Demagog Association

Organization: Demagog Association
Applicant: Pawel Terpilowski
Assessor: Grzegorz Piechota

Background

Having reviewed thoroughly the Demagog Association's application, documents and fact checks, I have concluded that the applicant is fully compliant with the IFCN Code of Principles.

I reviewed the Demagog Association's application for the third time. I noticed the applicant is very consistent in delivering high quality content.

Assessment Conclusion

I would like to recommend the IFCN Board to accept their application.

The Demagog Association is a professional non-profit watchdog organisation. During the evaluation of their policies and practices, I read dozens of their documents and fact checks, and I found they met the highest standards of quality and impartiality.

In Polish context, an increasingly polarised and polluted public debate, the fact checking service that the applicant provides advances understanding and decision-making by the public.

I would like also to praise their efforts to educate the public, including children and youth on their methodology.

on 11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago)

Grzegorz Piechota assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

Stowarzyszenie Demagog jest godną zaufania organizacją fact-checkingową w Polsce. Z pasją i zaangażowaniem dostarcza obywatelom bezstronnej i wiarygodnej informacji, przyczyniając się do poprawy jakości debaty publicznej.

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Demagog is the first polish fact-checking non-governmental organization registered in 2016 in the legal form of association.  

https://demagog.org.pl/stowarzyszenie-demagog-pierwsza-w-polsce-organizacja-factcheckingowa/ 

We are registered in the National Court Register (https://ekrs.ms.gov.pl/) , number 0000615583.

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago)

The applicant is a legally registered organisation. All necessary information is published on their website.


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

1. Polish Demagog was started as a fact-checking project in 2014. https://demagog.org.pl/stowarzyszenie-demagog-pierwsza-w-polsce-organizacja-factcheckingowa/ 

2. Over the course of last year we have expanded our operations and we are in the ongoing process of professionalizing our staff. Currently we employ (both part-time and full-time):

5 members of the Demagog Association Board who coordinate strategic areas of activities and operations.

9 members of the Editorial Team

2 members of the Communications Team.

We recruited new members of our team both externally and internally (transitioning them from voluntary-basis work).

We also maintain voluntary team consisting of about 10-15 active volunteers.


3. Besides fact-checking our main area of interest is education. We expand our key educational project Academy of Fact-Checking https://akademia.demagog.org.pl that provides workshops, seminars and lessons for teachers, students as well as other groups which are vulnerable for misinformation (such as elderly). 

Just recently we have launched our e-learning platform https://platforma.demagog.org.pl that provides courses on fact-checking, critical thinking and media literacy.

We continue our Podcast in which we invite experts with various areas of expertise regarding the misinformation. Among others, we have talked with the founder of Bellingcat Eliot Higgins https://demagog.org.pl/podcast/bellingcat-founder-eliot-higgins-on-investigative-journalism-from-home/ as well as Jane Lytvynenko https://demagog.org.pl/podcast/jane-lytvynenko-on-tactics-in-spreading-disinformation-online/ 


4. Our main objectives for upcoming year is to establish internally new team dedicated to the OSINT techniques and OSINT-type analysis, develop new types of content and continue to expand our fact-checking operations. We are also engaged in multiple international projects that initiate cooperation and collaboration in the areas of cybersecurity, misinformation and fact-checking.



Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant's answers and their website provide necessary information regarding history of the association, number and roles of their staff, a range of activities that Demagog is engaged with as well as goals of their fact-checking practice.

Since my last year evaluation Demagog Association has expanded the scope of their operations, added new members of staff, added new educational activities. 

Demagog Association was set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

I have reviewed fact checks published from 19 April to 24 October 2021 I found there were between 6 and 19 fact checks per week. At average it was 11.6 facts checks per week. 


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on my review, I may confirm the majority of fact checks (more than 75%) focused on issues that had an impact on welfare of individuals, general public and society. During these 3 months the most frequent topics covered current political affairs including illegal immigration, different aspects of the country's economy as well as its government's conflict with EU. The verification of facts about COVID 19 and vaccinations were also frequent. 


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We publish our yearly financial reports as well as all external funding (grants, Facebook Fact-Checking Program) here: https://demagog.org.pl/finansowanie-i-majatek-stowarzyszenia-demagog/ 

For each grant we receive, we provide the scope of the project, exact funding, as well as start and ending dates.

Our partnerships are listed here: https://demagog.org.pl/partnerzy-demagoga-zobacz-kto-pomaga-nam-w-walce-o-prawde/ 

We provide short brief on the scope of each partnership. 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago)

The applicant is transparent about all major sources of funding. On its website, it published information about the major donors that included state actors. In 2020, there was 1 grant from U.S. State Department via the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw. In 2021, there were 2 grants from Active Citizens National Fund – their money comes from EU-related EEA Grants and Norway Grants.

The website features also financial reports for the past few years, including 2020. Based on these sources, I can see that donations from state-related institutions made just a fraction of funding.


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago)

In the past few years, the applicant received grants from the U.S. State Department, the National Freedom Institute that is a Polish governmental agency distributing funding to the non-profit sector, EEA and Norway Grants as well as FB.

The applicant's website describes the purpose of the funding and includes an information about internal policies that guarantee editorial independence.


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

True claims on COVID-19 made by politicians from the ruling party (PiS) / government / coalition parties:

1. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jakie-sa-rekomendacje-w-sprawie-szczepionki-astrazeneca/ 

2. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/szczepionki-na-covid-19-jakie-jest-stanowisko-kosciola/

3. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-dlugo-trwaly-badania-ktore-doprowadzily-do-powstania-szczepionki-na-covid-19/

4.  https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-skuteczna-jest-pierwsza-dawka-szczepionki-w-zapobieganiu-covid-19/

5. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-smiertelna-jest-trzecia-fala-covid-19-w-wielkiej-brytanii/ 


False / manipulative claims on COVID-19 made by politicians from the ruling party (PiS) / government / coalition parties:

1. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-w-polsce-obostrzenia-covidowe-sa-jednymi-z-najmniejszych-w-europie/ 

2. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-mamy-gwarancje-ze-szczepionka-na-covid-19-powstrzymuje-transmisje-wirusa/

3. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-jesienne-protesty-wplynely-na-liczbe-zgonow-z-powodu-covid-19/ 

4. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-zaszczepieni-zarazaja-delta-tak-samo-jak-niezaszczepieni/ 

5. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-testy-pcr-sa-skuteczna-metoda-wykrywania-koronawirusa/ 


True claims on COVID-19 made by politicians from opposition parties:

1. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-w-polsce-sa-najwieksze-w-europie-restrykcje-w-dzialalnosci-branzy-hotelarskiej/ 

2. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-covid-19-jest-grozniejszy-dla-osob-z-niepelnosprawnoscia-intelektualna/ 

3. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/brak-dowodow-na-to-ze-szczepionka-wstrzymuje-transmisje-sars-cov-2/ 

4. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-w-szczepionce-na-covid-19-znajduje-sie-jakikolwiek-element-wirusa/ 

5. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-protesty-w-sprawie-aborcji-wplynely-na-liczbe-zachorowan-na-covid-19/ 


False / manipulative claims on COVID-19 made by politicians from opposition parties:

1. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-zadna-szczepionka-na-covid-nie-zostala-jeszcze-przebadana/

2. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-szczepionki-przeciw-covid-19-nie-przeszly-wymaganych-badan/

3. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/co-mowil-premier-morawiecki-na-temat-trzeciej-fali-pandemii/

4.  https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-eurostat-pomija-statystyki-dotyczace-polski-poniewaz-sa-one-niewiarygodne/

5. https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-rzad-zapowiadal-szczepienie-celebrytow-w-pierwszej-kolejnosci/  

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

20 examples provided by Demagog Association covered only COVID-related fact checks. They proved the applicant used the same high standards of evidence and judgment for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.

My own 20 reviews of the fact checks covered wide range of subjects. They also proved that the applicant used the same high standards of evidence and judgment for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim. 


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant published a statement on their website with the explanation about how they select claims to check.

It is a qualitative selection process based on the recorded sources of statements made by public figures. On FB each user may mark a post as a fake news to be checked. The applicant also invited readers or members of the public to send them claims worth checking. 


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

I have reviewed 20 different fact checks published between May and October 2021, and I found all of them were compliant with the IFCN code.


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on the review of 20 different fact checks published in between May and October 2021, as well as the review of internal standards and policies available at Demagog.org.pl website, I found the applicant impartial and having not advocated for or against any policy position on any issue. The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate.


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Upon joining, each member of Demagog has to sign the Declaration of Neutrality, which clearly states importance of non-partisanship in our fact-checking work: https://demagog.org.pl/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Deklaracja-bezstronnosci-Stowarzyszenia-Demagog.pdf There is a section for describing all activities such as work in NGOs and any political involvement for the course of last 5 years that is evaluated by Demagog's board for any potential conflict of interest or threat to impartiality. 

Our principles are described here: https://demagog.org.pl/stowarzyszenie-demagog-pierwsza-w-polsce-organizacja-factcheckingowa/ 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant set out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its website. Upon joining, each member of Demagog Association had to sign the Declaration of Neutrality, which clearly stated the importance of non-partisanship in their fact-checking work. In this document, there is also a section requiring from the candidates to describe all activities, such as work in the non profit sector or any political engagement for the course of past 5 years. These statements are said to be evaluated by the Demagog's board for any potential conflict of interest or threat to impartiality.


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The review of fact checks published in between May and October 2021 showed the applicant identified sources of all significant evidence used in the fact checks. Its authors provided relevant links where the source was available online. Readers could easily replicate their work if they wished.

1. Czy Czesi zwracali się do MSZ w sprawie Turowa, kiedy ministrem był Waszczykowski?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-czesi-zwracali-sie-do-msz-w-sprawie-turowa-kiedy-ministrem-byl-waszczykowski/

2. Ile wykształconych pielęgniarek nie podejmuje pracy w zawodzie?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/ile-wyksztalconych-pielegniarek-nie-podejmuje-pracy-w-zawodzie/

3. Czy w świetle przepisów unijnych rak jest rybą? 05.10.2021 godz. 11:52

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-w-swietle-przepisow-unijnych-rak-jest-ryba/

4. Jaka kara grozi za narażenie na zakażenie wirusem HIV i innymi wirusami?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jaka-kara-grozi-za-narazenie-na-zakazenie-wirusem-hiv-i-innymi-wirusami/

5. Czy Polacy są chętni do szczepienia się na grypę?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-polacy-sa-chetni-do-szczepienia-sie-na-grype/

6. Czy na Litwie i Łotwie również obowiązuje stan wyjątkowy? 09.09.2021 godz. 19:37

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-na-litwie-i-lotwie-rowniez-obowiazuje-stan-wyjatkowy/

7. Czy to prawda, że w Danii funkcjonuje tylko 16 szpitali?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-to-prawda-ze-w-danii-funkcjonuje-tylko-16-szpitali/

8. Co wykazała kontrola NIK w sprawie reformy likwidującej gimnazja?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/co-wykazala-kontrola-nik-w-sprawie-reformy-likwidujacej-gimnazja/

9. Co mówią sondaże na temat opinii Polaków o podwyżkach dla polityków?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/co-mowia-sondaze-na-temat-opinii-polakow-o-podwyzkach-dla-politykow/

10. Czy wysokość uposażenia poselskiego nie zmieniła się od 23 lat?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-wysokosc-uposazenia-poselskiego-nie-zmienila-sie-od-23-lat/

11. Jak głosowali posłowie Konfederacji w sprawie podwyżek dla posłów?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-glosowali-poslowie-konfederacji-w-sprawie-podwyzek-dla-poslow/

12 Czy w latach 2011–2013 nauczyciele nie otrzymali podwyżki? 23.07.2021 godz. 10:28

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-w-latach-2011-2013-nauczyciele-nie-otrzymali-podwyzki/

13. Czy rezolucje Parlamentu Europejskiego mają prawnie wiążącą moc?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-rezolucje-parlamentu-europejskiego-maja-prawnie-wiazaca-moc/

14. Jak wygląda handel morski pomiędzy Chinami a Europą?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-wyglada-handel-morski-pomiedzy-chinami-a-europa/

15. Jaki wzrost cen napojów gazowanych spowodował podatek cukrowy?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jaki-wzrost-cen-napojow-gazowanych-spowodowal-podatek-cukrowy/

16. Ile osób przyjęto na kierunek pielęgniarstwo w ubiegłym roku? 21.06.2021 godz. 14:26

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/ile-osob-przyjeto-na-kierunek-pielegniarstwo-w-ubieglym-roku/

17. Czy Konrad Fijołek uzyskał mniej głosów niż Tadeusz Ferenc w 2018 roku?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-konrad-fijolek-uzyskal-mniej-glosow-niz-tadeusz-ferenc-w-2018-roku/

18. Czy pułap kwoty wolnej od podatku będzie wyższy niż w państwach UE?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-pulap-kwoty-wolnej-od-podatku-bedzie-wyzszy-niz-w-panstwach-ue/

19. Czy jedna piąta kobiet w Polsce doświadczyła gwałtu?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-jedna-piata-kobiet-w-polsce-doswiadczyla-gwaltu/

20. Dla ilu dzieci brakuje miejsc w polskich żłobkach?

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/dla-ilu-dzieci-brakuje-miejsc-w-polskich-zlobkach/


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

In my review, I found the applicant using the best available primary, and not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources were available.

Where suitable primary sources were not available, the applicant explained the use of a secondary source.

For example, when Polish government bodies did not answer questions from Demagog Association, they used sources from Czech Republic government, as well as they found pictures and the story by PAP (Polish Press Agency) that supported the fact checking process.

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-czesi-zwracali-sie-do-msz-w-sprawie-turowa-kiedy-ministrem-byl-waszczykowski/


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

In my review, I found the applicant checking all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence.

For example, in the fact check about perception of possible increase of politicians renumeration, Demagog Association used 2 different research sources (from se.pl and rp.pl).

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/co-mowia-sondaze-na-temat-opinii-polakow-o-podwyzkach-dla-politykow/


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

In my review, I found the applicant identified in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it used where the reader might reasonably concluded those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

For example, when verifying claims about NIK's (Supreme Audit Office) evaluation of adjustments in polish school sector, it used evidence provided by NIK CEO noting his position at NIK.

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/co-wykazala-kontrola-nik-w-sprawie-reformy-likwidujacej-gimnazja/


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We are independent non-governmental organization registered in the legal form of Association. Our statute is published here: https://demagog.org.pl/stowarzyszenie-demagog-pierwsza-w-polsce-organizacja-factcheckingowa/ 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Documents provided on the website prove that the Demagog Association is an independent organisation. All necessary evidence about the organisation status is available on its website.


done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The Demagog Association is an independent organization. All necessary information about its legal form and details of its funding sources are available on its website.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

All necessary information about its organisational structure and who exercises editorial control are available on its website.


done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

All necessary information about professional biographies of the editorial team and its organisational structure is available on its website.


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

My review finds the applicant encourages to submit claims regarding potential misinformation as well as provides contact details for other reasons.


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Our "political" methodology is explained here: https://demagog.org.pl/nasza-metodologia-jak-weryfikujemy-wypowiedzi/

Methology used to debunk fake news accordingly to Facebook Third Party Fact-Checking Program is explained here: https://demagog.org.pl/jak-sprawdzamy-fake-newsy/ 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

I confirmed the applicant published on its website a comprehensive statement about the methodology it used to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on the sample review, I found that the applicant chose important claims from sources with substantial reach (national news media, social media, scripts from parliamentary sessions, etc). Each fact check was categorised for easier search. 


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on the sample review, I found that the applicant used relevant evidence for supporting and for undermining checked information.

For example, the applicant often used primary sources such as scientific research, data from renowned research institutions, or legal documents.


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Bases on the sample review, I found the applicant in its fact checks assessed the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on the sample review, I found that the applicant was seeking for supportive evidence, for example, it asked questions to experts in the field, or asked for additional evidence from the relevant sources. In case of lack of timely replay from involved party applicant continued fact checking using other relevant sources. 


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We encourage users to send in claims via our form https://demagog.org.pl/zglos-do-weryfikacji/  in which we can provide feedback explaining why we reject some of the submisisions (i.e. when it's non fact-checkable, it's opinion-based etc.) We also encourage to contact us directly via our social media profiles on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

I found the applicant encouraging readers to send claims to check. They made it clear what can be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. 


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We have dedicated page for our corrections and updates. https://demagog.org.pl/tematy/korekty/ 

We explain our correction policy here: https://demagog.org.pl/nasza-metodologia-jak-weryfikujemy-wypowiedzi/

and here: https://demagog.org.pl/jak-sprawdzamy-fake-newsy/ 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

I found the applicant's corrections and complaints policy easily visible and accessible on the website. 


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant’s policy clearly explains how mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled. The policy is lacking the point that some complaints may justify no response.

Nevertheless I found the applicant's corrections and complaints policy compliant with the IFCN requirements.

Note: Demagog Association in the application shared links to the section with corrections not the place where complaints policy is located. There is a proper link:

https://demagog.org.pl/nasza-metodologia-jak-weryfikujemy-wypowiedzi/


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/jak-zmienila-sie-liczba-szpitali-za-rzadow-pis-oraz-koalicji-po-psl/ 

We have fact-checked the claim of Donald Tusk regarding the number of hospitals in Poland in the years of current government and the previous one. Firstly we rated his claim as "true" due to the fact that the numbers were matching with the data from Statistics Poland. Then, we were informed by users that the data presented by the Statistics Poland is non-comparable due to methodological differences. We investigated it and found out that indeed that was the case. It resulted in rate-changing correction of the fact-check from "true" to "manipulation".


https://demagog.org.pl/wypowiedzi/czy-cala-solidarna-polska-glosowala-za-kandydatura-ks-isakowicza-zaleskiego-do-komisji-ds-pedofilii/

We have fact-checked the claim of Patryk Jaki stating that "whole Solidarna Polska" party voted for the candidacy of Tadeusz Isakowicz-Zalewski for state commission on investigating pedophilia cases. We rated this claim as false due to the fact that not all of the Solidarna Polska's deputies voted for this candidacy. We were then contacted by Mr Jaki himself who highlighted that he made quick correction that included the word "almost" which was not well audible due to interfering talk of host. We originally missed this correction but upon investigating and audio editing we noticed it. It resulted in rate-changing correction of the fact-check from "false" to "true".

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant provided evidence of corrections published in the past year. They were done according to the requirements -- openly, transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users see the correction and the corrected version. 


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago
Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

The applicant declared itself an IFCN signatory and informed readers that if they believed the signatory was violating the IFCN Code, they might inform the IFCN. The link to the IFCN site was provided.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Demagog Association
14-Sep-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

We have dedicated page for our corrections and updates. https://demagog.org.pl/tematy/korekty/

We explain our correction policy here: https://demagog.org.pl/nasza-metodologia-jak-weryfikujemy-wypowiedzi/

and here: https://demagog.org.pl/jak-sprawdzamy-fake-newsy/ 

Grzegorz Piechota Assessor
11-Dec-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 5 months ago

Based on the formal documents available on the website, the Demagog Association is not a unit of a media company.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Grzegorz Piechota.