, Ethical, and Business - made up of professionals recognized in their areas of activity and who are not part of the organization.

Assessment Conclusion

The analysis of the information provided by Agência Lupa and the evaluation of the agency's content and work demonstrate that it follows and fully applies the IFCN code of principles. Lupa is an independent organization, dedicated to fact-checking and training professionals to deal with misinformation. The assessment confirmed its fidelity to the transparency commitments, both in terms of its methodology and its funding, and did not identify any relationship with politicians, parties, or causes. It also applies high standards in fact-checking and is transparent in the way it uses and relates to sources.

on 26-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Sergio Lüdtke assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

A análise das informações prestadas pela Agência Lupa e a avaliação dos conteúdos e do trabalho da agência demonstram que ela segue e aplica integralmente o código de princípios da IFCN. Lupa é uma organização independente, dedicada ao fact-checking e à formação de profissionais para lidar com a desinformação. A avaliação confirmou sua fidelidade aos compromissos de transparência, tanto de sua metodologia quanto de seu financiamento, e não identificou qualquer relacionamento com políticos, partidos ou causas. Ela também aplica padrões elevados na verificação de fatos e é transparente na maneira como usa e se relaciona com as fontes.

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Lupa is an independent fact-checking organization, registered with the Commercial Registry of the State of Rio de Janeiro as a private company, in the model of limited liability company (S.A). It is led by three directors, each responsible for one of the fundamental areas for the company: Content, Education and Business. In addition, it has three councils - Editorial, Ethics and Business - each formed by up to four professionals of relevant performance in their areas, who assist strategically in the management of the company.

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/como-selecionamos-as-frases-que-serao-checadas/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/como-funciona-nosso-modelo-de-negocios/

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Certidao-24164282000... (76 KB)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Agência Lupa has proven its legal registration and that it can operate under Brazilian legal norms


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

1. November 2015

2. 17 people. Access https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/quem-somoss/ for detailed information

3. Editorial (fact-checking and reporting) and educational (classes, workshops and treinaments about disinformation and fact-checking).

4. a) Launching a membership program, helped by The Membership Puzzle Project;

b) Build a network of community radio stations to disseminate verified content on vaccines, Covid-19 and other topics;

c) Build a training and awareness program on disinformation for WhatsApp group administrators;

d) Invest in misinformation mapping articles using fact-checking techniques;

e) Expand the LupaEducação program, reaching public and private basic schools;

f) Increase Lupa's fan base and followers on social networks by 5%;

g) Increase Lupa's page views by 10%.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The information provided in response to items 1, 2, and 3 matches what is published on the agency's website.

Regarding the objectives listed in response to item 4, although the actions and resources that should provide the achievement of these goals are not mentioned, they seem really feasible. Lupa Educação is already a recognized trainer of students and journalism professionals on fact-checking techniques and methodologies.

The goals of increasing audience and engagement are also absolutely feasible. The media in Brazil, in general, broadened their audiences during the health crisis that is expected to continue in the country. With the debate over the pandemic captured by politics, the electoral campaign for the 2022 presidential elections has already begun. Interest in the check is expected to increase considerably in the coming months.

The political circumstances in Brazil and the volume of misinformation spreading about the COVID-19 pandemic should guarantee a great audience in the coming months.

The creation of a radio network is not explained, but there are similar experiences in the country. This is a good idea because radio is now the medium with the most local presence in Brazilian journalism.




done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The links provided by Lupa prove that the organization has published fact-checks regularly and far beyond the average number required by the assessment.


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Most of the fact-checks published in recent months by Agência Lupa are related to the health crisis in Brazil caused by the covid-19 pandemic. The agency has been dedicated to denying rumors and clarifying misleading information posted on social media by citizens or politicians. Its contribution has been valuable because it provides an information layer that could protect people against rumors about treatments not recognized by health authorities, false information about vaccines, and procedures to protect against contagion.



done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Lupa doesn't receive any funds from the state, politicians or political parties. More about our funding and support here: https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/como-funciona-nosso-modelo-de-negocios/

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Lupa provided a link to the page on which it describes the origins of its funding. On that page, there are no references to funding or any institutional relationship with the state, politicians, or political parties in the country.


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Not applicable

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Not applicable


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

In 2020, Lupa worked hard to ensure clarification of information about the new coronavirus pandemic. In Brazil, the theme was used extensively for political attacks, and Lupa was concerned with covering all the spectra of these attacks. Through a project funded by Unesco, Lupa also produced analyzes on the paths of disinformation about the coronavirus in the world, using the databases LatamChequea Coronavirus, CoronaVerificado and Coronavirus Facts Alliance.

Also in 2020, we were engaged in tough electoral coverage and full of confrontations involving misinformation about the electoral system and about specific candidates in some cities. We did a wide coverage, applying our business model of newswire service and checking interviews of all candidates involved in the electoral disputes in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo for two important Brazilian journalism players (UOL and Folha de S.Paulo).

Throughout the year, we continue to monitor the statements of President Jair Bolsonaro, currently seen as one of the world leaders aligned with conservatism and extreme right-wing politics. We also kept a close eye on rumors involving ex-president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the main exponent of the Brazilian left and Bolsonaro's opponent.

Coronavirus

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/tag/coronavirus/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/category/coronaverificado/

Bolsonaro

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/12/30/informacoes-falsas-bolsonaro-covid-19/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/09/22/bolsonaro-onu-2020/

Lula

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/04/27/verificamos-lula-moro/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/09/02/verificamos-eleitores-lula-presidencia/

2020 Elections

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/category/eleicoes-2020/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/tag/democracia-digital/

Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo interviews

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/tag/sabatina-folha-uol/

Media literacy and awareness about political fact-checking

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/29/bruno-covas-sao-paulo-promessas/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/29/sebastiao-melo-porto-alegre-promessas/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/29/joao-campos-recife-promessas/

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/29/eduardo-paes-rio-de-janeiro-promessas/

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The verifications analyzed in this assessment show no differences in the standards and methodologies used. The best fact-checking practices, rigorous investigation, and compliance with the IFCN code of principles are well represented in them.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Agência Lupa publishes on its website a page on which it describes its methodology in detail, how it selects the claims to be verified, and the entire checking process.


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Agência Lupa makes it clear on the webpage where it publishes its fact-checking methodology that does not check opinions. The agency also provides links to the data sources and publications it consults.

I did not find in the analyzed publications any source that needed any kind of clarification on conflicts of interest.


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

I found no evidence of support or favoring any organization, politician, or political party in the analyzed material. The fact-checking strictly follow what is exposed in the agency's methodology. The reports are transparent and serve the public interest.


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Agência Lupa declares on its website that non-partisanship is one of its most protected principles. All employees are committed to following it. They signed a term of commitment in which they reaffirm their fidelity to non-partisanship and the IFCN code of principles.


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Lupa provided links so that the reader can proof the contents in the sources in all the checks accessed in this assessment. In some cases, it offers an image of the mentioned content. When using secondary sources, it does so by collecting information from technical or journalistic publications recognized for their credibility.

The agency guarantees on its website that it does not publish any information from anonymous sources.


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The assessment can confirm the zeal in the choice of the most adequate sources or with more authority to answer the subject of the check.

There are differences in standards when Lupa using secondary sources, especially when it comes to journalistic media. In recent checks, references are explicit in the text. In some older checks, links to content from journalistic websites appear in the text without any reference to their destination. I recommend to the applicant review the standardization on this specific point. 


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

It was possible to identify in the reports accessed, the care with a diversity of sources that can meet all aspects and evidence of the check so that the conclusions of the investigation do not leave doubts to the reader.


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

There were no cases in which there was a need to identify or reiterate the interests of the sources used.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The documentation submitted by the applicant and the information published on its website clearly show the agency's independence and the limits of its relations with other organizations.


done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Lupa shared a link to the page of its website where it details its funding, how it is legally registered in the country, and who its managers are.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The two pages of the website shared by Agência Lupa clearly describe the scope of action, how the agency is organized, and who are the people who are part of the team and those who make up the management group.


done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The page shared by Agência Lupa lists 17 professionals from its staff. This list includes managers and team members. The agency publishes a drawn image of each professional and includes a short biography of each one.


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

1. For email contact:

There is an orange banner on our homepage:

"Fale com a redação no lupa@lupa.news (Talk to our newsroom)


2. On our "Quem somos" section (Who we are)

http://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/quem-somos/


3. For social media contact:

All social media is on our homepage header: www.lupa.news


4. For WhatsApp contact:

In articles verified from suggestions that arrive through the application, there is a link to send new suggestions: https://bit.ly/zaplupa

On social networks, there is a recurring campaign for sending suggestions via WhatsApp (attached)

The number and the link for direct access are available on the page that details the means of contact with Lupa:https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/como-posso-contribuir/


5. For address:

At the bottom of our "Quem somos" section

http://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/quem-somos/


6. Other contacts:

At the bottom of every article, we ask two questions:

a) Was this article useful? (Esse conteúdo foi útil?, in Portuguese)

Answers are grades from 1 to 5

b) Do you agree with the conclusions obtained in this article? (Você concorda com o resultado desta checagem?, in Portuguese)

Answers are yes or no

Files Attached
whatsapp-lupa-tw-2.p... (193 KB)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

There are many points of contact with Lupa on its website. All of them are well highlighted on the pages. The reader can easily talk to the newsroom, reporting errors, or suggesting checks.


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

To confirm this criterion, Lupa shared two pages.

In one, it describes the nine tags currently used. They are displayed on the agency's website and social networks.

The other page describes in detail the checking process and the methodology used by the agency, from the identification of the contents to the writing of the report to be published.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The published reports always mention the reasons for opening an investigation, but no information was found that describes the scope of the pieces of information investigated. Reach and engagement numbers eventually appear on captured images of the checked content but are not associated with motivation for opening an investigation.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The analyzed checks proved to be convincing, always accompanied by evidence or data that confirm the conclusions of the reports. In the case of checks on the covid-19 pandemic, specifically for information that can still be confirmed or denied with the evolution of studies and research, it would be advisable to use a disclaimer that informs the reader that the data and information used correspond to scientific knowledge and data available on the date of publication.


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The checks made by Agência Lupa strictly follow the methodology described by the agency on its website. It was not perceived, in this assessment, differences of treatment or any discrimination

to different authors of claims checked by the agency.


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

On the page where it describes its methodology, Lupa declares that it requests an official position from those being checked, giving them time and ample opportunity to explain themselves. In the case of debunking, as the author of the information is unknown, Lupa informs that this step is omitted.

The checks involving known people and authorities, in fact, bring the version of these characters.


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/como-posso-contribuir/

On the homepage of Lupa's website, on the right side, there are buttons where readers can access the methodology ("Entenda nossa metodologia"), send fact-checking and verification suggestions (where there is a description of the possible ways of contact) and see the e- mail that the newsroom makes available for direct contact (lupa@lupa.news).

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

There is a button on the Lupa website to send suggestions for fact-checking. When the user clicks on this button, he/she is taken to a page that describes the entire process and what could be check.

The article also makes it clear what will be done with the user's suggestion. The suggestions can be sent by e-mail (lupa@lupa.news) or by filling out a form.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Lupa's correction policy is described on a page created specifically for this purpose on the agency's website. On that page, the applicant also informs that it does not delete content from the site, but reserves the possibility to do so in its social network profiles.

At the end of each check report, there is a button for users to report errors.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Yes, the policy is clear about what the agency is willing to cover and how the suggestions are handled. The text also warns that it is not able to meet all the demands. One reason is the agency's methodology, which determines what is checkable and what is not. Another reason is its reduced team of journalists.


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2015/10/15/na-lupa-ha-espaco-para-contestacoes-e-correcoes/

Lupa applies a three-level correction policy, as detailed in the link indicated above. At the end of the published articles, the reader has a button available, through which he can report an error made by the editorial staff. All requests for correction are answered by our editorial staff with instructions for correction or a statement about why we will not correct the information (if we are not wrong).

The following are examples of publications where correction has been indicated (on the same links you can see the button through which it is possible to report an error):

1. https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/13/debate-tv-cultura-12-11/

2. https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/09/14/lupa-na-ciencia-testes-covid-saliva/

3. https://piaui.folha.uol.com.br/lupa/2020/11/28/verificamos-resultado-eleicao-prefeito-queimados-rj-investigacao/

Files Attached
erramos.png (68 KB)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

The examples presented by Agência Lupa show how corrections are handled on the website. The existence of corrections is announced right after the title and also in the body of the check report. The original version is kept in the text, properly marked, so that the reader can distinguish the changes made in the correction.

At the end of all published reports, there is a button available so that readers can also alert to corrections.


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Every article published by Lupa has a statement about IFCN and a link for users to send a message about the violation of the Code of Principles, if they believe it is happening.

Files Attached
fale com a ifcn.png (68 KB)
Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Agência Lupa is already a signatory of the IFCN. This is reported on all pages visited. At the foot of these pages is a pad containing the IFCN logo, a brief description of what it means to be a signatory, and a button to address complaints directly to IFCN.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Lupa
01-Apr-2021 (1 year ago)

Lupa is an independent fact-checking organization.

Sergio Lüdtke Assessor
14-Apr-2021 (1 year ago) Updated: 1 year ago

Not applicable.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Sergio Lüdtke.