Africa Check

Organization: Africa Check
Applicant: Laura Kapelari
Assessor: Laurent Bigot

Background

Africa Check is one of the pioneering media in terms of compliance with the IFCN code of principles. He therefore has a certain expertise in the implementation of these criteria, which have been consistently respected over the past years. The status and transnational work of Africa Check also allows its editorial staff to submit fairly easily to the vast majority of IFCN criteria, without having to fear the pressures and dangers of undermining press freedom.

Assessment Conclusion

According to my assessment, I think Africa Check continues to be a reliable fact-checking partner. This media is compliant with all the principles enacted by the IFCN.


on 26-Sep-2021 (7 months ago)

Laurent Bigot assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

Africa Check is one of the pioneering media in terms of compliance with the IFCN code of principles. He therefore has a certain expertise in the implementation of these criteria, which have been consistently respected over the past years. The status and transnational work of Africa Check also allows its editorial staff to submit fairly easily to the vast majority of IFCN criteria, without having to fear the pressures and dangers of undermining press freedom. According to my assessment, I think Africa Check continues to be a reliable fact-checking partner. This media is compliant with all the principles enacted by the IFCN.

Africa Check est l'un des médias pionniers en termes de respect du code de principes de l'IFCN. Il possède donc une certaine expertise dans la mise en œuvre de ces critères, qui ont été constamment respectés au cours des dernières années. Le statut et le travail transnational d'Africa Check permettent également à sa rédaction de se soumettre assez facilement à la grande majorité des critères de l'IFCN, sans avoir à craindre les pressions et les dangers d'atteinte à la liberté de la presse. D'après mon évaluation, je pense qu'Africa Check continue d'être un partenaire fiable pour la vérification des faits. Ce média est conforme avec tous les principes édictés par l'IFCN.


Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

On the homepage of our website https://africacheck.org/who-we-are, we state that Africa Check was set up in 2012 as a fact-checking organisation, based in the offices of the Journalism Department of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, with funding from a media innovation contest organised by the International Press Institute.

Africa Check's governing body is the non-profit Africa Check Trust, based in South Africa. It is registered with the Master's Office in Cape Town South Africa, with registration number IT000728/2015(C).

Today we operate across Africa, with offices in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal. The Johannesburg office is our overall headquarters. The editorial team based in Johannesburg oversees the work of our South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya offices, shown on our English-language website: https://africacheck.org/The Senegal office, also answers to the Johannesburg head office, and runs our French-language site, covering Senegal and other countries of francophone west Africa: https://africacheck.org/fr  

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Trust Deed.pdf (5 MB)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check is a legally registered organization.

All the evidences of its legal registration are presented in the “Who we are” or “Qui sommes-nous” section here:

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/how-we-are-funded

Africa Check was founded in the UK in 2012 but is registered, since 2019, as a non-profit trust in South Africa (registration number IT000728/2015(C)).

Details of its registration can be found in the document attached.

Information about the legal status of Africa Check is set out clearly, and quick to find.


done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

1. Africa Check was set up in 2012 as a fact-checking organisation to promote accuracy & honesty in public debate and the media across the African continent.

2. Our team of 45 people - full-time and part-time operate across Africa, with offices in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal. The Johannesburg office is our overall headquarters. The editorial team based in Johannesburg oversees the work of our South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya offices and the Senegal office runs our French-language work, covering Senegal and other countries of francophone West Africa. Detailed roles of each team member can be found on https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/our-team

3. We carry out five key activities: Fact-checking claims made by public figures and media and liaising with them to correct those that are false; Train and mentor media to carry out non-partisan fact-checking themselves; Develop fact-checking tools and accurate data on key topics more easily available; Partner with social media platforms and search engines to red flag false claims and highlight accurate information; Outreach work to educate the public, particularly the young, to identify misinformation.

4. A key goal in the coming year is to do more media literacy campaigns in local languages to educate the public about misinformation and to extend the reach of our work to digitally unconnected audiences. 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check was set up in 2012 in the UK, exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking, across the African continent. Its offices are in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal. And its team (45 people) works in both French and English :

https://africacheck.org/fr

https://africacheck.org/

The team carry out five main activities: 

- fact-checking claims made by public figures and media;

- mentor media to carry out non-partisan fact-checking themselves;

- develop fact-checking tools and accurate data on key topics;

- partner with social media platforms and search engines to red flag false claims and highlight accurate information;

- outreach work to educate the public to identify misinformation.

Over the coming years, Africa Check plans to do more literacy campaign about desinformation in local languages...


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

Our overall output, includes fact-checks, blogs, podcasts, factsheets and guides to fact-checking. These can all be seen on our English site: https://africacheck.org/ and French site https://fr.africacheck.org/

In each language we produce three main types of fact-check (full-length fact-checks called "reports"; shorter fact-checks called "spot checks" and fact-checks we do specifically on content seen on Facebook.

They can be seen on these links in English:

1) https://africacheck.org/latest-reports/

2) https://africacheck.org/latest-reports/spot-check/

3) https://africacheck.org/fbchecks/

And in French:

1) https://africacheck.org/fr/fact-checks/articles

2) https://africacheck.org/fr/fact-checks/spotchecks

3) https://africacheck.org/fr/fact-checks/fbchecks

Files Attached
description IFCN AC fact-checks.... (43 KB)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The spreadsheet provided by the Africa Check team lists fact checks (reports, spot checks, Facebook posts) published during the previous six months and identifies, for each, the main subject. The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.


done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

Please refer to the attached spreadsheet for the sample of fact-checks published in both English and French. Note that the samples are listed on two separate tabs on the spreadsheet attached.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

According to our assessment, the fact-checking articles presented by the candidate are in line with IFCN's expectations.

We find that these fact checks deal in majority (more than 80%) with “public interest” issues that “relate to or could have an impact on the well-being of individuals, the general public or society”.


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

Africa Check is not funded by any state or political actors 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant’s editorial output is not, fo us, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.

Africa Check sets out how the team ensure the editorial independence of its work, here :

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/how-we-are-funded

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

The team also provides references to the Africa Check rules about funding : "we ensure that funders have no influence over the conclusions we reach in our reports." (https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check/code-principles)


done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

We set out how we are funded and how we spend our funds on this page on our English-language site, including references to our rules about funding. https://africacheck.org/about-us/how-we-are-funded

We do the same in French on this page: https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

No funding from local or foreign state or political sources.


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

We follow a consistent process, applying the same high standards of evidence as detailed in our methodology under criteria 5.1. 

Files Attached
description IFCN AC non-partisan... (19 KB) description IFCN AC non-partisan... (19 KB)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The applicant fact-checks use the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim. We didn't find any example of unfair treatment...


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check does not seem to unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side; it seems to consider the reach and importance of claims it selects to check; and it publishes an explaination on its website to set out how it selects claims to check, here :

https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits

https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check


The Africa Check team explains how they maintain standards across fact-checks:

"Our teams monitor statements made in the public domain and submissions from readers. We then assess the claim to decide whether it should be fact-checked. Is the topic important? Is the claim framed as a statement of fact or opinion? Does the claim matter? Have we focused on this speaker before? We make sure to check all sides in any debate."


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes and any commercial or other such relationships it has.


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check is not as an organization affiliated with any party, any politician or political candidate.


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

https://africacheck.org/get-involved/join-our-team.

All prospective hires at Africa Check are asked about current or past direct involvement in political or advocacy organisations. Candidates are not hired if they have in the past or at present held an active role in any political party. The fundamental importance of our work of non-partisanship is discussed regularly at staff meetings and staff are all required to ensure that their personal communication on social media meets these standards. Africa Check takes no advocacy position on any issue other than promoting the importance of data transparency and accuracy. Africa Check never has and never will support any political party.

Africa Check assesses the work of all external collaborators/contributors before any work is commissioned from them. This is done to ensure that our collaborators/contributors are cleared of any actual or perceived bias and that their work is deemed credible and non-partisan. We continue to assess their work for us and others during the time they are working with us to ensure compliance with our non-partisan stance. 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The Africa Check team explains here, in the application form:

All prospective hires at Africa Check are asked about current or past direct involvement in political or advocacy organisations. Candidates are not hired if they have in the past or at present held an active role in any political party. The fundamental importance of our work of non-partisanship is discussed regularly at staff meetings and staff are all required to ensure that their personal communication on social media meets these standards. Africa Check takes no advocacy position on any issue other than promoting the importance of data transparency and accuracy. Africa Check never has and never will support any political party.

Africa Check assesses the work of all external collaborators/contributors before any work is commissioned from them. This is done to ensure that our collaborators/contributors are cleared of any actual or perceived bias and that their work is deemed credible and non-partisan. We continue to assess their work for us and others during the time they are working with us to ensure compliance with our non-partisan stance.”


But we found no mention of these commitments in the website...




cancel 2.5 marked as Request change by Laurent Bigot.
Laurent Bigot Assessor
26-Sep-2021 (7 months ago)

The Africa Check team explains its non partisanship policy here:

https://africacheck.org/get-involved/join-our-team

https://africacheck.org/fr/impliquez-vous/rejoignez-notre-equipe


We are a nonpartisan organisation committed to promoting accuracy in public debate and the media in Africa. To do this effectively, we follow the best practices in fact-checking, recognised by the world’s leading nonpartisan fact-checking organisations. We adhere to the International Fact-Checking Network’s fundamental operating principles of commitment to impartiality, transparency and accuracy. Our values guide how we work together to achieve impact. We act with integrity, collaborate with respect, honour partnerships, and encourage impactful innovation.We take no advocacy position on any issue save for the importance of data transparency and accuracy. We will also never support any political party.To ensure we keep to the IFCN’s principles and our values, there are some requirements for team members. If you have in the past or at present held an active role in any political party, you will not be able to join our team. Our team members are also required to ensure that their private and public engagements reflect our nonpartisanship stance. We see our work as a public service and encourage our team members to contribute to public life in ways that are in line with our commitment to nonpartisanship..”


This policy is not easy to find on the site, but it does exist.




done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check identifies the source of significant evidence used in its fact checks.


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check uses (most of the time) the best available primary sources of evidence. 


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check checks all key elements of claims.


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

Africa Check is an independent organisation. Africa Check's governing body is the non-profit Africa Check Trust, based in South Africa. It is registered with the Master's Office in Cape Town South Africa, with registration number IT000728/2015(C). 

Files Attached
picture_as_pdf Trust Deed.pdf (5 MB)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

The Africa Check team shares aproof of its organizational status in the application form. Africa Check's governing body is the non-profit Africa Check Trust, based in South Africa. 

There's a page on its website detailing each source of funding accounting for 1% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year, here :

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/how-we-are-funded



done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

We set out how we are funded on our English-language site https://africacheck.org/about-us/how-we-are-funded and French-language site https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 7 months ago

Africa Check is an independent organization. There's a page on its website detailing each source of funding accounting for 1% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year, here :

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/comment-nous-sommes-finances

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/how-we-are-funded




done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check presents its organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised (Chief editor, deputy-chief editor, etc.), here:

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/notre-equipe

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/our-team



done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check presents a page detailing the professional biography of all those who play a significant part in its articles:

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/notre-equipe

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/our-team



done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

People can contact us in many ways - via a generic email address, via social media and through contacting our offices directly. All this is set out on our contact page shown here in English: https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/get-in-touch and in French: https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/contactez-nous

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

It’s easy for readers to contact Africa Check’s team: there’s a page that mentions all the addresses and phone numbers of the different Africa Check’s offices everywhere in Africa, and a contact form:

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/get-in-touch

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/contactez-nous

And there's a hypetext link to the Twitter account of each member of the editorial team in the biographies here:

https://africacheck.org/fr/qui-nous-sommes/notre-equipe

https://africacheck.org/who-we-are/our-team



done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago)

As a guiding principle at Africa Check, our fact-check reports should be not just verified, by us, but verifiable by our readers. That means we have to provide the evidence we base our judgements on – links, PDFS and other such documents – not just the judgements themselves. If such documents are used, we add them to the report and add them to the Info Finder section.

The process we use to produce our work hinges on being transparent about how we find and use sources in our reports, factsheets and guides.

Once a claim is established, the most important step is to find good reliable sources of evidence to check the claim against. This can be evidence in the public domain that verifies or contradicts what has been said, data from a public database, the findings of academic studies, the opinion of established experts, or other sources.

When we find good sources, they are added to both our report and to the resources section of the website – Info Finder (currently in testing but to be launched in 2019for others to use). Our rules are replicated in French and English.

• Always use primary sources if possible

We endeavour to use primary sources for all our report whether in the form of a recording, a transcript, a database or other verifiable primary source if possible. Secondary sources are used periodically where necessary but are properly checked and attributed.

• Databases and credible sources

The Info Finder section lists databases and studies that we found credible while researching our reports. When looking for credible studies and databases on new reports, the researcher searches here first. We also provide as much explanation as required about the quality of information and any relevant caveats to enable the reader to assess the likely accuracy of the information. We also try to provide some context to the source of data by explaining, where we can, how the data should be read and understood.

• Expert analysis

Where we cannot ourselves access data, we seek insight and quote an expert in the field as commentator. Where we do quote an expert, we identify clearly who they are, who they work for, and any allegiances they may have that might affect their analysis. We also state whether we spoke to them directly and when. And if we did not, we say where we got the remarks from.

• Use of anonymous sources

All the evidence we use is verifiable by us before we publish it. If a source agrees to send us information, but demands anonymity, we cannot use it as source material if it cannot be verified, either directly or indirectly, by our readers and us.

We set out our methodology regularly in our fact-checks and in a series of "how-to" guides that we publish online and discuss in training we do for reporters and the public.

Examples of guides can be seen here: https://africacheck.org/how-to-fact-check/factsheets-and-guides/

In addition, we set out our methodology in detail on this page in English: https://africacheck.org/about-us/how-we-work/ And in this page in French: https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check gives precisions about its fact-checking methodology, with a lot of details in two sections, in English:

https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check

https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check/how-we-rate-claims


And in French:

https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits

https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits/comment-nous-evaluons-les-declarations


These details seem very clear and accessible in both websites.



done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and sometimes explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it. 


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim. 


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim. 


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

We invite the public to submit claims using multiple channels including a form on our website, on our Info Finder tools in the "You Asked" section, by tagging us on social media and through our WhatsApp lines which we actively promote online and offline. Our website provides clear guidance on what we can and cannot check and how we select what to chase up.

See here in English: https://africacheck.org/how-to-fact-check/submit-a-claim-to-check/

And here in French: https://fr.africacheck.org/verifier-des-faits/soumettre-une-declaration-a-verifier/ 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

There’s a dedicated page to invite readers to submit claims to fact-check on Africa Check’s websites. We can find it here:

https://africacheck.org/fr/impliquez-vous/soumettre-une-declaration-pour-verification-des-faits

https://africacheck.org/get-involved/submit-claim-fact-check

And at the bottom of the homepage, here:

https://africacheck.org/fr

https://africacheck.org/


Both websites present to readers 4 rules to respect to submit a fact-checkable claim (sort of topic, fact or opinion, impact, already checked) and a specific form to send it to the staff.


The Africa Check staff also explains:

“We invite the public to submit claims using multiple channels including a form on our website, on our Info Finder tools in the "You Asked" section, by tagging us on social media and through our WhatsApp lines which we actively promote online and offline."

So we can say that Africa Check encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The Africa Check’s websites give precisions about its corrections policy in a specific webpage, here:

https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits/politique-de-correction

https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check/corrections-policy

Africa Check has a corrections policy that is easily visible and accessible in the website menu.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

In actioning our corrections policy, Africa Check responds to all complaints received to acknowledge receipts of the complaint and to let the complainant know what the intended next step will be in the process. We also inform all complainants about the outcome of our review process, whether the complaint raised warrants a correction, update or no action at all.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

The Afica Check corrections policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes are handled and explains:

"Feedback can be submitted in the comment section under an article or in an email to info@africacheck.org. These channels are checked daily. Every comment and all feedback will be reviewed by a senior member of staff."

The Africa Check team adds in the application form: "Africa Check responds to all complaints received to acknowledge receipts of the complaint and to let the complainant know what the intended next step will be in the process".



done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

We continue to adhere to our corrections policy at all times by encouraging feedback or enquiry from users to all our fact-checks and making clear that there are channels where this can be done. At Africa Check, we believe that corrections are an effective tool for underpinning accountability and transparency. 

On 23/09/2020 we corrected a report on human trafficking in South Africa https://africacheck.org/fact-checks/reports/fact-checking-influential-tv-presenters-claims-about-child-trafficking-south. This was after the department of justice and constitutional development and other readers notified us that South Africa was upgraded to a ‘tier 2’ country from the lower ‘tier 2 watchlist’. We had assessed a claim on an older report from 2019, while a newer one had since become available. 

We did not issue any other corrections over the previous year. 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check provides credible evidence that it makes corrections openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.

Africa Check gives 1 example:

"EDITOR'S NOTE: We have since corrected this fact-check and its rating to 'incorrect' after the department of justice and constitutional development notified us that South Africa was upgraded to a 'tier 2' country. This is contained in the 2020 Trafficking in Persons report from the US state department released in June 2020. Our earlier rating of "correct" had relied on the 2019 report. "


And the team explain in the application form:

"We did not issue any other corrections over the previous year."

In view of what we have observed, Africa Check makes corrections openly and transparently. It would be better to inform readers at the top of the article instead of writing a paragraph after the reading, at the bottom of the page.


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

Africa Check
28-Jul-2021 (9 months ago) Updated: 9 months ago

On our website, listed under our principles, we inform users that they may refer any complaints to the IFCN in English: https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check/code-principles and in French: https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits/code-principles

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Africa Check has a page, on its websites, where it declares itself an IFCN signatory, here :

https://africacheck.org/fr/comment-nous-verifions-les-faits/code-principles

https://africacheck.org/how-we-fact-check/code-principles

"Africa Check publishes our corrections policy and follows it scrupulously. We correct clearly and transparently in line with the corrections policy, seeking so far as possible to ensure that readers see the corrected version. Should you believe that we are violating the IFCN Code, you may inform the IFCN of this using the complaints page on the IFCN site."



done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Aug-2021 (8 months ago) Updated: 8 months ago

Not concerned.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.