AFP fact checking

Organization: AFP fact checking
Applicant: Gregoire Lemarchand
Assessor: Laurent Bigot

Background

"AFP Factuel" is the distinct fact-checking section of the legally registered French press agency AFP (https://www.afp.com/).

"AFP Factuel" was set up in 2017, exclusively to the purpose of fact-checking.

France, where this medium is based, is a democratic country which allows "AFP Factuel" to work independently. 

Assessment Conclusion

According to my assessment, "AFP Factuel" continues to be a reliable fact-checking partner.

This media is compliant with most of the new principles enacted by the IFCN..

However, it had to make some adjustments in order to comply with all of the 31 criteria resulting from the new version of this code. Thus, it had to modify its policy regarding the suggestion (by readers) of assertions to be verified (criterion 4.1). He also had to describe with more transparency its particular legal form, which explains that the company has no shareholders. But, on this point, it will have to think, in the future, to mention instead the composition of its resources for example (criterion 5.6).

And we still encourage "AFP Factuel" to take a good look at the evaluation of the other criteria, as they contain recommendations to bring the site more in line with the IFCN code of principles.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.

on 28-Mar-2021 (2 months ago)

Laurent Bigot assesses application as Compliant

A short summary in native publishing language

Le blog "AFP Factuel" de l'AFP a déjà respecté le code de principes de l'IFCN sous son ancienne version. Toutefois, il a dû procéder à quelques ajustements afin de respecter l'intégralité des 31 critères issus de la nouvelle version de ce code. Ainsi, il a dû modifier sa politique en matière de suggestion (par les lecteurs) d'assertions à vérifier (critère 4.1). Il a aussi dû décrire avec plus de transparence sa forme juridique particulière, qui explique que l'entreprise n'a pas d'actionnaires. Mais, sur ce point, il devra penser, à l'avenir, à mentionner à la place la composition de ses ressources par exemple (critère 5.6).

Enfin, l'évaluation du site laisse entrevoir que plusieurs autres critères (marqués ici, cette fois-ci, comme conformes) mériteraient d'être mieux respectés ; il est nécessaire d'anticiper dès aujourd'hui une éventuelle prochaine candidature pour se mettre en conformité.

Le site reste un partenaire fiable de l'IFCN en matière de vérification des faits (fact-checking et debunking).

Section 1: Eligibility to be a signatory

To be eligible to be a signatory, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 1.1 The applicant is a legally registered organization, or a distinct team or unit within a legally registered organization, and details of this are easily found on its website.
  • 1.2 The team, unit or organization is set up exclusively for the purpose of fact-checking.
  • 1.3 The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application. For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track. Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.
  • 1.4 On average, at least 75% of the applicant’s fact checks focus on claims related to issues that, in the view of the IFCN, relate to or could have an impact on the welfare or well-being of individuals, the general public or society.
  • 1.5 The applicant’s editorial output is not, in the view of the IFCN, controlled by the state, a political party or politician.
  • 1.6 If the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, it provides a statement on its site setting out to the satisfaction of the IFCN, how it ensures its funders do not influence the findings of its reports.

Criteria 1.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain where on your website you set out information about your organization’s legal status and how this complies with criteria. Attach a link to the relevant page of your website.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

[english] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[french] https://factuel.afp.com/propos

This page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP Factuel  (https://factuel.afp.com/) is the distinct fact-checking section of the legally registered French press aggency AFP (https://www.afp.com/).

All the evidence of the AFP’s legal registration are presented in the “A propos” through a reference to the french law:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000000315388/



done_all 1.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please answer the following questions – (see notes in Guidelines for Application on how to answer)

 1. When and why was your fact-checking operation started?
 2. How many people work or volunteer in the organization and what are their roles?
 3. What different activities does your organization carry out?
 4. What are the goals of your fact-checking operation over the coming year?

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

1. We started our fact-checking operations in early 2017 within the CrossCheck collaborative project with First Draft and other newsrooms. We launched our own fact-checking website in November 2017, in French: factuel.afp.com. During spring 2018, we launched in English (factcheck.afp.com), Spanish (factual.afp.com) and Portuguese (checamos.afp.com). As of January 2021, our site is available in 18 languages : French, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Polish, Catalan, Malaysian, Indonesian, Thai, Slovak, Czech, Dutch, Burmese, Serbian, German, Korean & Romanian. 

2. We have nearly 100 full time journalists working for our fact-checking network. Two thirds are local journalists working in more than 30 AFP bureaus around the world, and one third are editors. Our editors are experienced journalists who oversee the entire production process, ensuring copy follows our editorial standards. They work closely with all our regional chief editors in Paris, Hong Kong, Beirut, Washington and Montevideo. In Paris, where the Agency's HQ is based, the entire fact-checking network is supervised by the digital verification editor in chief and two deputies.

3.  AFP is a global news agency producing text, photos, videos and graphics. It has more than 5,000 clients worldwide. AFP's 201 bureaus cover 151 countries, with 100 nationalities represented among its 2,400 collaborators. 

For more, see our last annual report.

4. We want to continue to evolve and grow while tackling new challenges in sometimes difficult or even hostile environments. We wish to strengthen our network with new hires and work on improving the impact of our fact-checking to reach more people in new formats, particularly video. We also believe it is important to keep developing training in basic fact-checking and verification techniques, for journalists and other people, within and outside AFP.


 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP Factuel has been doing fact-checking since 2017. In 2021, the website (100 full time journalists) is available in 18 languages : French, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Polish, Catalan, Malaysian, Indonesian, Thai, Slovak, Czech, Dutch, Burmese, Serbian, German, Korean & Romanian.


The team wants to continue to grow with new hires and to work on improving the impact of our fact-checking to reach more people in new formats, particularly video. It believes it is important to keep developing training in basic fact-checking and verification techniques, for journalists and other people, within and outside AFP.


done_all 1.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.3
Proof you meet criteria
- The applicant has published an average of at least one fact check a week over the course of the six months prior to the date of application.
- For applicants from countries with at least 5 or more verified signatories need to have at least a fact check a week over the twelve months of publishing track.
- Consult to factchecknet@poynter.org for confirmation.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

We published 7,020 stories in 2020 in our 18 working languages. We published the most in English, Spanish, French, Arabic and Portuguese respectively.

You can see our production on the following sites (including three samples for each). Each story is published with the date of publication (and the date of any update if needed):

  1. French

    Coronavirus : la liste des prétendus conseils "simples et accessibles à tous" à ne pas suivre
    Non, le coronavirus détecté en Chine n'a pas été créé puis breveté par l'institut Pasteur
    Non, les "étrangers n'ayant jamais travaillé" ne touchent pas "1.157 euros de retraite"

  2. English

    World Health Organization refutes viral claims that holding your breath can test for COVID-19
    Black people aren’t more resistant to novel coronavirus
    Melania Trump’s dress did not feature drawings by child sex abuse victims

  3. Spanish

    Beber mucha agua y hacer gárgaras con agua caliente y sal no elimina el coronavirus
    En Chile, si una persona fallece su jubilación se hereda y no queda a manos de la empresa aseguradora
    False claims around George Floyd’s arrest and death

  4. Portuguese

    This video shows a firefighting technique, not firefighters causing a fire in the Pantanal 
    Bolsonaro incorrectly compares the size of the Amazon with Europe and minimizes burning and deforestation
    Expenses of Lula, Dilma and Bolsonaro with corporate cards do not correspond to the numbers going viral on social networks

  5. Arabic

    No, a Turkish warship was not destroyed by the Egyptians off the coast of Libya
    There is no evidence that coronavirus stays harmful in polluted seawater as claimed by the Lebanese Interior Minister 
    This does not show Chinese people consuming wild animals. 

  6. Polish

    False EU-sponsoring of language courses
    Fake warning on Tinder advising foreign travellers in Poland to not reveal their LGBT orientation
    The polling company Ipsos Mori does not produce Covid-19 tests and its name does not mean “they will die”

  7. Catalan

    False or misleading advice on how to treat covid-19
    In the original picture, the girl was carrying a Spanish flag
    The level of protection from masks cannot be precisely determined 

  8. Malaysian

    The picture has circulated online since 2019 and shows an abandoned theme park in Japan
    This photo has circulated in reports about a Filipino man burning a Malaysian flag in a protest 
    Health experts say there is no evidence that eating alkaline foods can prevent or cure Covid-19 

  9. Indonesian

    This video shows a boy reciting the Koran in Zanzibar, not Indonesia's Papua region
    These photos show two Portuguese churches decorated with the bones of devotees
    House Speaker Fadli Zon wore a T-shirt wore a T-shirt that says he is "spokesperson" of controversial Muslim group the Islamic Defenders Front 

  10. Thai

    Fake Twitter accounts impersonate Thai pro-democracy group
    Old photos of Aung San Suu Kyi shared in false posts about her ‘showing support for Thai pro-democracy protesters’
    German Foreign Minister’s comments about Thailand’s anti-government protests misrepresented in social media posts

  11. Slovak

    False claim a 15-year-old was struck by a police rubber bullet on the sidelines of a demo
    Alex Jones video spreads virally on Slovak Facebook despite being blocked on the platform
    The Roma don't receive free drugs. This disinformation is at least 9 years old

  12. Czech

    Polio vaccine in India financed by Bill Gates didn't cause paralysis in almost 500,000 children
    Tissue from aborted human foetuses isn’t an ingredient in Covid-19 vaccine
    NATO didn't secretly move troops to provoke Russia

  13. Dutch

    These stock photos were created to illustrate the pandemic, not to exaggerate or fake it
    Bill Gates quote in 2011 newspaper is about decreasing population growth, not decreasing the population
    The government doesn’t approve parties, only a judge can ban them

  14. Burmese

    Thai soldier's Facebook Live video misused to make false claim over 'shoot to kill' orders for Myanmar migrants
    False claim circulates on Facebook in Myanmar that chewing betel quid can prevent Covid-19 infection
    These photos actually show ballots from the 2015 Myanmar election

  15. Serbian

    Croatian authorities deny attacks by Roma people on humanitarian aid
    Social services will not take away children due to parents’ refusal to vaccinate them against Covid-19
    Misleading posts show bridesmaids at a mass wedding in Gaza and not child brides

  16. German

    Allegations politician staged images involving migrants on Lesbos
    Fake paramedic during anti-coronavirus demos in Berlin
    Debunk of a main player of Germany's organized anti-coronavirus movement

  17. Korean

    Anti-parasite medication ivermectin is not a scientifically proven treatment for Covid-19
    Facebook posts share misleading ‘fraud’ claim after Chinese courier package spotted at US election ballot count 
    Misleading claim circulates online that restored photo of Korean independence activist shows evidence of torture

  18. Romanian

    First vaccine against Covid administered with an empty syringe in Romania
    Romania’s emergency department is not preparing fake syringes for Covid vaccinations: the video shows a special effects syringe used in movies
    Those photos show vaccination against diphtheria in Peru, not forced vaccination against Covid-19 in Mexico
Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP Factuel  journalists publish 1 to 4 fact-checks in French per day on its website. 

The fact-checks are gathered on the website section called "France" here: https://factuel.afp.com/list/38329/all/all/all/11?page=1


But AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website, here:

https://factuel.afp.com/

https://factcheck.afp.com/




done_all 1.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous three months. No additional information required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

According to our assessment, the fact-checking stories presented by "AFP Factuel" are in line with IFCN's expectations.

We find that these fact checks deal in majority (more than 75%) with “public interest” issues that “relate to or could have an impact on the well-being of individuals, the general public or society”.

NB :

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 1.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please explain any commercial, financial and/or institutional relationship your organization has to the state, politicians or political parties in the country or countries you cover. Also explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP has a unique status as an autonomous organization enshrined in a French law that you will find in full here.
AFP is not a public service media and has no connection with public institutions, politicians or political parties, in France or elsewhere. AFP is 100% independent. AFP resources are provided by the sale of its production to its clients, as well as financial compensation from the French state for costs generated in the fulfillment of its general interest missions, as defined in article 2 of the above-mentioned law. 
Within the EU, AFP has received funds from the Commission through calls for tenders for development projects. None of these have so far been affected to fact-checking. 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP and its "AFP Factuel" section explain funding or support received from foreign as well as local state or political actors over the previous financial year.

It evokes "financial compensation from the French state for costs generated in the fulfillment of its general interest missions". 



done_all 1.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 1.6
Proof you meet criteria
If you confirmed the organization receives funding from local or foreign state or political sources, provide a link to where on your website you set out how you ensure the editorial independence of your work.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

Article 2 of the law mentioned here [French] and here [English] states that AFP should not "under any circumstances" take into account any kind of influences that are likely to compromise the accuracy or objectivity of information, or come under the control of an ideological, political or economic group.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

The AFP Factuel team explain the editorial independance of its work here:

https://factuel.afp.com/propos

https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

"AFP should not "under any circumstances" take into account any kind of influences that are likely to compromise the accuracy or objectivity of information, or come under the control of an ideological, political or economic group."


NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 1.6 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 2: A commitment to Non-partisanship and Fairness

To be compliant on nonpartisanship and fairness, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 2.1 The applicant fact-checks using the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim.
  • 2.2 The applicant does not unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side, considers the reach and importance of claims it selects to check and publishes a short statement on its website to set out how it selects claims to check.
  • 2.3 The applicant discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided. It also discloses in its fact checks any commercial or other such relationships it has that a member of the public might reasonably conclude could influence the findings of the fact check.
  • 2.4 The applicant is not as an organization affiliated with nor declares or shows support for any party, any politician or political candidate, nor does it advocate for or against any policy positions on any issues save for transparency and accuracy in public debate.
  • 2.5 The applicant sets out its policy on non-partisanship for staff on its site. Save for the issues of accuracy and transparency, the applicant’s staff do not get involved in advocacy or publicise their views on policy issues the organization might fact check in such a way as might lead a reasonable member of the public to see the organization’s work as biased.

Criteria 2.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please share links to 10 fact checks published over the past year that you believe demonstrate your non-partisanship.
Please briefly explain how the fact checks selected show that (I) you use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims, (II) follow the same essential process for every fact check and (III) let the evidence dictate your conclusions.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

ENGLISH

 1) This fact check uses multiple sources for prescription drug price data to show that the one source cited in the claim is misleading. The process for this fact check followed the standard protocol: conducting a search to determine the veracity of the claim and then finding evidence from multiple sources to highlight why this claim is misleading. The sources cited are clear, and experts are cited, allowing a reader to draw their own conclusions, based on the data. This article follows the traditional format of our fact checks: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/misleading-claim-about-us-prescription-drug-prices-spreads-social-media

2) The claims in this fact check were not supported by any scientific evidence, but AFP Fact Check drew on multiple experts and scientists to show that no scientific study backs up the claims from this press conference. By citing multiple doctors, as well as the FDA and WHO, this fact check presents evidence and does not rely on one individual or organisation. This article follows the traditional format of our blog posts with the conclusion of our findings presented in the first paragraph, followed by examples of the places where we found the claim across social media, followed by quotes and links showing the evidence refuting the claim. The fact check also cited previous claims made by Trump that AFP Fact Check had already debunked. In addition, the event was a political stunt (funded by a conservative political group). The video's virality made this aspect important, and our reporting provided the context of what was really taking place.

https://factcheck.afp.com/trump-spreads-video-doctor-who-falsely-claims-hydroxychloroquine-cures-covid-19

3) For evidence, we show the current and previous version of the health law and quote the spokesman for a government minister, an independent legal expert and publicly available comments from meetings and press appearances by the government officials. This article follows the traditional format of our stories with the conclusion of our findings presented in the first paragraph, followed by examples of the places where we found the claim across social media, followed by quotes and links showing the evidence refuting the claim. I like this example because the screenshots shared by people on social media are of a real legal document that could potentially grant the power to mandate immunization, and we had to determine that this power had never been used nor was the government planning to use it during the pandemic.

https://factcheck.afp.com/albertas-health-laws-used-make-misleading-claims-about-mandatory-vaccination-during-covid-19

4) In May 2020, Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo said in a televised speech that his country had administered more COVID-19 tests per million people than any other country in Africa. The story was covered not only by Ghanaian outlets but also international media like the New York Times. The claim caught the attention of one of our fact-checkers, who has a background in economics journalism and thought the numbers did not add up. We compared available data from Ghana to that of five other countries, including African power houses Nigeria and South Africa. Our investigation showed that three countries ranked higher than Ghana in Covid-19 tests per million people. For this blog post, we followed the traditional format of our fact checks: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim. The debunk went viral and was reported on in national media.

https://factcheck.afp.com/ghana-leader-falsely-claims-his-country-fronts-africas-covid-19-testing

5) In June 2020, South Sudan's president and senior ministers appeared in public wearing so-called “virus removal cards” - clip-on tags marketed as prevention against infectious diseases. AFP Fact Check found the items for sale online around the world, including in countries where they were banned such as the US, Thailand and the Philippines. In some places, the cards are sold at a steep cost. Manufacturers claim that virus removal cards can kill bacteria and viruses thanks to their key ingredient, chlorine dioxide, a disinfectant used to treat drinking water and sterilise medical equipment. However, various scientists interviewed by AFP Fact Check dismissed the gadget as futile in the fight against COVID-19 or other diseases. The WHO has also repeatedly warned against untested products marketed as drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19. South Sudan's government officials eventually stopped wearing the cards. For this blog post, we followed the usual format of our fact checks: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim (photos of officials wearing these virus cards), evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/scientists-warn-against-bogus-covid-19-removal-cards

6) Although we often fact check the pro-government propaganda in India, this fact check also shows we are willing to fact check anti-Modi claims when there is clear evidence. Thus, AFP Fact Check has a commitment to unbiased journalism as we will report on all sides. We were able to track down the original image (with reverse image search) and found multiple media reports from 2014 to demonstrate it was old. This fact check followed our usual format: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/image-narendra-modi-mumbai-hospital-has-circulated-online-2014

7) We also debunked this claim against Indian opposition politicians. These claims have been circulating frequently during the pandemic when tensions are high. We tracked down the original Instagram post with the photo and linked to an original tweet from the time too. This is very strong digital evidence to counter the claim in the misleading posts. This fact check followed our usual format: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/photo-shows-indian-politician-celebrating-diwali-2019-coronavirus-pandemic

8) In the Philippines (where we often debunk pro-government propaganda) this hoax circulating during the pandemic caused panic. By debunking the claim, we were able to cite the government's clarification about the real restrictions at that time and hopefully reduce the anxiety/confusion within the local population. This blog post followed our usual format: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, list of locations named in the hoax, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/philippine-department-health-refutes-hoax-warning-about-visiting-shopping-malls-and-hotels-during

9) This is a strong fact check out of New Zealand. This debunking was a bit time intensive, as it took a while to dig up the original proceedings in parliament and compile the different edits that Advance NZ used to as false evidence in their claims that the Ardern govt had introduced mandatory vaccinations. This fact check resulted in Advance NZ being referred to the parliamentary privileges committee. This blog post followed our usual format: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of the claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and screenshots of relevant New Zealand law) refuting the claim.

https://factcheck.afp.com/new-zealand-political-partys-misleading-campaign-video-makes-false-forced-coronavirus-vaccination

10) Fact check from the Myanmar team that required both digital sleuthing and original reporting. This fact check helped debunk potentially inflammatory claims of election fraud by showing the ballots in the pictures were actually from the 2015 not the 2020 poll. This blog post followed our usual format: summary of findings presented in the first paragraph, examples of claim shared on social media, evidence (quotes, data, and links) refuting the claim. We used screenshots to compare the original footage from the election in 2015 and the one in 2020 to show that the photos are from 2015 and thus not fraud during the 2020 election. The ballots were different colors in 2015 and 2020. All of the photo evidence helps make our fact check stand independently with unbiased evidence.

https://factcheck.afp.com/these-photos-actually-show-ballots-2015-myanmar-election 


FRENCH

1) https://factuel.afp.com/covid-19-oui-les-masques-etaient-bien-dans-le-debat-public-debut-mars-0 (Macron)

2) https://factuel.afp.com/testez-testez-testez-une-recommandation-qui-ne-sadressait-pas-la-france-loms-sadressait-pourtant (Jérôme Salomon)

3) https://factuel.afp.com/non-loms-na-pas-commence-en-avril-appeler-tester-de-maniere-massive (S. Ndiaye)

4) https://factuel.afp.com/covid-19-non-la-france-nest-pas-le-pays-qui-deplore-le-nombre-de-morts-le-plus-important-deurope (MLP)

5) https://factuel.afp.com/covid-19-60-des-contaminations-en-france-au-travail-ou-dans-les-etablissements-scolaires-impossible (Mélenchon)

6) https://factuel.afp.com/lhiver-est-propice-certains-virus-mais-la-chaleur-printaniere-ne-les-tue-pas OU https://factuel.afp.com/cinq-choses-que-lon-ne-sait-toujours-pas-sur-le-coronavirus

7) https://factuel.afp.com/les-tests-detectent-bien-specifiquement-la-presence-de-sars-cov-2

8) https://factuel.afp.com/la-maison-de-carlos-ghosn-detruite-apres-les-explosions-beyrouth-son-entourage-dement (Médias 1)

9) https://factuel.afp.com/frappes-iraniennes-en-irak-attention-aux-images-detournees / https://factcheck.afp.com/iranian-strikes-iraq-decontextualized-videos-abound (Médias 2)

10) https://factuel.afp.com/oui-cette-photo-dun-bus-charge-de-passagers-bien-ete-prise-marseille-durant-le-confinement

Indépendance/Non-partisanship : l'AFP est en partie financée par des fonds publics. Cela ne nous empêche jamais de vérifier et exposer des propos faux ou trompeurs d'hommes ou de femmes politiques. Nous mettons un point d'honneur à rechercher et vérifier des affirmations de politiciens et responsables au pouvoir (fact checks n°1, 2, 3) comme dans l'opposition (4, 5). En tant qu'agence de presse, l'AFP compte parmi ses clients de nombreux médias à travers le monde. Si une fausse information trouve son origine ou est diffusée dans un média, nous l'écrivons dans nos fact checks, que ce soit média soit client ou non des fils de l'Agence (9, 10).

High standards of evidence/Follow the same process : pour chacun de nos articles, nous remontons à la source de l'affirmation. Si des publications sur les réseaux sociaux affirment qu'une phrase a été prononcée, par un élu par exemple, nous retrouvons une vidéo le prouvant et nous l'intégrons à l'article pour que tout le monde puisse vérifier notre point de départ. Pour la vérification en elle-même, nous ne nous contentons jamais d'une seule source. Si l'on doit faire appel à des experts, sur un sujet complexe, nous en interrogeons toujours plusieurs (6,7). S'il s'agit d'une affirmation chiffrée, nous recherchons toujours des sources fiables et indépendantes, et nous fournissons des liens vers toutes ces sources, pour que les lecteurs puissent vérifier notre démonstration. Si le fact check nécessite une vérification sur le terrain, nous essayons d'envoyer un journaliste sur place (fact check 8). Tous nos fact checks, sans exception, sont relus par un éditeur senior, chargé de vérifier à la fois la solidité de la démonstration et le respect de nos règles éditoriales, y compris lorsqu'il s'agit d'une traduction d'un papier déjà validé dans une autre langue.

Let the evidence dictate the conclusion : si nous partons dans l'idée qu'une photo est présentée de manière trompeuse, mais que notre recherche démontre qu'elle ne l'est pas, nous l'écrivons (10). Avec l'épidémie de Covid-19, nous sommes particulièrement confrontés à des affirmations difficiles à vérifier, ou au sujet desquelles la science doit encore se prononcer. Si une publication contient des affirmations que l'on ne peut pas, ou pas encore vérifier, nous le disons (5, 6).


Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" fact-checks seem to use the same high standards of evidence and judgement for equivalent claims regardless of who made the claim. We didn't find any example of obvious unfair treatment...

The team explains how the fact checks they selected show that they use the same high standards of evidence for equivalent claims.


NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 2.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.2
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you explain how you select claims to check, explaining how you ensure you do not unduly concentrate your fact-checking on any one side, and how you consider the reach and importance of the claims you select to check.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos 

This methodology page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" team does not seem to unduly concentrate its fact-checking on any one side; it seems to consider the reach and importance of claims it selects to check.

The team publishes an explaination on its website to set out how it selects claims to check, here:


https://factuel.afp.com/propos 

"We choose the content we investigate on the basis of several criteria, including their editorial interest, their virality depending on the date of publication and the platform on which they are broadcast. We pay particular attention to false statements conveying a speech that is hateful, racist, dangerous for health and / or which may affect the integrity of a person or a group of people."

https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

"We select content to investigate based on criteria including editorial interest, how widely something has been shared and whether it has entered public debate.We pay particular attention to misinformation that could endanger people's health or lives, or damage democratic processes, as well as potentially harmful hate speech and racism."



NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 2.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team discloses in its fact checks relevant interests of the sources it quotes and any commercial or other such relationships it has.


NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website


done_all 2.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will assess compliance through a review of the fact checks published over the previous year. No additional information required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team doesn't show support for any party, any politician or political candidate.



NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages and published more than 7000 stories in 2020.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website


done_all 2.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 2.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to a place on your website where you publish a statement setting out your policy on non-partisanship for staff and how it ensures the organization meets this criteria.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

Our work follows the editorial standards and key guiding principles of AFP global news agency. These state that "AFP journalists are expected to provide accurate, balanced and impartial news coverage, and to correct errors quickly and transparently." They state that "AFP journalists must speak with an independent voice, free of prejudice, bias or external influence." Failure to respect these principles can lead to sanctions.

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  

This page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" team explains its policies to preserve its non-partisan way of fact-checking claims here:


"Our work follows the mission described by the charter of Agence France-Presse, which undertakes to "provide accurate, impartial and trustworthy information at all times on current affairs around the world"."


https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

"Our work is carried out by fact-checking editors and a worldwide network of journalists, following the editorial standards and key guiding principles of the AFP global news agency."


The team evokes the editorial standards and key guiding principles of AFP global news agency:
https://www.afp.com/sites/default/files/paragraphrich/202011/22_jun_2016_afp_ethic.pdf


NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages.

This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website


done_all 2.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 3: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Sources

To be compliant on sources, applicants must meet these four criteria

  • 3.1 The applicant identifies the source of all significant evidence used in their fact checks, providing relevant links where the source is available online, in such a way that users can replicate their work if they wish. In cases where identifying the source would compromise the source’s personal security, the applicant provides as much detail as compatible with the source’s safety.
  • 3.2 The applicant uses the best available primary, not secondary, sources of evidence wherever suitable primary sources are available. Where suitable primary sources are not available, the applicant explains the use of a secondary source.
  • 3.3 The applicant checks all key elements of claims against more than one named source of evidence save where the one source is the only source relevant on the topic.
  • 3.4 The applicant identifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

Criteria 3.1
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team identifies the source of significant evidence used in its fact checks.

NB:

AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 3.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team uses (most of the time) the best available primary sources of evidence.


NBAFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 3.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team checks all key elements of claims with more than one source of evidence.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 3.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 3.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the applicant’s use of sources in a randomised sample of its fact checks to assess compliance. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

In view of what we have observed, the "AFP Factuel" team dentifies in its fact checks the relevant interests of the sources it uses where the reader might reasonably conclude those interests could influence the accuracy of the evidence provided.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 3.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 4: A commitment to Transparency of Funding & Organization

To be compliant on funding and organization, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 4.1 Applicants that are independent organizations have a page on their website detailing each source of funding accounting for 5% or more of total revenue for its previous financial year. This page also sets out the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
  • 4.2 Applicants that are the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization make a statement on ownership.
  • 4.3 A statement on the applicant’s website sets out the applicant’s organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.
  • 4.4 A page on the applicant’s website details the professional biography of all those who, according to the organizational structure and play a significant part in its editorial output.
  • 4.5 The applicant provides easy means on its website and/or via social media for users to communicate with the editorial team.

Criteria 4.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please confirm whether you are an ‘independent organization’
or ‘the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization’ and share proof of this organizational status.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

We are the fact-checking section of AFP.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

"AFP Fcatuel" is the fact-checking section of AFP. The explaination is here:

https://factuel.afp.com/propos

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.



done_all 4.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.2
Proof you meet criteria
If your organization is an “independent organization”, please share a link to the page on your website where you detail your funding and indicate the legal form in which the organization is registered (e.g. as a non-profit, as a company etc).
If your organization is “the fact-checking section or unit of a media house or other parent organization”, please share a link to the statement on your website about your ownership.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp 

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  

This page is available in every language we publish.

AFP fact checking
23-Feb-2021 (3 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp 

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  

We have specified who the AFP top executives are, including the CEO and the Global News Director, as well as the composition of the managing board. 

AFP’s management team is led by a CEO (currently Fabrice Fries), a Global News Director (currently Phil Chetwynd), and a Managing Director (currently Dalila Zein). The full organizational chart can be found here.

AFP also has a managing board made up of representatives of the media, public services (including government departments), employees, and five independent members chosen by AFP’s council based on their experience and knowledge. The full list of board and council members can be found here.


This page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

As a fact-checking section of AFP, "AFP Factuel" shares a link to the statement on its website about its ownership :

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  

But this link does not allow us to get an idea of the person or the company to which AFP belongs. This information lacks precision.


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


cancel 4.2 marked as Request change by Laurent Bigot.
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Mar-2021 (2 months ago)

As a fact-checking section of AFP, "AFP Factuel" shares a link to the statement on its website about its ownership :

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 4.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out your organizational structure, making clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

AFP's fact-checking activities are overseen by the digital verification chief editors, based at the agency's headquarters in Paris, with regional editors in Hong Kong, Washington DC, Beirut, Johannesburg and Montevideo.

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp 

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos  

This page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

AFP Factuel presents its organizational structure and makes clear how and by whom editorial control is exercised (Chief editor, deputy-chief editor, etc.) here:

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos

  

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.



done_all 4.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.4
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you set out the professional biographies of those who play a significant part in your organization’s editorial output.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/about-us

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/qui-sommes-nous 

This page is available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The "Checknews" team presents a page detailing the name and surname of the team members, and their biographies,  here:

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/about-us

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/qui-sommes-nous 


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 4.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 4.5
Proof you meet criteria
Please share a link to where on your website you encourage users to communicate with your editorial team.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact

We also have a contact button at the top of the home page of our websites (see attached screenshot).

We do not encourage people to submit individual claims to fact check on the websites in order to avoid spam. The vast majority of audience submissions come directly from Twitter (DMs or replies), Facebook (comments or Messenger) or WhatsApp (notably in Brazil and India). 

This page is available in every language we publish.

Files Attached
SampleContact.JPG (50 KB)
Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

It’s easy for readers to contact the "AFP Factuel" team.

The link to do that, in the menu, is here:

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact

And they have a contact button at the top of the home page of the website.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 4.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 5: A commitment to Standards and Transparency of Methodology

To be compliant on methodology, applicants must meet these six criteria

  • 5.1 The applicant publishes on its website a statement about the methodology it uses to select, research, write and publish its fact checks.
  • 5.2 The applicant selects claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and where possible explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.
  • 5.3 The applicant sets out in its fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it.
  • 5.4 The applicant in its fact checks assesses the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.
  • 5.5 The applicant seeks where possible to contact those who made the claim to seek supporting evidence, noting that (I) this is often not possible with online claims, (II) if the person who makes the claim fails to reply in a timely way this should not impede the fact check, (III) if a speaker adds caveats to the claim, the fact-checker should be free to continue with checking the original claim, (IV) fact-checkers may not wish to contact the person who made the claim for safety or other legitimate reasons.
  • 5.6 The applicant encourages users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable.

Criteria 5.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to the statement on your website that explains the methodology you use to select, research, write and publish your fact checks.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

Our methodology is explained on this dedicated page [here in English], while this page also highlights how we select our fact checks.  


These pages are available in every language we publish.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" team gives precisions about its fact-checking methodology, here:

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-how-we-work

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/fact-checking-comment-nous-travaillons


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

In view of what we have observed (20 fact checks selection), the "AFP Factuel" journalists select claims to check based primarily on the reach and importance of the claims, and sometimes explains the reason for choosing the claim to check.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.3
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago
In view of what we have observed (20 fact checks selection), the "AFP Factuel" journalists set out in their fact checks relevant evidence that appears to support the claim as well as relevant evidence that appears to undermine it. 


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.4
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago
In view of what we have observed (20 fact checks selection), the "AFP Factuel" journalists assess the merits of the evidence found using the same high standards applied to evidence on equivalent claims, regardless of who made the claim.

 

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.5
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the methodology used in a randomised sample of your fact checks to assess compliance with these criteria. No additional evidence is required.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

In view of what we have observed (20 fact checks selection), the "AFP Factuel" journalists seek where possible to contact those who made the claim. 


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 5.6
Proof you meet criteria
Please describe how you encourage users to send in claims to check, while making it clear what readers can legitimately expect will be fact-checked and what isn’t fact-checkable. Include links where appropriate. If you do not allow this, explain why.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

Our teams make every effort to review all questions submitted to us. If users wish to get in touch with editors to make a suggestion for a fact check, comment or point out an error, they can leave a message. They are also invited to look at our page "Fact-checking at AFP" to know more about how we select content.

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact 

AFP fact checking
23-Feb-2021 (3 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

Our teams make every effort to review all questions submitted to us. If users wish to get in touch with editors to make a suggestion for a fact check, comment or point out an error, they can leave a message.

We have specified that visitors can submit any content that they believe needs verifying (photos - videos - articles - statements by political/public figures – claims that they’ve come across, etc.)

They are also invited to look at our page "Fact-checking at AFP" to know more about how we select content.

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

There’s no dedicated page to invite readers to submit claims to fact-check on AFP Factuel website. There's only a page with a contact form:

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact 

And there's a page where readers can find an explaination about which claims are fact-checkable or not:

https://factuel.afp.com/propos

https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

But, in the website, there is no explanation as to why users cannot send a sentence to fact-check.


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


cancel 5.6 marked as Request change by Laurent Bigot.
Laurent Bigot Assessor
28-Mar-2021 (2 months ago) Updated: 2 months ago

After corrections, there’s a page to invite readers to submit claims to fact-check on AFP Factuel website here :

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/contact

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/contact 

And there's a page where readers can find an explaination about which claims are fact-checkable or not here:

https://factuel.afp.com/propos

https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

But, in the website, there is no explanation as to why users cannot send a sentence to fact-check.


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 5.6 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Section 6: A commitment to an Open & Honest Corrections Policy

To be compliant on corrections policy, applicants must meet these five criteria

  • 6.1 The applicant has a corrections or complaints policy that is easily visible and accessible on the organization’s website or frequently referenced in broadcasts.
  • 6.2 The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact check, are handled, and the fact that some complaints may justify no response. This policy is adhered to scrupulously.
  • 6.3 Where credible evidence is provided that the applicant has made a mistake worthy of correction, the applicant makes a correction openly and transparently, seeking as far as possible to ensure that users of the original see the correction and the corrected version.
  • 6.4 The applicant, if an existing signatory, should either on its corrections/complaints page or on the page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory inform users that if they believe the signatory is violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.
  • 6.5 If the applicant is the fact-checking unit of a media company, it is a requirement of signatory status that the parent media company has and adheres to an open and honest corrections policy.

Criteria 6.1
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a link to where you publish on your website your corrections or complaints policy. If you are primarily a broadcaster, please provide evidence you frequently reference your corrections policy in broadcasts.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

We have a dedicated page in every language (here in English, here in French), compiling all the corrections made on our stories. In each case, the date of the correction, its nature and the link to the story are indicated.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" blog gives precisions about its corrections policy, here:

https://factcheck.afp.com/corrections

https://factuel.afp.com/corrections

"If we make a factual error we will correct it and note it on the original item. This will be clearly marked as "CORRECTION" at the bottom of the article, with the date of the modification and an explanation. If the mistake is significant we will take down a story and leave an explanation."


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 6.1 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.2
Proof you meet criteria
The assessor will review the corrections policy to verify it meets critera. No additional information needed.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The policy sets out clear definitions of what it does and does not cover, how major mistakes, especially those requiring revised conclusions of a fact-check, are handled. 

But it does't sets clearly that some complaints may justify no response.

The "AFP factuel" journalists seems to follow this corrections policy quite scrupulously.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 6.2 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.3
Proof you meet criteria
Please provide a short statement about how the policy was adhered to over the previous year (or six months if this is the first application) including evidence of two examples of the responses provided by the applicant to a correction request over the previous year. Where no correction request has been made in the previous year, you must state this in your application, which will be publicly available in the assessment if your application is successful.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago
Most of the time, our errors are detected internally - during a translation from one language to another, for example - or by internet users who point out a lack of precision via a comment, tweet or email. In almost all cases, these are minor errors which do not affect the overall validity of an article. It is extremely rare that we have had to correct one of our fact checks following a formal and official complaint.

French

3 mars 2020 : précision du statut d'une publication scientifique, qui est une "lettre", un type de publication différent d'un article ou d'une étude

26 novembre 2020: remplace "les tests antigéniques" par "les tests d'anticorps, ou sérologiques" dans la partie sur les tests PCR 

English

September 28, 2020: This story was corrected to say that Netflix withdrew a promotional photo for the film 'Cuties'; a previous version of the story incorrectly said Netflix had withdrawn the film itself. 

January 22, 2021: This article was corrected to change a link to a Google Maps view of the India Gate. The link previously showed a different monument.

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" journalists provide credible evidence that it makes corrections openly and transparently.

The team gives 2 examples from 2 different articles :

https://factuel.afp.com/coronavirus-la-chloroquine-une-piste-tres-preliminaire-prendre-avec-prudence-selon-des-experts

https://factuel.afp.com/pandemie-terminee-aucune-surmortalite-tests-pcr-pas-valables-les-fausses-informations-de-cette

https://factcheck.afp.com/posts-falsely-claim-netflix-ceo-has-been-arrested-child-pornography

The fourth link doesn't work.

NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 6.3 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.4
Proof you meet criteria
If you are an existing signatory, please provide a link to show where on your site you inform users that if they believe you are violating the IFCN Code, they may inform the IFCN of this, with a link to the complaints page on the IFCN site.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

It's stated that "if you believe AFP has not respected the code of principles, you can directly inform the IFCN" with the relevant link. 

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos   

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The "AFP Factuel" website has a page where it declares itself an IFCN signatory here;

[English] https://factcheck.afp.com/fact-checking-afp

[French] https://factuel.afp.com/propos


The website informs users that if they believe its journalists are violating the IFCN Code, people may inform the IFCN, with a link to the IFCN site.


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 6.4 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.

Criteria 6.5
Proof you meet criteria
If you are the fact-checking unit of a media company, please provide a link to the parent media company’s honest and open corrections policy and provide evidence that it adheres to this.

AFP fact checking
04-Jan-2021 (5 months ago) Updated: 4 months ago

The AFP Editorial standards and best practices (available on the company website here) making it clear that "AFP must correct errors quickly and transparently. The Agency does not set a time limit on corrections - even if days or weeks have passed, factual errors must be corrected and if necessary, the story killed and removed from the database".
The fact-checking unit strictly applies the same rules and reports corrections directly on stories as well as on a dedicated page (here in English, here in French). 

Laurent Bigot Assessor
21-Feb-2021 (4 months ago) Updated: 3 months ago

The parent media company of "AFP Factuel", called AFP, has its own code of ethics:

https://www.afp.com/communication/chartes/12_april_2016_afp_ethic_final.pdf

It contains references to an honest and open corrections policy:

"AFP must correct errors quickly and transparently. The Agency does not set a time limit on corrections - even if days or weeks have passed, factual errors must be corrected and if necessary, the story killed and removed from the database".


NB: AFP Factuel uses 18 working languages. This assessment is only available for the French and the English sections of the website.


done_all 6.5 marked as Compliant by Laurent Bigot.